• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Liberals win and the Conservatives lose the 1906 Election?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Liberals Win and the Conservatives Lose the 1906 Election? It is evident that the reason why the liberals won the 1906 election was because of the mistakes made by the conservatives, leading up to the poll. There are many factors to be examined, why may have contributed to the liberal win of the 1906 election. The conservative's mistakes include the Boer War and how it was badly fought, the introduction of Tariff Reforms by Joseph Chamberlain, Balfour's poor leadership style and the 1902 Education Act. The liberals also had some strengths, such as their belief in free trade, their tax policies, and how they were voted for by people in protest of the conservatives. We must also take into account the interests of Middles and Working Class people. Although all four of these factors contributed to the liberal win of the 1906 election, the most important one is the mistakes that were made by the conservatives. As previously stated, it is apparent that it was down to the Conservatives weaknesses as the reason why the liberals won the 1906 election. Their weaknesses consist of four main factors: The Boer War (1899-1902), the 1902 Education Act, Tariff Reform which was introduced by Joseph Chamberlain, and finally Balfour's personality and poor leadership style. ...read more.

Middle

It is apparent that, compared to others, this factor has very little significance in the reason why the liberals won the 1906 election. Citizens may have also voted for the liberals in protest to what the conservatives were doing to the country. This is a reasonably strong factor compared to the others, because the liberals played on the conservative's weaknesses, and so looked more appealing to voters. For example, when Tariff Reform was brought into the conservative party by Joseph Chamberlain, the Liberals then strongly believed in Free Trade, therefore making their party look more attractive to the working class. As stated previously, the middle class people blamed the conservative government for the way in which it was fought. This would have consequently led middle class individuals away from voting for the conservatives, and towards choosing the liberals. The liberals may have also won the 1906 election because of the unions within it, although this would have been a less important factor. Unions such as the ILP (Independent Labour Party) may have attracted votes, because it was thought that only a new socialist/working class party could represent the working class properly. A Labour Representation Committee (LRC) was also formed, and were sympathetic to socialism but not keen on state ownership, this party, although, was not massively different from New Liberalism. ...read more.

Conclusion

The liberals, of course, believed solely in free trade and selling items for its face price. You can see from this short section on the middle class interests, that they didn't really influence the 1906 election, whereas the working class had greater dominance in the voting. From reading through this analysis of my view on why the Liberals won, and the Conservatives lost the 1906 election, you can see that my main argument is that it was down to the many mistakes that the conservatives made, that lost them the victory to the liberals. This is in comparison to the other three main points that I set out, which consisted of the Liberal strengths, the working class interest and the middle class interests. The middle class were the least influential as to why the liberals won the 1906 election, compared to the working class interests, who had many views on the way that the conservative government was run. You can clearly see the reasons why the conservative government in the early 1900's were not the most popular of groups, and why they were taken over by the liberal government in the 1906 general election, gaining 49.4% of the vote compared to the 43.4% that the conservatives got. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level British History: Monarchy & Politics essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the Liberals lose the 1874 election?

    5 star(s)

    Though, generally speaking the Conservatives did manage to swing votes from stereotypically Liberal areas such as Lancashire. Naturally, the Conservatives having a broader appeal winning more votes will have been an important reason for the Liberals losing the 1874 election.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Why did the Liberals win the General Election of 1906?

    3 star(s)

    Nonconformists opposed the Act arguing that it was introducing a charge so that brewers could compensate for losses. It can be seen therefore that whilst in some areas the Acts were successful, in other areas they deeply wounded the Conservatives.

  1. Why did Labour win the 1945 election and lose in the 1951 election?

    Evidently, the Conservatives were punished in 1945, when they were lucky to not have been in 1935 and, arguably, if elections had taken place in 1940, Labour may have won. The war had played a crucial role in Labour's 1945 victory, by bringing them into the public eye - they

  2. Resistance to slavery.

    Again these revolts were unsuccessful. The Jamaica Revolt of 1685 A very serious slave revolt, which resulted in the death of several white settlers, and the proclamation of martial law, that lasted for several months. The Guadeloupe Revolts of 1710 & 1752 The Jamaica Revolt of 1760 Approximately sixty whites were killed in this rebellion.

  1. To What Extent Was Joseph Chamberlain's Tariff Reform Campaign Responsible for The Conservatives Defeat ...

    Added to this was the issue of Chinese slavery, a humanitarian issue that heard many a cry of 'cheap labour'. Suddenly the employed working class began to get worried as they feared for their jobs, seeing as employing foreigners was significantly cheaper and more economical.

  2. 'It was not the liberals who won but the conservatives who lost' discuss

    The Boer war was an event that originally gained many Conservatives the vote in 1900, however this was only short term, and eventually it may have been a factor that contributed to their final defeat in the 1906 election. At the beginning of the war people voted Conservative because they believed they were patriotic and would win them their victory.

  1. How important was the Boer War in the Liberal election victory of 1906?

    Joseph Chamberlain tried to use the unity of the Empire fostered by the Boer War to promote the idea of Tariff Reform. Its purpose was to create an imperial internal market this would promote trade within the Empire and through the erection of Tariff walls discourage trade from outside it.

  2. Why did the Conservatives lose the 1929 election?

    The Conservatives could have used Chamberlains extensive programme of slum clearance, de-rating and local government reform policies in the election. The Conservatives also could have used Davidsons plan to introduce a large scale policy of colonial development in order to stimulate industry and employment, create new markets and show that Conservatives were still full of energy.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work