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Why did the 1905 revolution fail to overthrow the Tsarist regime?

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Introduction

´╗┐Why did the 1905 revolution fail to overthrow the Tsarist regime? It can be argued that the 1905 Revolution was little much more than outbreaks of rage with the intention of forcing concessions rather than revolutionary actions to overthrow the government, despite this however the revolution was still a large threat to the Tsardom, in defiance of this the Tsardom remained after 1905, not without its wounds however. Although the Tsar was not overthrown many commentators would say it was still an important foreshadowing event for the 1917 revolution. In every despotic regime the army is a key part, as one of the four pillars of Tsarist Russia they supported Nicholas during the revolution after returning from the Russo-Japanese war. Albeit the Army were not only loyal to him because they wholly supported the Tsardom, once and only once the army had received pay and changes to conditions of service it supported the Tsar fully, and were employed in putting down the revolution in the cities and later revolts in the countryside. He benefited as whole and their willingness to destroy the Soviets, in particular the St Petersburg soviet which was stormed and the leaders arrested, this way the Army stopped the Soviets before they could cause damage to the regime. ...read more.

Middle

One can say that if the revolution had a clear leader, who led with a clear message that all opposition agreed with, they could have overthrown the Tsar, albeit the army would have still stood in their way. For this reason it can be said that the disunity of the opposition was not as important as the loyalty of the Army, we cannot know if the revolution would have been successful because of the size, loyal and strength of the army. Furthermore, the Middle Classes who were formed via Witte?s industrialisation were scared of Anarchy; one former Marxist (Peter Struve) said ?Thank God for the Tsar who saved us from the people? after he opened his home to peasants who subsequently ruined his home. Many Middle Class liberals lost interest after the Manifesto as they felt that they had got what they wanted. As the Middle Classes repented revolutionary action and wanted to return to authority and control it meant Nicholas had disabled another opposition segment this considerably aided Nicholas, the new middle classes were the one group who appeared to know where to hit the Tsardom because they were brought together by the modernisation. ...read more.

Conclusion

This further pleased those against the Tsardom, as what they got from the manifesto was actually going to happen. In all, the Tsarist Regime had managed to survive the 1905 Revolution with its institutions intact, the brutal way via the army that the Tsar Supressed his people meant that he lost their already straining affection and respect which was replaced by fear alone. It is clear that without the army the Tsarist system would have disintegrated under the pressure applied by the albeit unorganised and somewhat disunited opposition. Although it can be argued that the disunited opposition were the overriding reason for the lack of revolutionary success, the revolt itself never truly had revolutionary characteristics, instead suggests Beryl Williams that it was sparked by sudden depression and war rather than fundamental economic causes and was more to do with freedom and dignity, than the policies of political groups or socialist parties whose activists were often seen as outsiders divorced from local concerns. Whereas previous to the revolution Nicholas? policies were that of a school boy during the revolt he acted carefully and wisely as to avoid a full scale revolution however it can be said that from giving in to the demands to the people sparked a new period of people power which resulted in the 1917 revolution. ...read more.

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