• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What is dictatorship?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

DICTATORSHIP Dictatorship is a form of government in which an individual, a committee, or a group holds absolute power. The term dictator originated in ancient Rome. The Roman Senate often appointed individuals as temporary "dictators" who could handle national emergencies without the approval of the people or the Senate. But the Roman dictator did not have the absolute power of modern dictators. Today, many countries are ruled by dictatorships, including some Communist nations. Dictatorship is similar to absolute monarchy, another system of government in which the rulers have no legal restrictions on their power. However, the two systems differ. Throughout history, most people have accepted monarchies as a form of government. Once established, monarchies tended to become hereditary. Most monarchs respected the established customs and institutions of countries they ruled and often shared power with other government officials and nobles. Dictatorships, on the other hand, generally lack the approval of the people and are almost never hereditary. Dictators also maintain exclusive control over the government. ...read more.

Middle

Hitler set up concentration camps where about 4 million Jews were murdered. Altogether, Hitler's forces killed about 6 million European Jews as well as about 5 million other people that Hitler regarded as racially inferior or politically dangerous. Adolf Hitler began his rise to political power in 1919, the year after World War I had ended. The German Empire had been defeated, and the nation's economy lay in ruins. Hitler joined a small group of men who became known as Nazis. He soon became their leader. Hitler and his followers believed he could win back Germany's past glory. He promised to rebuild Germany into a mighty empire that would last a thousand years. Many people did not take Hitler seriously. But his fiery words and brilliant blue eyes seemed to hypnotize those who listened to him. Many Germans believed he was their protector and friend. His emotional speeches made crowds cheer "Heil, Hitler!" ("Hail, Hitler!" ). Hitler became dictator of Germany in 1933 and quickly succeeded in regaining some territories taken from Germany as a result of World War I. ...read more.

Conclusion

He dreamed of building Italy into a great empire, but he led his nation to defeat in World War II (1939-1945) and was executed by his own people. Fascist dictator. In 1919, Mussolini founded the Fasci di Combattimento (Combat Groups). This movement appealed to war veterans with a program that supported government ownership of national resources and that put the interests of Italy above all others. In 1921, he transformed the Fasci into the National Fascist Party, adopting a more conservative program to gain the support of property-owning Italians. The Black Shirts, armed squads who supported Mussolini, used violence to combat anti-Fascist groups. In 1922, the Black Shirts staged a March on Rome and forced King Victor Emmanuel III to appoint Mussolini prime minister. In 1925, Mussolini declared a dictatorship. He abolished other political parties and imposed government control on industry, schools, and the press and police. In 1929, he signed agreements that settled long-standing disputes between the government and the Roman Catholic Church. He also sought to make Italy a corporate state, in which the government would help resolve disputes between employers and workers. The powerful Mussolini was called Il Duce (The Leader). ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Was Hitler a weak dictator?

    This allowed him to achieve the rearmament of Germany that was his major goal. Stalin didn't do it better, he just made it different. However Hitler showed his weakness on not making his people pay for the war effort as Stalin did.

  2. Hitlers Germany

    Simultaneously, he moved north to aid the breakthrough by attacking the Germans. However his attack was beaten off and Lord Gort, the commander of the British expeditionary force, disregarded his orders. This was to provoke bitter French recriminations, but in the light of subsequent events the British decision was probably correct.

  1. "Mussolini was an all powerful dictator" - How accurate is this statement?

    In 1927, a secret police force was set up called the OVRA and it was lead by Arturo Bocchini. The death penalty was reintroduced for "serious political offences". By 1940, the OVRA had arrested 4000 suspects but only 10 people from 1927 to 1940 were ever sentenced to death -Had

  2. Adlof Hitler and Joseph Stalin were the two of the most powerful dictators in ...

    The second was to change the economic base, so that Germany could rearm and avenge Europe for the Versailles Treaty. He provided work for thousands in the building and engineering industries. Some other unemployed young people were put into the labor service and emergence relief schemes.

  1. The Rise and Fall of Adolf Hitler.

    What do you think this person would detail as the five greatest strengths of the United States of America as a nation in the present day? Explain why you chose each strength. I think Hitler would pick negative things as strengths, because he was a dictator who did not believe in democracy.

  2. Can historical parallels be drawn between democracies and dictatorships?

    A malevolent leader in a democracy can be identified quite easily, though this may not always happen. And upon this be removed, though this too may not always happen. A true democracy is self-corrective, which a dictatorship is not. This does not prelude the fact that a democracy cannot be perverted and deviated from it's objective of a governance.

  1. How similar were the Nazi dictatorship in Germany and the Fascist dictatorship in Italy ...

    The common hatred and vigilance against other powers gave a negative cohesion to the national psychology, which was magnificently exploited by Hitler. While on the other hand, the appeal of Mussolini's policies was more of an ambitious imperial nature. The reigns of Nazi and Fascist dictatorships had more similarities than dissimilarities.

  2. How similar were the Nazi dictatorship in Germany and the Fascist dictatorship in Italy ...

    It promoted a sense of order, organization and uniformity that was missing from the Weimar Republic. The First World War had brought tremendous political, social and economic instability, and therefore, particularly to the middle classes, Hitler and Mussolini seemed to offer a return to stability and economic prosperity.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work