• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did bolsheviks win civil war

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Bolsheviks win the Civil War? The Bolsheviks had successfully negotiated peace with Germany, and Russia's role in the First World War had come to an end when the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed in March 1917. They could not however, avoid a civil war in Russia. The Bolsheviks were made to fight for control of the country. The Russian Civil War took place between the summer of 1918 until the beginning of 1921. During this period the Bolsheviks faced huge opposition to their rule in the form of the White Armies, which were led by the former officers of the Tsarist State, and also from the intervention by the forces of foreign countries. Even though the Bolsheviks had limited control outside of central and wester Russia they still managed a complete victory and therefore the establishment of Russian Communism went ahead unchallenged. This essay will address the factors and strengths the Bolsheviks had in turn with the 'Whites' weaknesses that enabled them to win the Civil War. Although the Bolsheviks had limited control outside of central and western Russia, it was these areas that were the most important, as they included the cities Petrograd and Moscow, with Moscow now the new capital city of Russia. ...read more.

Middle

Trotsky became Commissar for war in the Bolshevik government. He was a great improvisor and had excellent organisational skills. He created the Red Army from the Red Guards and from the remnants of the old Tsarist army; this army was much better organised than the White Armies who were made up of different groups, who had entirely different aims and beliefs and no one person was in charge of the White forces. Whereas the Bolsheviks had Lenin, the Whites had several rival people in charge, such as Yudenich, Kolchak and Denikin, who were all vying for control. They were all ambitious men and each was determined to take control for Russia for himself. Co-operation between these leaders was difficult as they could not agree on whether they were fighting for monarchism, republicanism or for the Constituent Assembly. These different opinions meant that the Whites had little chance of developing a coordinated military strategy, as often the White generals would not work together because they did not like or trust each other and they were all suspicious of each others motives. As a result, there was virtually no cooperation between the various White Armies as they fought independently, making it easier for the Red Army to defeat each of them individually. ...read more.

Conclusion

In this way, support for the Bolsheviks was organised and built up successfully. The Bolsheviks were also handed a propaganda coup in the form of the intervention if foreign forces, which should've have worked in the Whites favour but didn't because it allowed the Bolsheviks to portray themselves as defenders of Russian soil against foreign invaders. Having a successful propaganda campaign enabled the Bolsheviks to receive large amounts of support from the peasants, which would be crucial since they supplied the main body of the soldiers. Lenin used successful propaganda to gain the support of the peasants who otherwise had little love for either side but the peasants would also have been more inclines to support the Bolsheviks as Lenin had legitimised their right to lands, whereas the Whites made it clear that the land would be restored to its former owners. By the end of the Civil War in 1921 the Bolsheviks had succeeded in securing their grip on power in Russia and the White Armies and foreign powers fighting in Russia had been defeated. The Bolsheviks were able to win the Civil War because they were in a well placed located that enabled them to be organised in unity, under good leadership, which used propaganda to maintain large amounts of support.1 1 Sabaah Gulbar LV2 Sabaah Gulbar LV2 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Other Historical Periods section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Other Historical Periods essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Was the War Measures act necessary for the October Crisis

    4 star(s)

    The act resulted in 497 people getting arrested, 62 of those were charged and 32 of them without bail. Perhaps if the FLQ did not murder Pierre Laporte the War Measures Act would not be invoked, but if a murder goes un-noticed, after the victim is kidnapped from his own home, then the actions will only escalate.

  2. Why did William win the Battle of Hastings?

    The leaders of the fyrd, (the thegns) were strong and had swords and javelins but the rest of the men were inexperienced fighters and many were simple thugs there unadvanced weapons such as iron-studded clubs, scythes, slings, reaping-hooks and hay-forks were no where near as advanced as willaims calvery and accuriate archers.

  1. How and why did the Bolsheviks gain power in 1917?

    - the majority. On the 22nd of January, 1905, a lone Priest of the Russian Orthodox Church led an organized march of workers and their families towards the Winter Palace. This peaceful protest was aimed at gaining the Tsar's attention to the deteriorated conditions within Russia.

  2. Explain why the Bolsheviks and Mensheviks Split in 1903

    They wanted to see the workers develop effective trade unions to defend their own interests. This is very much the Marxist, or communist view. Lenin believed that there should be a revolution straight away. The Mensheviks believed that, for the government to be effective, they would need to co-operate with

  1. Maos Leadership was the crucial factor in the Communists winning the 1945 Civil War. ...

    The Communists? message and their promise of change was everywhere, and the prospect of a new reformed China was irresistible. More and more people believed in the promised Communist future, and this belief was invaluable, because it brought yet more supporters for the Communist cause and therefore brought the Communists closer to victory.

  2. In the context of India in the 1840s to 1947, how far can independence ...

    his own conduct in other respects, and it is one of the points where I have found myself in painful disagreement.?[13] Subsequently, in 1916 the collaborative agreement between the INC and the Muslim League, the Lucknow Pact, aimed to give the Indian people more authority in the running of their own country.

  1. Despite frequent changes in policy, Russian and Soviet governments were spectacularly unsuccessful in securing ...

    Eventually, Khrushchev was removed from power and in his place came Brezhnev who did little to change the economy. The era of Brezhnev has often been described as ?a period of economic stagnation? but some historians believe that this is not fair.

  2. Notes on Cleopatra and her links with Rome

    glory of the Ptolemaic Empire and secure Egypt and the Egyptian throne for her descendants. For this she would need the support of Rome. Her cunning, her intelligence, her seductiveness, her physical endurance and her diplomacy helped her in securing the empire and her survival.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work