• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Stalin able to come to power by 1929?

Extracts from this document...


Charlotte McQuillan Why was Stalin able to come to power in Russia by 1929? Although it appears that the factors which assisted Stalin?s ascent to power were interconnected and equally important, the pivotal reason for Stalin?s rise to prominence was due to the influence of the Party Machine, ?His control of the party machinery gave him indirectly control of the state? (R.Johnson). It could be argued that simply his own abilities allowed Stalin to manipulate the party machine, as claimed by J. Laver who stated that Stalin ?outmanoeuvred rivals and played on their weaknesses? However it is clear, without Stalin?s manipulative skills such as his opportunism and cunning, he would have been unable to take advantage of leftist and rightist faults. Yet his skills alone would not have lead Stalin to political success, also the careful manipulation of the party machine, which ultimately was the key to why Stalin was able to come to power in Russia by 1929. What was essentially was the most significant factor in Stalin?s rise to power was his strong authoritative control and manipulative powers that he held over the Communist party machine. Stalin had achieved four major roles in the party leading up to Lenin?s death in January 1924, from the People?s Commissar for Nationalities in 1917 and eventually achieving Secretary of the Communist Party in 1922. ...read more.


Stalin was able to paint Trotsky as a traitor, as he was threatening the security of the Soviet Union. Stalin?s idea was further strengthened in 1927, after the war scare. Fear of invasion throughout the 1920?s played into Stalin?s hands making Trotsky?s efforts seeming unsubstantial in comparison. Taking Lenin?s plans and improving them further, gaining added support. Lenin?s continuation of the exploitations of the people?s love of Lenin was one of the key factors that assisted him in gaining power. The cult of Lenin was a strong fascination of Russia, and Stalin realised he had to present himself as a successor to the figure who had become a Godly figure in Communist Russia. One could say that Stalin?s careful manipulation of this cult was imperative to his rise to power and was a vital reason why he triumphed in 1929. After Lenin?s death on the 21st of January 1924, Joseph Stalin became ?Chief Mourner? (S.Phillips), personally organising Lenin?s funeral and delivered the speech. Thus increasing his appearance as Lenin?s loyal disciple, the political leader who would carry on Lenin?s work. Stalin also demonstrated his cunning by intentionally sabotaging Trotsky, telling him the wrong date of the funeral. Severely damaging Trotsky?s reputation and political prestige. ...read more.


Zinoviev and Kamenev persuaded the Central Committee not to make Lenin?s political testament common knowledge, they believed that ?Stalin was no real threat to the party? (C.Corin+ T.Fiehn) and wanted Stalin to assist them to defend Trotsky due to Lenin not being as hostile about him in comparison to the rest. He distanced himself from the decision not to read out the testament, unwilling to become involved. This decision is pivotal in the leadership race, as Stalin?s reputation remained intact. He learned quickly from this lucky decision and became power hungry, once he realised that now the leadership was in his grasp. In conclusion, it can be argued that ?machine politics alone did not account for Stalin?s triumph? (Sachem) but it is a huge part of the reason why Stalin was able to complete his ascent to power by 1929. Yet nevertheless, it would be unsophisticated to suggest that one lone factor was the chief skill which catapulted Joseph Stalin to power by 1929. The addition of his political skill, manipulative powers and cunning, makes it clear that after his initial mistakes in the early 1910 where he became to headstrong, Stalin soon realised that the leadership race was in a mess and he can use his skills to overcome weak opposition and finally ascend to power. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Modern European History, 1789-1945 essays

  1. How did Joseph Stalin rise to power?

    Also, when people saw him carry Lenin's coffin at his funeral they believed that they were close friends, however this was wrong.

  2. Why did Stalin win the struggle for power in 1923 – 9?

    Later on in 1929 Stalin and most of the CPSU exiled Trotsky to Mexico, here he was killed by the secret service under the order of Stalin in 1940. Grigory Yevseyevich Zinoviev was also seen as a threat by Stalin and was quickly associated with the murder of Bolshevik leader Sergei Kirov and was tried and shot in 1936.

  1. How secure was the Tsars power up to 1904

    Over the next few days over 110,000 workers in St. Petersburg went out on strike and the first seeds of revolution were planted. As we have seen Nicholas II was determined to rule as an autocrat in the manner of his father, Alexander III and his great grandfather Nicholas I.

  2. .Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin. Lenin and Stalin had many ...

    Coal 35.4 64.3 128 (million tonnes) Oil 11.7 21.4 28.5 (million tonnes) Pig Iron 3.3 6.2 14.5 (million tonnes) Steel 4 5.9 17.7 (million tonnes) The cost of Stalin's Five- Year Plans was paid by the suffering of it workers. New industrial zones, towns, and cities were set up-often with poor quality housing.

  1. Compare the Characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin

    Religion also suffered in Russia under Stalin's control, he condemned religion, and closed many churches, this was to make workers more focused at work with more time spare to look after children and help Russia build it self to be a world superpower.

  2. How did Stalin Rise to Power between 1922 – 1929?

    of the Soviet. This Soviet, unlike the organizations of 1905, was from the start run by the intellectuals and professional revolutionaries of the socialist parties. Stalin took a rather relaxed attitude to the debates, making no contribution and bringing up no new points, but rather sounding out and establishing relations with the other delegates.

  1. The Impact of Stalins Leadership in the USSR, 1924 1941. Extensive notes

    Political impact: 1. For the first time, the regime was able to extend its control over those peasants in the countryside, mainly through party management of the collectives. 2. It reinforced Stalin’s control within the USSR & over the party ï Stalin’s rivals like Rykov and Bukharin lost power and influence.

  2. Compare the characters and beliefs of Lenin and Stalin.

    To encourage people, ��Stakhanovites�� gave honours and extra rations. This policy of industrialisation saved Russia in the Second World War. For the Russians we have also to analyse both negative and positive things Stalin brought. In terms of bad points, he introduced the terror and fear within the Russia�s inhabitants.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work