• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Stalin able to come to power by 1929?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Charlotte McQuillan Why was Stalin able to come to power in Russia by 1929? Although it appears that the factors which assisted Stalin?s ascent to power were interconnected and equally important, the pivotal reason for Stalin?s rise to prominence was due to the influence of the Party Machine, ?His control of the party machinery gave him indirectly control of the state? (R.Johnson). It could be argued that simply his own abilities allowed Stalin to manipulate the party machine, as claimed by J. Laver who stated that Stalin ?outmanoeuvred rivals and played on their weaknesses? However it is clear, without Stalin?s manipulative skills such as his opportunism and cunning, he would have been unable to take advantage of leftist and rightist faults. Yet his skills alone would not have lead Stalin to political success, also the careful manipulation of the party machine, which ultimately was the key to why Stalin was able to come to power in Russia by 1929. What was essentially was the most significant factor in Stalin?s rise to power was his strong authoritative control and manipulative powers that he held over the Communist party machine. Stalin had achieved four major roles in the party leading up to Lenin?s death in January 1924, from the People?s Commissar for Nationalities in 1917 and eventually achieving Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922. ...read more.

Middle

Stalin was able to paint Trotsky as a traitor, as he was threatening the security of the Soviet Union. Stalin?s idea was further strengthened in 1927, after the war scare. Fear of invasion throughout the 1920?s played into Stalin?s hands making Trotsky?s efforts seeming unsubstantial in comparison. Taking Lenin?s plans and improving them further, gaining added support. Lenin?s continuation of the exploitations of the people?s love of Lenin was one of the key factors that assisted him in gaining power. The cult of Lenin was a strong fascination of Russia, and Stalin realised he had to present himself as a successor to the figure who had become a Godly figure in Communist Russia. One could say that Stalin?s careful manipulation of this cult was imperative to his rise to power and was a vital reason why he triumphed in 1929. After Lenin?s death on the 21st of January 1924, Joseph Stalin became ?Chief Mourner? (S.Phillips), personally organising Lenin?s funeral and delivered the speech. Thus increasing his appearance as Lenin?s loyal disciple, the political leader who would carry on Lenin?s work. Stalin also demonstrated his cunning by intentionally sabotaging Trotsky, telling him the wrong date of the funeral. Severely damaging Trotsky?s reputation and political prestige. ...read more.

Conclusion

Zinoviev and Kamenev persuaded the Central Committee not to make Lenin?s political testament common knowledge, they believed that ?Stalin was no real threat to the party? (C.Corin+ T.Fiehn) and wanted Stalin to assist them to defend Trotsky due to Lenin not being as hostile about him in comparison to the rest. He distanced himself from the decision not to read out the testament, unwilling to become involved. This decision is pivotal in the leadership race, as Stalin?s reputation remained intact. He learned quickly from this lucky decision and became power hungry, once he realised that now the leadership was in his grasp. In conclusion, it can be argued that ?machine politics alone did not account for Stalin?s triumph? (Sachem) but it is a huge part of the reason why Stalin was able to complete his ascent to power by 1929. Yet nevertheless, it would be unsophisticated to suggest that one lone factor was the chief skill which catapulted Joseph Stalin to power by 1929. The addition of his political skill, manipulative powers and cunning, makes it clear that after his initial mistakes in the early 1910 where he became to headstrong, Stalin soon realised that the leadership race was in a mess and he can use his skills to overcome weak opposition and finally ascend to power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did Stalin manage to secure power in Russia by 1929?

    system in the Soviet Union was likely to be defeated by capitalist countries. Even though they had joined Trotsky in the United Opposition to try and defeat Stalin, by this point it was considered too late. When Zinoviev and Kamenev eventually began attacking Stalin's policies, he argued they were creating

  2. How and why did Stalin come to power?

    Of Stalin, in his testament Lenin commented, "Stalin has... immeasurable power" that he is "too rude" and proposed "to the comrades to find a way of removing Stalin". Lenin was seen as a god-like figure in Russia, a cult-hero, and if this had been published following Lenin's death then Stalin's political career would have been over.

  1. Lenin and the Bolshevik revolution.

    insurrection proceeded more quickly as a result of Lenin's victory with the Central Committee. When the insurrection did come at last, its timing seems to have been determined by clumsy attempt on the part of the Provisional Government at a crackdown, and not by any action or resolution of the Bolshevik leadership or of Lenin.

  2. Why was Mussolini able to come to power?

    the highest number of seats in parliament would automatically get two-thirds of the seats in parliament. This was a way out of coalition governments. In April 1924, there were general (legislative) elections in Italy. The fascists got 66% of the votes, and therefore also got 66% of the seats in parliament.

  1. How did Stalin Rise to Power between 1922 – 1929?

    both criminality and madness that became more pronounced with age."3 Within a month, however, Stalin was admitted and named to the board of Pravda, the party newspaper. Around the same time, he took his seat on the Executive Committee (ExCom)

  2. How did Stalin come to power and stay there?

    When Lenin's Testament was about to be released to the public, Zinoviev saved Stalin from losing his chance by saying that it was out of date and it was never made public. By this time Stalin was Head of the Control Commission, which meant he could purge and expel members who were unreliable and control party membership.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Workers: Many had been unenthusiastic about their conditions under the NEP and welcomed the prospect of better conditions ï industrialisation seemed to give meaning to otherwise boring work. Some workers benefited from better education and many experienced a rise in the standard of living.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    This was the beginning of a vicious civil war which was to tear Russia apart. The struggle was between the Reds (Bolsheviks or Communists)and the Whites(opponents of the Bolsheviks - nobles, democrats, Mensheviks and Socialist.) The reds only aim was to stay in power so that they could build the new Socialist Society.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work