• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

why a stalemate grew on the western front

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In the First World War, there were a number of reasons why a stalemate grew on the western front. Firstly, there was unexpected Belgian resistance. The Kaiser of Germany expected no resistance from Belgium and expected Belgium to let Germany's army through without confrontation. When the German army advanced into Belgium, they faced opposition from the Belgians. If a Belgian was to shoot at one person at the front, it had a chain reaction effect on the rest of the army. This then disrupted plans of defeating France quickly and the element of surprise was lost. This helped to create a stalemate because it gave time for the French to prepare for the German attack and the BEF also had time to deploy in Belgium. ...read more.

Middle

At Ypres, the British made a stand to stop the 'hook' attack of the plan. This forced Germans to head straight for Paris and abandon the 'hook' attack, but the French were ready for them. A further assumption was that France would be defeated easily. The French were ready for the German attack and were equipped with modern technology such as machine guns. This modern technology was suited to defensive tactics rather than attacking, so the casualty rates on both sides fell. Because the German army marched in a groups of 100's they were mowed down by the French. This helped to create a stalemate because the German army fled to safety when confronted with machine guns. ...read more.

Conclusion

When Von Kluck realised that the Schlieffen plan would not work, he ordered the army to head straight for Paris and abandon the hook strategy. The German army met French defences at Marne. This was where stalemate occurred. Trenches were first dug at Aisne to protect themselves and also to hold onto enemy land that had been invaded. Both sides dug trenches and expanded them. In my opinion the main reason for stalemate is the extra resistance from Belgium and the BEF. I think this because if Belgium had not resisted then the German army would have advanced into France and invaded Paris. France would not have been ready for the German army and would have been easily slaughtered. Also, the BEF would not have joined the opposition and slowed down the attack on France. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Explain how the Schlieffen Plan was meant to work?

    He is saying this because his not sure that they can win this war, and wants to warn the nation that soldiers are going to die; so they aren't shocked when there's a massive number of dead soldiers. Source B is written after the first day of attack; his is

  2. The failure of the Schlieffen Plan - Stalemate.

    * Recruitment committees formed in all regions, using local knowledge * Drives and recruitment marches through smaller towns and villages were very successful. * Massive poster campaigns evoking patriotic and emotive themes * Women were targeted to persuade husbands, boyfriends, brothers, and sons to enlist.

  1. Account for the development of stalemate on the Western Front by the end of ...

    At the top of the chain was the Kaiser followed by Moltke. Of course, Generals quickly lost control of the battle once troops went 'over the top'. Additionally, the field telephone service between the front lines and the rear command was severed immediately once the artillery barrage began, which made

  2. The First World War - questions and answers on the Schlieffen plan, and the ...

    Germany did seem to be having an advantage though: they were advancing very quickly, faster than expected. This turned into a disaster, when the supplies could not keep up with the army, thus making the army short of food, ammunition and medical supplies.

  1. How important was Haig's tactics on the Western Front in bringing an end to ...

    British army into the Somme area was in fact a diversionary tactics to draw some Germans away from Verdun and the French. The French had been very close to defeat, but this tactics proved to go them some breathing space for rebuilding.

  2. Why did a stalemate develop on the Western Front?

    These highly trained units had to be replaced by poorly trained student volunteers. The German's were hoping to wheel around and take Paris. The French troops had been called back from Alsace-Lorraine and ordered to protect the capital. Assisted by the BEF, the two combined army's were able to drive

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work