• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why had a Cold War developed by 1949?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why had a Cold War developed by 1949? The Cold War started for a variety of reasons. There were long and short term causes for the war as two sides once joined by a wartime alliance during the Second World War found themselves enemies. The U.S.A and U.S.S.R were engaged in a cold war by 1949. The deeply set long term cause of the war was the ideological differences between the two sides, U.S.A and U.S.S.R. The attitudes of both sides to society was completely opposite, whilst U.S.A thought the most important thing was individual freedom from control of the government, the U.S.S.R controlled the lives of civilians and thought that the welfare of the state was the most important thing. The U.S.A, a capitalist country, believed that capitalism was the best way of life and wanted to protect the world from communism. The U.S.S.R wanted everyone to be communist and was bitterly opposed to capitalism. The U.S.S.R had become a superpower, on the same level of U.S.A in the industrial boom in the 1920's and the 1930's but had a completely different attitude to economics. ...read more.

Middle

The U.S.A developed the atomic bomb, making U.S.S.R. feel threatened and uneasy until they too split the atom later on. This created a feeling of competition between the sides, increasing the deep hatred between the U.S.A and U.S.S.R. The U.S.S.R.'s ambitions on Eastern Europe grew and the Red Army began expanding into Czechoslovakia, Hungary, and Romania etc. This created an iron curtain separating Europe between areas of Soviet control and the west. The U.S.A was determined to prevent a communist dominance of the world and in 1947 the Truman Doctrine was developed. This was worked on the concept of containment, to stop the soviet government expanding further but not to push it back. This was shortly followed by Marshall Aid which, although blocked by congress at first, was started in 1947 following the communist takeover of Czechoslovakia. Marshall Aid gave money to the countries free from communism to make them strong enough to resist a Soviet takeover. This infuriated Stalin who saw it as an attempt to make U.S.A business dominate Europe. The U.S.S.R became even more determined to spread communism. The split of Germany between Britain, France and U.S.A and the U.S.S.R did not run smoothly. ...read more.

Conclusion

The whole event had made the allies very angry and distanced the two sides further as their hatred for one another grew. An air of competition between the success of communism or capitalism was created. Later two distinct armed sides were formed and U.S.A and U.S.S.R were officially enemies. The U.S.A joined N.A.T.O, a western alliance and in 1955 the U.S.S.R made the Warsaw Pact, an eastern alliance. This created a huge rift; East against West and a cold war was well underway. Although the sides never were in direct conflict, the war was one of words and politics rather than actions. The sides that were once united drifted apart after their common interest of defeating Hitler and the Nazi's was achieved. The reason for this distance between the sides can always be put down to their ideological differences as they never wanted the same things and were bound to come into conflict. A series of triggers happened after the end of WWII to further distance the underlying rift of the two sides' different ideals. U.S.A and U.S.S.R were official enemies by the 1950's due to a mixture of long and short term triggers and causes. Katie Lindridge 11M ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level International History, 1945-1991 essays

  1. How far was the USSR responsible for the outbreak of the Cold War?

    This went hand in hand with the Marshall Plan which offered economic help for European reconstruction initially offered to most European countries, even the communist states. Kennan's Long Telegram had the largest impact here, as Marshall adopted Kennan's vision of building a European bulwark against Soviet expansion, as the economic

  2. The Cold War was a big rivalry that developed after World War II.

    The attack was poorly planned and failed badly. The unsuccessful invasion strengthened Castro's control of Cuba, and it caused the United States to lose face. Kennedy and Khrushchev met in Vienna, Austria, in June 1961. Khrushchev demanded a free Berlin and an end of the military occupation.

  1. This graduation paper is about U.S. - Soviet relations in Cold War period. Our ...

    2.3 The Marshall Plan. The chief virtue of the plan Marshall and his aides were Grafting was its fusion of these political and economic concerns. As Truman told a Baylor University audience in March 1947, "peace, freedom, and world trade are indivisible.

  2. The Sino-Soviet Split

    The Chinese invented commune, for instance, a structure that reaped better results than the Russian collective farming system, was the focus of extensive Soviet censure throughout 1958 and early 1959, to which Mao responded by supporting derogatory references to Khrushchev in the national press.

  1. Disadvantages of Capitalism.

    merely as means to whatever ends the socialist rulers may have in mind. Capitalism has its disadvantages as well: high unemployment, the "boom-slump" cycle, poverty and crime. Despite those disadvantages, however, capitalist societies, historically, have done remarkably well in improving the human condition as a whole over the long run,

  2. American Capitalism.

    The price of grain collapsed and brought ruin to many small farmers. Farm labourers also lost out as they either lost their jobs, as they could no longer be supported, or because they became redundant due to new machinery. Not all farmers suffered.

  1. The Prelude to the 1975 War and the Cairo Agreement.

    against Christian civilians: 31 August 1983 36 Christians had their throats cut in Bmarian 7 September 1983 200 people massacred in Bhamdoun 10 September 1983 64 slaughtered in Bireh, several victims were executed in the village church, some of them on the altar.

  2. The Common Cold.

    Some, such as the rhinoviruses, seldom produce serious illnesses. Others, such as parainfluenza and respiratory syncytial virus, produce mild infections in adults but can precipitate severe lower respiratory infections in young children. Rhinoviruses (from the Greek rhin, meaning "nose") cause an estimated 30 to 35 percent of all adult colds, and are most active in early fall, spring and summer.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work