• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Was any country or person responsible for The Cold War?

Extracts from this document...


essay on The Cold War - A2 History - laid out in sub-titles. Was any country or person responsible for The Cold War? To look to see who is to blame I shall break down the events of The Cold War 1917-1949 and consider whether these events accumulated from the actions of a particular country or politician. 1917 - 1919 Russia underwent a swift revolution which saw Lenin to the throne. He became the forefront of Communism which was to spread and gather both support and opposition. Tention grew between the Russians and the West due to Russia's bowing out of the war anyway, but after the war was over the tention was to mount due to the fact that Allied forces fought in the Civil War on the side of the anti-Bolshevik 'Whites'. It could therefore be argued that The Allies expressed direct opposition to their former ally and so were responsible for the early births of the antagonism which grew later on. America enters the war United in the shared objective of bringing down Nazism American and Russian relations kept during the war. ...read more.


Here I would see Stalin as the more aggressive and more of a danger to the peace than Roosevelt. However Roosevelt's death opened the door for a new president.......... The Big Change President Truman replaced Roosevelt in 1945 and instantly ended lend-lease aid to the Soviets, which meant demobilization from Germany leaving Russia isolated as during the issue of 'The Second Front'. Truman had set a statement in doing so, he did not wish to work hand in hand with Communist Russia and Stalin and the world saw this. Truman is therefore guilty of causing a break in relations and antagonism characteristic of The Cold War. Potsdam The agreements made concerned the occupation of Germany but they unraveled within a year showing that the two sides were unable to negotiate. 'Atomic Diplomacy' This was one week after Potsdam and saw America drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima. The possession of the bomb was a widely discussed issue at the time and the historian Alperovitz suggests it caused Truman to take a tougher line against Communist Russia. ...read more.


A 'blank cheque' was offered to any country threatened by Communism, showing clear intolerance towards Russia. To argue in Stalin's defense, the Russians had no short term plans to obliterate capitalism, particularly in the East, but rather wished to go about living by their own ideals. However America constantly attempted to bring down Communism one way or another and frequently spoke out against Russia. The Marshall Plan offered aid to all European countries including Russia, but it was rejected by the Soviets who saw it as a direct attempt to turn people's faith back to Communism and so the tension only grew. In these instances I hold the opinion that America aggravated the issue and turned antagonism into The Cold War. Conclusion The mid twentieth century saw two superpowers dominating the world's politics with hugely differing ideals. However I feel that the friction got out of hand due to America's failure to accept another way of life other than Communism and Stalin's panaroia over America's ambitions. In my opinion The Truman Doctrine and The Marshall Plan were blatant attacks on Russia and Communism, and bring blame largely to America, and the contraverial Truman. Although I would not blame the whole conflict on Truman, I find his contribution a big one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Who was responsible for the start of the Cold war?

    was where the Cold war really began. His speech in which he coined the infamous phrase was the first instance whereby a political leader had explicitly highlighted the ideological divide between East and west. "From Stettin in the Baltic to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent."

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    importance of the Balkan situation" and wished to "take advantage of" any opportunity to exercise influence in that area, the simple fact was that Soviet troops were in control. Churchill-and privately Roosevelt as well-accepted the consequences. "The occupying forces had the power in the area where their arms were present,"

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    o Elections for the US Congress were only 3 weeks away. o If the USA did not respond strongly to a threat in its own backyard, the USSR would certainly be encouraged to challenge American power elsewhere in the world e.g.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    In the summer of 1977 Syria, the PLO, and the government of Lebanon signed the Shtawrah Accord, which detailed the planned disposition of the ADF in Lebanon and called for a reconstituted Lebanese Army to take over PLO positions in southern Lebanon.

  1. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    Some believe it was mainly because of the United States, while others blame the Soviet Union for the distressing mishap. Others think that maybe it was inevitable and bound to happen, or maybe it was partly both of their faults.

  2. The Cold War was the result of Stalin adopting a policy contrary to the ...

    Besides that, Roosevelt and Churchill had signed the "Atlantic Charter"9 in which the wilsonian principles of self-determination and free democratic elections within a liberal-capitalist economy should be imposed on to all countries liberated from Nazi rule. Western ally policy, therefore, would consist in restoring a power equilibrium in Europe and

  1. Who or what is to blame for the start of the cold war?

    other from establishing what they perceived as a secure position in Europe. In short, they forced the other country to be on the defensive and thus, they lashed out at each other. These tantrums can be seen in Europe, the Middle East and other places.

  2. Superpower Relations and the Thaw in the Cold War

    July 1954: Geneva Conference ? discuss problems in Asia/S.E Asia * Korean armistice confirmed * Settlement reached to allow French to withdraw from Indochina * Despite Dulles reservations over the wisdom of the settlement (communism in N. Vietnam) the agreement was endorsed by all involved.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work