• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What role did propaganda play in maintaining Hitler in power?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

What role did propaganda play in maintaining Hitler in power? The Nazi regime in Germany secured its power very quickly and effectively soon after Hitler came to power in 1933. Though the national socialists only had 3 Nazis in the cabinet, within two months of becoming chancellor Hitler had ensured his political power through entirely legal means. The next step for the Nazis was to gain and ensure support from the German public, for this new regime to consolidate its power the people of Germany either had to be too afraid to rebel against it or truly believe in its values, the Nazis used a powerful combination of both. In the period between 1933 and 1939 this was achieved with a number of methods, most notably the skilled use of propaganda but also legislative and administrative changes, Hitler's personal charisma, economic recovery and the 'reign of terror'. The extent of which each of these methods contributed to the consolidation Nazi power differs. ...read more.

Middle

This covered every aspect of the communications media. Anyone who produced, distributed, broadcast, published or sold any kind of cinema, media, press or literature had to first join one of the departments and then follow the rules of that government department. Along with the compulsory membership, came the prohibition of all Jewish newspapers, radio and cinema. Due to the censorship of media and the control of its content the general mood of the media was made very pro-Nazi, therefore anyone who disagreed with the media's views would be stepping out of the public mood. The terror of not conforming, due to the total propaganda they were subjected to, contributed greatly to the consolidation of power in Nazi Germany. This terror was made even more potent by organised violent acts against anything considered anti or un-Nazi, such as the book burning during the spring of 1933. Propaganda was also used to show the public that Nazi Germany was a regime of modern progress and further convinced the public that it was the only solution in order to progress. ...read more.

Conclusion

the threat of violence for non conformists was too great not to consider it as another main reason if not an equal reason for Hitler and the Nazi party's consolidation and maintenance of power. The threat of terror worked well because though it was only implemented on a minority it affected a large majority in not speaking out over issues that did not affect them. However, although fear may have helped consolidate power, propaganda played a part here too. It was through the use of propaganda that Nazis 'justified' their violent acts, such as the Reichstag fire and the Night of the Long Knives on 30th June 1934. Instead of keeping this major incident quite, they made it open conveying the message that Rohm and the other leaders were dangerous and that the Nazis actions were for the greater good of Germany. Here, propaganda played the vital role of preventing an uprising and convincing the people that because the Nazis were open about the event it had to be for the 'good of the nation.' ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Hitlers Germany

    Confronted by incriminating evidence, many dodged behind a series of rationalizations. The most popular was that they merely followed orders and that Hitler or Himmler was really the guilty one. It was, of course, convenient for the top Nazis, as it was to some degree for all Germans, to blame

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    outside working time Peasants/Small farmers Lowest paid in Germany Import controls and a setting of higher farm prices = relief Propaganda portrayed farmers as the backbone of the nation - # farmers decreased after 1933 as people left countryside to earn higher wages in towns Business Interests Big business made

  1. Causes of show trials + purges of 1930s.

    Trotsky's skill as an orator was unrivalled by any other socialist. He was often described as having 'the oratorical skill to set his listeners on fire'. Lenin was skilled in arguing but was unable to arouse the Proletariat causing it to follow their leadership.

  2. Hitler's use of propaganda.

    In contrast, the British and Americans had been right to portray the Germans as Huns6 and barbarians because their soldiers would then be prepared for the horrors of battle7. Hitler was also impressed by the way that Allied propaganda conceived entirely for the masses and tirelessly repeated.

  1. Mussolini and Hitler: Road to Power

    He transformed the fasci into the PNF; Partito Nazionale Fascista, a right-wing party. The party was based on extreme nationalism, focusing on building up the greatness of the state; viewing Italy as superior. The focus was also on establishing peace and order through a strong authoritarian government.

  2. How realistic are POW films?

    Furthermore the behaviour and the attitudes of the POW guards were very unrealistic. They are shown smiling and joking with the prisoners which I know from Lord John Russell's account of conditions in a prisoner of war camps was untrue where the guards were described as having 'no respect' for the prisoners.

  1. Mass media

    this was positive personality still possessed some negative points in him, his intellect made him arrogant and made him feel he would easily become the new leader of Russia. Trotsky was once a Menshevik until 1917 and this could be seen as lack of commitment in the party and not to be trusted fully.

  2. Explain the role of Czechoslovakia in the appeasement story.

    During the election campaign there were reports that German troop movements of the German-Czechoslovakian border. But the troops were not mobilising and were just carrying out manoeuvres but Benes decided that in view of the election campaign there was a possible threat.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work