• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

What were the attitudes of Great Britain, China and Hong Kong to the hand over of Hong Kong in June 1997?

Extracts from this document...


Question 1 What were the attitudes of Great Britain, China and Hong Kong to the hand over of Hong Kong in June 1997? In 1898 the British Empire who had already acquired Hong Kong island, convinced the Imperial Chinese Government that they needed to expand their position in the Eastern waters. Naturally like any other weak country with a fear of another war at hand agreed to this proposition and gave a strip of mainland China, the New Territories, to be a part of Hong Kong. However, it was given as a lease for 99 years. Thus unlike in 1997, the whole of Hong Kong need not be handed back as it was, however, Hong Kong had become a united country that breaking apart would cause uproar. After periods of civil war and Communist take over and eventual capitalistic industrialisation, the years passed on to China having good relations with the West. With the Joint Declaration signed by Baroness Thatcher (PM at the time) in 1984, the fateful June 30th 1997 arrived. At Midnight July 1st the great prosperous British colony was completely handed back to China. If a separation would have happened it would have caused great controversy with the general public throughout the world as well as harming diplomatic and trade relations. ...read more.


This in the Chinese Tradition means he would return. Thus echoing Britain's promise to Hong Kong. Hours after the hand over, a moderated chat was held on the Time Magazine Website, between a new Provisional Hong Kong Legislator, Tsang Yok Sing (Set-up by the Chine Government) and an ex-Legislator Emily Lau (elected by the people in Hong Kong). Lau would strongly disagree to Charles's patronising remark that Hong Kong can look after themselves now as Hong Kong never had the chance to be independent. The Legislative Council set up by the British was partly democratic, as only 18 out of 60 seats were up for election. Ms Lau says: "It is Britain's disgrace in 156 years of colonial rule, HK has never had democracy. It is like pregnancy, either you are (democratic) or you are not." Thus Chinese rule would not be as different as British rule, the new Provisional Council, however, had no elected seats. Thus a bitter sweet attitude emerges from this, she was glad that Britain had gone, but was not very happy with the new Chinese Government either. It was as though nothing had changed. Also echoes of Tiananmen Square still run through the hearts of Hong Kong's citizens and there are fears that demonstrations would result in the same way of June 1989: "Later there will be probably be oppression" (SCMP HK Website - Word on the Street) ...read more.


The Chinese appointed General had been ordered to love the people. This shows that China want to make the system work into one united country. On the night, the Democratics were allowed to make speeches. This is a sign that China want to avert another Tiananmen Square. Overall China are acting to be very diplomatic with Hong Kong and are very positive towards the hand over. With the complete "package" given to China, the Chinese would have more trade agreements with the West and Hong Kong. Due to this they would expand their technological power, and gain more suitable land to start capitalistic businesses. For China the hand over is profitable enough economically to appease the people of Hong Kong politically. Consequently with the hand over, China will grow richer and more capitalistic that could be the intention of Britain of giving all of Hong Kong back, to start the domino effect of democracy through increasing capitalism. Thus in 50 years the world could wake up to a democratic China, whose policies would not cause uproar in Hong Kong. The last influential communist country would fall and Britain would have been part of that success. On the other hand, in 50 years, China may step up their communist policies and another Cultural Revolution would devastate Hong Kong. If this would happen, Britain would be cursed by the people of Hong Kong island. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Superpower Relations 1945-90

    o In 1965, President Johnson sent US combat troops into Vietnam. Thus, during the mid 1960s, neither Superpower seemed to show any desire to reduce the tension between them. What was MAD? By the early 1960s the superpowers spoke less about nuclear deterrence and more about mutually assured destruction - MAD.

  2. Describe the historical claims of Britain and Argentina to the Falkland Islands

    The problem was that they did not have the strength within them. Although they were patriotic and proud many had been conscripted and had no wish to actually be fighting. They had little training or mental preparation and were ill-equipped.

  1. American History.

    Congress couldn't decide what to do, Taylor had told CA to apply for admission directly]. - Southerners, however, wouldn't accept CA as a free state b/c it would upset the delicate balance between free and slave states - so they tried to make CA a slave state or at least extend the Missouri line.

  2. The origins of the 6 day war -June 1967.

    -May have been trying to bolster Syrian government. -May have hoped that fears about Israeli intentions would draw Egypt & Syria into a defence pact -USSR did not believe that Israel would actually respond to Egyptian action by going to war -US would restrain her. NASSER responded by sending troops into Sinai & on 16th May demanded the withdrawal of UNEF force.

  1. From your reading of 'Chinese Cinderella' what do you find out about Chinese culture ...

    'A tailor had come to our house to measure everyone for new outfits'. Whilst reading 'Chinese Cinderella' I found that Chinese words are little characters. The Chinese language does not have an alphabet and when they write Chinese, they write with a brush using ink which is generally made out of charcoal.

  2. Site visit to Hong Kongs Museum of Coastal Defense

    When I first went to the museum, I made a quick trip around the whole museum to get a feel for how the museum was. In fact what I noticed was that one end of a winding passageway might place you on the top of the cliff with a 360

  1. Communist China a project

    The PLA then swept south and the 300,000 remaining KMT forces fled to Taiwan. A communist government was now formed in china. Mao Tse-tung: Mao Tse-tung was born on December 26, 1893 in a small village. During the 1911 Revolution, Mao cut off his pigtail in an act of defiance

  2. Assess the origins and consequences of the Cultural Revolution in China.

    So they needed hardening in the crucible of revolutionary struggle. The second most significant origin was the political rivalry in the CCP. Mao stepped down as president of the PRC after the disaster of the Great Leap Forward which started the catastrophic famine, diseases, cannibalism and China also failed to meet its industrial targets.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work