• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which of the four factors given was most to blame for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign to achieve its military objective?

Extracts from this document...


Which of the four factors given was most to blame for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign to achieve its military objective? In 1915, World War One spread to the Pacific Ocean, in the Dardanelles. They decided to attack here, because on the Eastern and Western fronts, the trench-warfare in these areas has resulted in a stalemate. This meant a 'quick victory' which the allies had hoped for, had been halted. They now needed another alternative, to attack the Germans. The new 'war council', which was set up to achieve new alternatives, decided to attack through the Dardanelles, to capture Constantinople, and to knock Turkey out of the war. The decided to do this, as if Turkey were knocked out, neighbouring countries like Greece, Bulgaria, and Romania, would join the allies. At the time, it was thought that these three countries would be joining the Central Powers. On the 28th January 1915, the war council decided on an attack on the Dardanelles, using naval ships. However, on the 16th February, they decided also on providing soldiers from the Australian and New Zealand Army Corps (ANZAC's), to assist the Navy, on the ground attack. ...read more.


The Navy then withdrew the rest of the men. With the situation of the hill being the perfect spot for Turkish snipers to sit and look down onto the beach, this is exactly what they did. The Turkish fired on the British, from the exact moment from when the departed the landing boats: "Many were killed in the water, many, who were wounded, were swept away and drowned; others, trying to swim in the fierce current, were drowned by the weight of the equipment." John Maesfield Also, due to how the trenches were positioned, and the great torrents of rain that followed, the trenches themselves, flooded with horrifying consequences: "...In one trench when the flood rose, a pony, a mule, a pig, and two dead Turks were washed over the barricade together..." John Maesfield The second reason for the failure of the Dardanelles campaign, was bad organisation. The first factor why this meant failure for the campaign was of the campaign was that the officers did not synchronise their watches. ...read more.


rations, also lead to sickness among the troops. With bad weather, and poor medical supplies, the situation got worse: "At dark the sleet increased, the mud froze, and there our men lay, most of them without overcoats, and many of them without food..." John Maesfield Also, lack of water was another major problem. As the troops were so far away from fresh water, pipes had to be run into trench, for the troops to drink out of. Shrapnel, enemy troops, and allied troops that had gone 'mad' pierced the supply hoses: "Several men went raving mad from thirst, others assaulted the water guards, pierced the supply hoses, or swam to the lighters to beg for water..." With all of this confusion and exhaustion led to the allied forces advancing in any way, towards the Turks. In conclusion, I do not think that any one factor was to blame for the failure of the campaign, it was a mixture of all of the factors. However, I do believe that the ill thought out plan and poor organisation was probably the main factors to blame, if I had to choose one. I think this because, these two are basically linked, and so they have the most factors to consider. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Dunkirk - A success or failure?

    This source tells us about what it was like in Britain on the return of all of the soldiers and the feeling of the troops as they returned. This is a very valid source as he was present and he is telling us his analysis of what happened after the

  2. Battle Analysis - Dong Ap Bia (Hamburger Hill).

    Fire support for units in contact with the enemy was also decentralized. Artillery, ARA, and close air support were responsive to units down to platoon level. Yet in the evolving, often confusing, maneuver battle, it was inevitable that command and control of supporting fires suffered.

  1. What factors have prompted democratisation in Argentina?

    Galtieri, as Commander-in Chief of the Army had needed support from other services in order to pull off a successful coup to oust General Roberto Viola. In his search for support, he found Anaya, the Navy chief who had a personal grudge against Viola, willing to offer the support of officers loyal to him.

  2. Which of the four reasons below was most to blame for the failure of ...

    If Britain had won on the Dardanelle's then they could have taken over Germany with ease, and also Russia could get their supplies in a more fast and easier way. Turkey and Germany made a pact between each other two days before the war.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work