• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the French regime collapse in 1789?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the anci?ne regime collapse in 1789? There are a number of reasons to why the ancien r?gime collapsed in 1789, but they can be divided into long and short term causes of which they include the way France was governed, its deeply divided structure, the Enlightment and spread of ideas which challenged this structure, the financial and political crisis and France?s foreign policy. These reasons got mixed up together giving rise to the famous journ?es and popular movements which led to the revolution in 1789. France was an absolute monarchy ruled by the Bourbons, the King was responsible only to God and answerable to no one on Earth. There were also many independent bodies such as the Assembly of the Clergy, which had rights and priviledges, and many ministers and advisers to which the king, Louis XVI had to consult before making laws. ...read more.

Middle

Moreover, privileges from the clergy and the nobility hugely enlarged the divisions between the three states and created a feeling of resentment towards the system which grew larger with the Enlightenment, which was an intelectual movement started by the ?philisophes?. Their analysis of society was based on reason and rational thought, rather than supersticion and tradition. They were in favour of liberty and wanted equally before the law. Although they were not necessarily opposed to the regime they had an impact on the outbreak of the Revolution as they influenced people?s perspectives and ideas and was therefore one of the key factor and starting points of the Revolution. France?s economic crisis was probably the most important factor when deciding why did the ancien r?gime collapsed in 1789. The French monarchy had bankrupted itself from expensive wars for centuries. ...read more.

Conclusion

This frightened the King who decided to use military force and ordered troops to be moved to Paris. This caused alarm in the capital and it became obvious that the King and his advisers had decided to dissolve the National Assembly, by force if necessary. Therefore we can say that together with Louis XVI`s weak personality, his decision to use military force caused the start of the popular movements, or journ?es, such as the capture of the Bastille, which would give the final stroke to the ancien regime given its symbolic importance. In conclusion, and answering the question of why did the anciene regime collapse, we can say that the mayor themes were Louis XVI?s ineffiency both in character and in making decisions, movements such as the Enlightenment which made people reconsider their conditions on society, the economic crisis caused by France ?s foreign policy and bad harvests, and the way France was governed including the taxation system which enlarged the divisions between the Three Estates and their living styles. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Major Causes of French Revolution

    4 star(s)

    start the revolution), like a 'revolutionary psychology' or game plan- the grounds were prepared for other means rather than ambitions. Wolf states that peasants were often spectators of political struggles and the peasants were slow to rise because they were too far away to understand what was happening in the 'city'.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Explain how the effects of the First World War caused the collapse of the ...

    4 star(s)

    Without the effects of the First World War, the Bolshevik revolution wouldn't have happened. The social and economic problems in Russia were bad. There were land shortages and food shortages because there was very little land that was available to live or farm on.

  1. How far were the ideas of the philosophes responsible for the outbreak of the ...

    These long-term factors created a framework on which the revolution took place. Many countries were also experiencing similar problems, there were riots in London, Brussels and Amsterdam, however nowhere experienced the complete collapse of royal power, and so it is obvious that revolution in France was fuelled by short-term factors.

  2. Hitler and the Nazi Regime - revision sheet.

    Hitler was portrayed as wise, and imperious. Nude women were often painted to show perfect specimens. Hitler thought true art should be art of the masses in relative taste and in reaching mass audiences which would make propaganda more effective. The state was involved in its content and how it spread.

  1. Hindenburg and the Causes of Mullers government collapse.

    It is in the constitution and the president can employ it whenever they fell necessary. Article was extremely important in the breakdown of politics because it undermines the whole system of democracy, where the country can be ruled by a dictator.

  2. How important were the financial problems of the French Crown in bringing about the ...

    In the 18th century, France was involved in the War of Austrian Succession and the Seven Years War. However, in order to extract revenge from the British, the French sought involvement in the American War of Independence, which took place in the latter half of the century.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work