• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did a student movement develop in the 1960's and 1970's In the USA

Extracts from this document...


Why did a student movement develop in the 1960's and 1970's In the USA? In the 1960's the USA was benefiting from post war affluence. People had more money because their wages had increased. This meant that parents were able to give their children "pocket-money". Children were then able to spend this money on the things that were available at the time. These were things like going to the cinema. In the cinema they could see films made by Hollywood about daredevil young men living on the edge. The films gave the impression it was good to live for the moment, "live fast, die young" This was just what happened to young film star James Dean, he died while driving a very fast car. Films were becoming more adventurous. Sex became more explicit as in films like Ted and Alice, and the Graduate. Six James Bond films, including Dr. No, From Russia With Love, and Gold finger, combined sex and violence and were enormously popular. Previous taboos on sex, violence and language were ignored. Literature also played a part in the development of the student movement, more and more books were being published that broadened the student's minds, making them able to see things from another groups of people point of view. ...read more.


In his songs he would sing about subjects like, nuclear war, racism and the waging of war. The 1960's was also a decade of social unrest, many people were not happy. Many people were campaigning for civil rights and many people were also protesting against government policies. Many students were affected by the campaigning and so many of them joined in with the campaigns. This began to start a lot of political activity within the country's colleges and universities. Students began to join groups; they were able to do this because they had more freedom, for example, in 1967 the oral contraceptive pill became legal, this gave women to option on when they wanted to have children. The students knew that they were going to be the next generation of the country and they wanted to change the way that things were at the time. It was no surprise that by the mid 1960's a lot of the students were heavily involved in the protests. The American president John F. Kennedy was seen by many as an object of optimism, with who they could look forward to what their country was going to become. ...read more.


There were also some troops at the march, who told the students what they had done in Vietnam. The troops were disgusted by their actions and blamed the government. Many of them threw their medals they had received back to the government. Another group of people were also present in the 1960's and 1970's; these were the so-called "hippies". They were also part of the group that marched to Washington DC. The hippies were for peace and against war. The Hippie movement endorsed drugs, rock music, mystic religions and sexual freedom. They opposed violence. . The Woodstock Festival, at which 400,000 young people gathered in a spirit of love and sharing, represents the pinnacle of the hippie movement. Many hippies moved to Haight, Ashbury, in San Francisco, East Village in New York City, or lived in communes. The 1964 Civil Rights Act was amended to include discrimination against gender, because women who even if they were as qualified as a man would only get half of the pay he would receive. In1967 abortion and artificial insemination became legal in most states. This gave the female students the choice of when they wanted to have children and so they did not have to leave school if they accidentally became pregnant. Lucy Wade 10RH ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Free essay

    Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950's and 1960's

    in 1960, aimed to overthrow Diem, get rid of the Americans and reunite north and south Vietnam) had 17,000 members. Also, Diem's policies didn't seem to be encouraging people to accept that his regime was permanent e.g. the persecution of Buddhists (Ngo Dinh Diem supported Catholics)

  2. Why Did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s

    July 1950, a month after the Korean War had finished, President Truman had agreed to send the French supplies worth $15 million, which over the next few years $3 billion was spent on the war against communism. The expression of the "grasshopper fights Elephant" was told by Ho Chi Minh,

  1. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources A to F to explain why there was ...

    For instance "One does not use napalm (a chemical weapon which inflicts terrible burns) on villages and hamlets sheltering civilians..."

  2. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources A to F to explain why there was ...

    The photographer doesn't give his name but probably is American. Also it doesn't state the precise date of when it was taken, it just says, "published during the Vietnam War." Its intended audience was the world and additionally the US public because its purpose was to deliberately show Vietnamese children

  1. IsThere Sufficient Evidence In Sources a-E To Explain Why There Was an Anti-WarMovement In ...

    Soldiers who survived this year gained the experience to the fight skilled guerrillas, which new soldiers could not decipher from ordinary civilians. However, once their year was up, they were free to go home, leaving others to face experienced fighters without adequate training and know-how.

  2. Is there sufficient evidence in sources A-F to explain why there was an anti ...

    The fact that it was a defenceless naked girl, burned by napalm as a result of the U.S. Bombing. The photograph was published during the war, which at the time would have been the photographer's job which later on would have made him a well known name.

  1. Is there sufficient evidence in Sources A-F to explain why there was an anti-war ...

    It is useful evidence to explain why there was an anti war movement because it agrees with the things I already know about the American soldiers. I know they were young and there was a high death rate. Their average age was 19 and 43% of soldiers died in the first three months.

  2. Why did the USA become involved in Vietnam in the 1950s and 1960s?

    They knew they had the support of the peasants so they launched a terror campaign on the South Vietnamese Government. This was why Kennedy decided to increase US involvement even further by sending more advisors into Vietnam to help to train the Army of the Republic of Vietnam (ARVN).

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work