• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the U.S lose the Vietnam War?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Andrew Jefferson Coursework Candidate no. 9091 Why did the U.S lose the Vietnam War? The U.S lost the Vietnam War for many reasons. In this short essay I will write about the reasons to the United States 'failure' in Vietnam. Although there were many reasons I cannot mention all of them, so I have detailed the most important factors. I will start my essay with a brief history of Vietnam. In 1939, Vietnam was part of an area known as French Indo-China. Before the years of French power in the Far East, Vietnam was ruled by the Chinese, who were a communist country. In 1940, the French were defeated by the Germans in the Second World War. Paris was now controlled by Hitler. This made it increasingly difficult for the French to keep control of Indo-china. A lot of Vietnamese people saw this as an opportunity for independence. The French were not helped by the presence of the Japanese in the area. The Vietminh was then set up through Ho Chi Minh and Nguyen Vo Giap, in the year of 1941.The Vietminh, also known as 'The league for the independence of Vietnam', had one aim: to establish an independent Vietnam, free of foreign domination. ...read more.

Middle

The Vietcong had similar tactics to the Americans in one way. The American soldiers were told to search and destroy. The Vietcong were told to hit and run. The Vietcong tactics were very successful and played an important role for Vietnam's success over America and its allies. The V.C morale was very good because they knew they had a chance of winning. The Vietcong realized that there tactics were working well against the American troops. The Vietcong's attitudes towards the war also signalled that the morale was good and although most of the Vietcong knew that they were going to die, they didn't stop fighting. For example most of the Vietcong troops believed that they were born to fight and die, fighting for what they wanted in South Vietnam. The Vietcong had the advantage of fighting in their homeland and knowing the areas well. The Vietcong had the disadvantage in weaponry as they could not afford the hi-tech weapons like the Americans had; but the determination of the Vietcong helped and improved their morale. The public in America had turned against the war. Their opinion was so important because it was them who once held the support of the troops and the president. ...read more.

Conclusion

Nixon had used illegal methods to get evidence against Ellsberg, such as bugging his telephone line. This information given out to the public put pressure on Nixon and although the documents, being released at this time, had nothing to do with Nixon; the papers/documents proved harmful to him. Nixon used illegal methods to try and cover up leaks from the White House and increasing pressure upon him forced him to resign in 1974. The resignation of Johnson led to the 'farce' of Nixons reign as president and it was during Nixon's time as president the truth of the Vietnam War was told to the world. In conclusion I think that the reason why America lost the Vietnam War was because of the U.S government itself, and although the troops, the fighting, the tactics and the morale of both sides in Vietnam played a big part, in my opinion it was how the U.S government handled the situations they got themselves into. I also think that it would have helped if the U.S government really knew what they were getting involved in. The politics of War, for example: the release of the Pentagon Papers, were also vital in the Americans loss as they included everything about the countries involvement and brought on pressure from the public themselves. With no public backing the American government secretly admitted to defeat. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. Why did the South lose the American Civil War?

    as the Confederacy had only been formed a short time before the war. Many southerners therefore had loyalty to individual states rather than the Confederacy as a whole. However, what the Southerners did possess was a hatred for the 'Yankees' and soldiers who believed they were fighting for liberty and their rights.

  2. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    His only request, the president told Stalin, was for some public commitment to future elections in order to satisfy his constituents at home for whom "the big issues .

  1. American History.

    - Then in the Presidential Election of 1840 the Whigs, now nationally organized, used the economic crisis to attack the Democrats and promote their candidate, William Henry Harrison and his running mate John Tyler ["Tippecanoe and Tyler Too"]. - Harrison's grassroots campaigning strategies worked, and he beat Van Buren -

  2. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    SLA units throughout the security zone began to disintegrate almost immediately after Israeli troops began pulling out of the central sector and abandoned large stocks of heavy weapons and armored vehicles to advancing Hezbollah guerrillas, forcing the Israeli Airforce to divert aircraft from ground support missions to the destruction of SLA arms caches.

  1. America In Vietnam, 1953-73

    Which do you prefer? Plan A - Withdrawal all troops from Vietnam immediately - 19%. Plan B - Withdraw all troops by end of 1970 - 22%. Plan C - Withdraw troops but take as many years to do this as are needed to turn the war over to the South Vietnamese - 40%.

  2. The Vietnam War – G.C.S.E. History Coursework

    Can we trust him to think back 20 years accurately and reliably? Source 20 tells us that the AWM stopped the nuclear bombing of Vietnam. It claims that the AWM was the rational view behind the headstrong American government. It claims that the AWM had a massive impact on the final outcome of the war situation.

  1. Vietnam - reasons the US lost the war.

    People would go against Diem by supporting Ho Chi Minh and some examples are the way they responded to his government, setting up trails to get from the north to the south. Many saw Ho Chi Minh as a God figure in Vietnam.

  2. I will be looking at how the U.S became increasingly involved Vietnam, the problems ...

    that they had to keep increasing the amount of troops, money and firepower they were putting into war so they could destroy the communists. The USA was also fighting against it's own people - the protestors. The US government had to increase involvement so they could get a result and

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work