• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Reds win the civil war

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Reds win the civil war? In 1918 a Civil war broke out in Russia. Different historians have different explanations on why the war broke out. Some historians state the reason for the war was the foreign intervention of other countries such as Germany. However others give the Bolsheviks October revolution as the reason for the civil war. There were three main parties fighting in the war. They were the Reds, Whites and the Greens. The Reds were the Bolsheviks. They were fighting to retain the power they seized in the October revolution. The Whites mainly consisted of Tsarists officers and supporters. They were fighting to overthrow the Bolsheviks and to seize power. The Greens were the peasants. They were fighting for land. The Reds were the eventual winners of the civil war. One of the main reasons for the Reds wining the war was because of its strong leadership. ...read more.


This influenced in particular the peasantry, as they were desperate for land. The Bolsheviks also used foreign intervention as a source of propaganda by claiming that they were defending the Russian people against foreign invasion. The main social group in Russia was the peasantry, as 80% of the population fell into this category. This meant that their support would be crucial for either side. The peasants were not eager to support either group however the Bolsheviks offered them land whereas the Whites made it apparent the land would not be distributed to them. This meant it was in the peasants favour to fight for the Reds. This gave the Reds the advantage on the numbers in their army. This meant they often out numbered the Whites armies and made disputes easier to win. Not only did the Reds have significant factors in their favour that helped them to win the war. ...read more.


However eventually the British and French evacuated the White's forces in the Crimea. Also one of the White armies generals, Denikin resigned from his position. This led to the Reds claiming victory in the Civil war. The Red army claimed victory in the civil war in 1920. There were many reasons why they won the war. They range from their extreme organisation to the Whites extreme lack of organisation. However the main reason the Reds won the war is because of their leader Trotsky. Trotsky incorporated all the main factors mentioned that included organisation and unity into the Red army that meant they were successful in their war effort. If it was not for Trotsky the reds would of suffered from lack of discipline, organisation and support as the White army did. However even though the Red army was victorious in the military sense of a war, some said that in political and social terms, the war would never end. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. To what extent did the foreign intervention influence the outcome of the Spanish Civil ...

    "he had combined twenty Falangists, eight Carlists, five generals and seventeen from other parties" according to Lee. Therefore, as Lee argues, Franco "was able to bind them together while, at the same time, preventing any of them from becoming too dominant and introducing embarrassingly radical policies.

  2. How far were White weaknesses responsible for Red success in Russian Civil War?

    on producing war materials and would not run out easily or rely on other powers to supply them like the Whites did. Moreover, having control over heavily populated urban areas also offered the Reds the ability to conscript large numbers to fight, so that by 1921, the Red army had

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    that there was no South Lebanon Army left for him to lead. The conduct of the Hizballah guerrillas in the areas previously held by the SLA was most honourable. Revenge killings, mass murders, and massacres that many feared would take place did not occur.

  2. 'Generals win battles, resources win wars.' How far does your study of the period ...

    and the weight of each shot doubled from four pounds to eight. He was also the first to use "mass armies", his levee en masse ensured that, at any time, he had mobilised a large pool of soldiers to use.

  1. To what extent was the Civil War the main factor in the Bolshevik

    "The Soviet Regime is overthrown and Bolshevism suffered complete defeat on all the territory which is now subordinated to the Committee of Members of the All-Russian Constituent Assembly"9. The Komuch was the Committee of Constituent Assembly which composed mainly of Socialist Revolutionaries which makes me question the typicality as they

  2. Why did the Reds win and the Whites lose the civil war?

    The economy was geared for war by War communism. This was seen as a harsh measure, as it ignored the human issues- many peasants starved, but was successful since the Red Army and workers were fed. Nationalisation of the industries and farms let grain and goods be requisitioned for the use of the Red Army or the industry in towns.

  1. American Civil War (1861-1865).

    Paying a fee or finding a substitute could avoid Service. On April 27, Union General Hooker crossed the Rappahannock River to attack General Lee's forces. Lee split his army, attacking a surprised Union army in three places and almost completely defeated them.

  2. “Generals Win Battles, Resources Win Wars”. How Far Does Your Study of the Period ...

    Otherwise, a 'general' is one who commands a force of men. He need not necessarily hold the named rank, but is the one who makes the decisions that directly affect the course of war, managing resources and being obeyed by all others on and off the field.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work