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What was the short-term significance of the impact of the Austro-Prussian War on Italian politics and society?

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Introduction

1,000 WORDS DEADLINE: MONDAY 10TH DECEMBER 2012 What was the short-term significance of the impact of the Austro-Prussian War on Italian politics and society? Contextualising before the war of 1866 Socio-Economic impact - The fleet, after the recent ?spending spree?, could count 12 ironclad battleships of the most modern design, to Austrian army?s 7. -Government spending exceeded income by 60% after Venetia was added -King was making intent on making war and raised taxes to fund -1868 tax on grinding corn (IAT peasants) -Increased church taxation payments to states The unification of Italy 1815-70, Robert Pearce and Andrina Stiles, 2008 North and South - Needed to unite the two very different areas of the country: the prosperous, semi industrialised ?advanced? north (Piedmont) and the poor, agriculturally based ?backward? south (Papal States) ...read more.

Middle

Cost of living rose with the quality of life for the peasants lowering due to higher taxation - The peasants couldn?t understand the difficult legal systems; also conscription took the young men away from the farms where they were needed. - 1861, around 25,000 of them took the hills of Naples and Sicily to avoid military service Humiliation -Defeats at custozza + Lissa by Austrians -Realisation of being given Venetia by foreign power -Inspire nationalists to get Rome - On 20th July the Italian Navy suffered humiliation at the hands of Austria in the battle of Lisa - Abandoned hopes of gaining the Trentino -Peace of Vienna, 3rd October 1866, Austria ceded Venetia to Italy and recognized the new kingdom. ...read more.

Conclusion

Have to face the army of his own government, who could not permit ?banditry? to prejudice their diplomatic relations with France, and could not contemplate the humiliation of acquiring their capital city from the hands of a revolutionary 3. Badly mistaken in hoping that his actions might spark off a popular revolt with the Papal territories The Making of Italy 1796-1866, Denis Mack Smith -The second battle of Custoza was not in itself a defeat, but it was a check from which Lamarmora?s morale never recovered, and he fell back even though not pursued. - ?The Austrians have not gained an inch of ground in the affections and good will of the Venetians, and the latter have not yielded an inch in their attachment to Victor Emmanuel and the national course? Julian Fan, Secretary at the British Embassy at Vienna to Lord John Russell, October 28th 1863 ...read more.

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