• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was any country or person responsible for The Cold War?

Extracts from this document...


essay on The Cold War - A2 History - laid out in sub-titles. Was any country or person responsible for The Cold War? To look to see who is to blame I shall break down the events of The Cold War 1917-1949 and consider whether these events accumulated from the actions of a particular country or politician. 1917 - 1919 Russia underwent a swift revolution which saw Lenin to the throne. He became the forefront of Communism which was to spread and gather both support and opposition. Tention grew between the Russians and the West due to Russia's bowing out of the war anyway, but after the war was over the tention was to mount due to the fact that Allied forces fought in the Civil War on the side of the anti-Bolshevik 'Whites'. It could therefore be argued that The Allies expressed direct opposition to their former ally and so were responsible for the early births of the antagonism which grew later on. America enters the war United in the shared objective of bringing down Nazism American and Russian relations kept during the war. ...read more.


Here I would see Stalin as the more aggressive and more of a danger to the peace than Roosevelt. However Roosevelt's death opened the door for a new president.......... The Big Change President Truman replaced Roosevelt in 1945 and instantly ended lend-lease aid to the Soviets, which meant demobilization from Germany leaving Russia isolated as during the issue of 'The Second Front'. Truman had set a statement in doing so, he did not wish to work hand in hand with Communist Russia and Stalin and the world saw this. Truman is therefore guilty of causing a break in relations and antagonism characteristic of The Cold War. Potsdam The agreements made concerned the occupation of Germany but they unraveled within a year showing that the two sides were unable to negotiate. 'Atomic Diplomacy' This was one week after Potsdam and saw America drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. The possession of the bomb was a widely discussed issue at the time and the historian Alperovitz suggests it caused Truman to take a tougher line against Communist Russia. ...read more.


A 'blank cheque' was offered to any country threatened by Communism, showing clear intolerance towards Russia. To argue in Stalin's defense, the Russians had no short term plans to obliterate capitalism, particularly in the East, but rather wished to go about living by their own ideals. However America constantly attempted to bring down Communism one way or another and frequently spoke out against Russia. The Marshall Plan offered aid to all European countries including Russia, but it was rejected by the Soviets who saw it as a direct attempt to turn people's faith back to Communism and so the tension only grew. In these instances I hold the opinion that America aggravated the issue and turned antagonism into The Cold War. Conclusion The mid twentieth century saw two superpowers dominating the world's politics with hugely differing ideals. However I feel that the friction got out of hand due to America's failure to accept another way of life other than Communism and Stalin's panaroia over America's ambitions. In my opinion The Truman Doctrine and The Marshall Plan were blatant attacks on Russia and Communism, and bring blame largely to America, and the contraverial Truman. Although I would not blame the whole conflict on Truman, I find his contribution a big one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Who was responsible for the start of the Cold war?

    The 1946 'Iran crisis' marks yet another catastrophic misjudgement between the two sides. As already established, post World War II Russia was in a state of ruin, its economy in tatters. Stalin's aim was to rebuild the Soviet Union through a rapid plan of industrialisation but he could not do this completely alone.

  2. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    their part of the deal and remove the missiles o In secret Robert Kennedy agreed with the Soviet ambassador that the Jupiter missiles would be removed from Turkey once the crisis was over. He also suggested that the two leaders should begin talks on arms reduction.

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    And even most of these satellites were communication and weather satellites, rest of it were launched with military aims. -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- The start of the cold war was due to many aspects that were present during this time period. Because of these aspects it is dificult to say one specific issue was responsible for the start of the Cold war.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    They failed. Every promise the English have made to the Russians, they have fallen down on. . . . The only reason we stand so well ... is that up to date we have kept our promises." Over and over again Roosevelt intervened directly and personally to expedite the shipment of supplies.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    According to George Hawi, military escalation in the Mountain was initially suggested by Palestinian leaders. In a meeting held in early March in the village of Souq al-Gharb and attended by Arafat, Abu Jihad, Abu Iyad, in addition to Jumblatt, Hawi and Mohsin Ibrahim, Palestinian leaders advocated the opening of a new front in the Mountain.

  2. The Marshall Plan.

    and the extreme right), domestic reforms in government and tax programs, and economic and military aid from the U.S. By February 27, Marshall's advisers had written a plan of action, which Marshall read to a White House meeting of congressional leaders and the president.

  1. Special Person

    Her love was tremor that stopped the beat of everyone's heart, through the village. She loved people and children, she was a like poem enriched with hugs and kisses. She could not stop giving since her father was a wealthy man, she was like a Samaritan brought upon the world to relieve pain and unhappiness.

  2. Superpower Relations and the Thaw in the Cold War

    brought about another power vacuum in large parts of the ?Third World? * Middle East ? Area of particular strategic importance because of its oil supplies. * Had previously been in the control of France and Britain whom relinquished their control over the region after WW2 * Both superpowers were

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work