• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Reds win and the Whites lose the civil war?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Reds win and the Whites lose the civil war? Initial opposition to the Bolsheviks was limited, but they were attacked by opposition forces immediately after the October Revolution. This opposition grew after the signing of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. To answer the question therefore I will look at all aspects of the civil war to better understand the strengths and weaknesses of each of the forces. The White Army was the title given to the groups that opposed the Bolshevik take-over and suggests a unity that they did not have, in truth the only common factor that they shared was a desire to remove the Bolsheviks. Groups like the national minorities gave limited support and this was not helped by slogans like "Russia One and Indivisible". ...read more.


He organised the recruiting of 50000 ex-Tsarist officers, and ensured their loyalty by pairing them with political commissars and threatening their families. He introduced strict discipline, with the death penalty for desertion. His unflagging spirit kept morale high at a time when other Bolshevik leaders were unconvinced about their chances of winning, coupled with frequent visits to the fronts in order to galvanise the troops. He also ensured that the Red Army was kept well fed and equipped. Unlike the White Armies the Red Army had one aim- to survive the Civil War and come out victorious. The Reds had greater ease of communication since they had control of Petrograd and Moscow, from which the railway network radiated. The economy was geared for war by War communism. ...read more.


Trotsky was the organisational driving force behind the entire Red Army something the Whites lacked. He also provided a cohesive base again something that the Whites did not have. Further to this the Whites lacked control the ability to control industry and agriculture in the areas that they had control of, whereas the Reds could not only implement such policies, they could also enforce them. Finally the Reds had the common support of the majority of the people, along with being seen as less of a threat to their position than the various White groups were. From all of these reasons it can be deduced that not only were the Reds better prepared and better able to deal with a war, but also that it was inevitable that the Whites would lose. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    "The Soviet Regime is overthrown and Bolshevism suffered complete defeat on all the territory which is now subordinated to the Committee of Members of the All-Russian Constituent Assembly"9. The Komuch was the Committee of Constituent Assembly which composed mainly of Socialist Revolutionaries which makes me question the typicality as they

  2. Why did the Reds win the civil war

    This meant they remained loyal throughout. Trotsky also inserted discipline into the reds army. He did this by installing harsh military discipline - that included the death penalty - into the army. However these harsh methods meant loyalty was ensured as well as commitment. An additional reason the reds won the war was because of their geographical advantage.

  1. "Why did the nationalists lose the civil war?"

    The communists believed that revolution, according to Marx theory, should be led from the cities while a smaller group in the party believed that the key to revolution was in the country side, where most of the population lived, in the Jianxi province; this was led by Mao Zedong, a member of the CCP.

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    engaged by fire, entered an open gate, passed around one sewer pipe barrier and between two others, flattened the Sergeant of the Guard's sandbagged booth at the building's entrance, penetrated the lobby of the building and detonated while the majority of the occupants slept.

  1. How far do you agree with the proposition that the outcome of the civil ...

    fronts to help repel the attack using the Railway network radiating from Moscow. The Reds also had control of the area in which Russia's main engineering and armaments factories were located, which gave them the capacity to manufacture new weapons.

  2. Why the Whites lost the Civil War of Russia.

    Allied help did not figure much if this was measured by involvement of troops in fighting � The British provision of material to Denikin and Kolchak was substantial but not sufficient when compared to the Reds who inherited the tsarist stocks � The White armies could not establish political stability.

  1. Why did the South lose the Civil War?

    total Southern output; the North had a virtual monopoly on heavy industries; coal, iron, woollens, armaments, shipyards, machine shops - all were plentiful in the North and scarce in the South. The Union infrastructure was far better, with twice the density of railroads, and several times the mileage of canals and well-surfaced roads.

  2. American Civil War (1861-1865).

    Paying a fee or finding a substitute could avoid Service. On April 27, Union General Hooker crossed the Rappahannock River to attack General Lee's forces. Lee split his army, attacking a surprised Union army in three places and almost completely defeated them.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work