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Why did the U.S lose the Vietnam War?

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Andrew Jefferson Coursework Candidate no. 9091 Why did the U.S lose the Vietnam War? The U.S lost the Vietnam War for many reasons. In this short essay I will write about the reasons to the United States 'failure' in Vietnam. Although there were many reasons I cannot mention all of them, so I have detailed the most important factors. I will start my essay with a brief history of Vietnam. In 1939, Vietnam was part of an area known as French Indo-China. Before the years of French power in the Far East, Vietnam was ruled by the Chinese, who were a communist country. In 1940, the French were defeated by the Germans in the Second World War. Paris was now controlled by Hitler. This made it increasingly difficult for the French to keep control of Indo-china. A lot of Vietnamese people saw this as an opportunity for independence. The French were not helped by the presence of the Japanese in the area. The Vietminh was then set up through Ho Chi Minh and Nguyen Vo Giap, in the year of 1941.The Vietminh, also known as 'The league for the independence of Vietnam', had one aim: to establish an independent Vietnam, free of foreign domination. ...read more.


The Vietcong had similar tactics to the Americans in one way. The American soldiers were told to search and destroy. The Vietcong were told to hit and run. The Vietcong tactics were very successful and played an important role for Vietnam's success over America and its allies. The V.C morale was very good because they knew they had a chance of winning. The Vietcong realized that there tactics were working well against the American troops. The Vietcong's attitudes towards the war also signalled that the morale was good and although most of the Vietcong knew that they were going to die, they didn't stop fighting. For example most of the Vietcong troops believed that they were born to fight and die, fighting for what they wanted in South Vietnam. The Vietcong had the advantage of fighting in their homeland and knowing the areas well. The Vietcong had the disadvantage in weaponry as they could not afford the hi-tech weapons like the Americans had; but the determination of the Vietcong helped and improved their morale. The public in America had turned against the war. Their opinion was so important because it was them who once held the support of the troops and the president. ...read more.


Nixon had used illegal methods to get evidence against Ellsberg, such as bugging his telephone line. This information given out to the public put pressure on Nixon and although the documents, being released at this time, had nothing to do with Nixon; the papers/documents proved harmful to him. Nixon used illegal methods to try and cover up leaks from the White House and increasing pressure upon him forced him to resign in 1974. The resignation of Johnson led to the 'farce' of Nixons reign as president and it was during Nixon's time as president the truth of the Vietnam War was told to the world. In conclusion I think that the reason why America lost the Vietnam War was because of the U.S government itself, and although the troops, the fighting, the tactics and the morale of both sides in Vietnam played a big part, in my opinion it was how the U.S government handled the situations they got themselves into. I also think that it would have helped if the U.S government really knew what they were getting involved in. The politics of War, for example: the release of the Pentagon Papers, were also vital in the Americans loss as they included everything about the countries involvement and brought on pressure from the public themselves. With no public backing the American government secretly admitted to defeat. ...read more.

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