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Why was the civil Rights Act of 1964 passed?

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Why was the civil Rights Act of 1964 passed? The most important factor that led to the Civil Rights Act of 1964 was the March on Washington, which showed the strength of support both from the media and white Americans. Although this campaign was the most significant, the other factors and their significance cannot be overlooked as it was a combination of all factors that led to this historic legislation. The March on Washington was a significant factor in the passing of the 1964 Civil Rights Act. The 1963 March on Washington drew a crowd of over 250,000people and it showed the height of the Civil Rights Movement. The significance of the March is that it was the largest civil rights rally up to that date in the United States; it was an unprecedented integrated campaign which demanded that the government enforce the laws equally to protect all its citizens regardless of race or colour. As a result of the March King and the others met with President John F. Kennedy at the White House, which allowed them to tell the president their views and speak privately with him on the problem of segregation. This event was described as a "catalyst for Change", as Kennedy could no longer ignore the movement and the support of the movement. ...read more.


Amzie Moore, a local NAACP leader in Mississippi, met with SNCC worker Robert Parris Moses when Moses travelled through the state in July 1960, recruiting people for a SNCC conference. Moore encouraged Moses to bring more SNCC workers to the state, and the following summer he did, beginning a month-long voter registration campaign in the town of McComb, in conjunction with C.C. Bryant of the NAACP. SNCC organized a voter registration education program, teaching a weekly class that showed people how to register. Eight hundred students gathered for a week-long orientation session at Western College for Women in Oxford, Ohio, that June. They were mostly white and young, with an average age of 21. They were also from well-to-do families, as the volunteers had to bring $500 for bail as well as money for living expenses, medical bills, and transportation home. The strength of this support allowed for it to be easier for Kennedy to pass this bill. Kennedy came into power from a small mandate, which meant that he had no lay-way to pass acts that may cause voters to feel alienated by seeing the support of the White Americans; Kennedy was able to pass this act without losing much voter support. The strength of White support was once again seen in the Greensboro sit-ins, where many White students joined the Black protestors in the sit-in in Woolworths in 1960. ...read more.


This federal intervention gave a significance difference to the movement as it was one of the fist times the law was taking them and their fight for integration seriously. It was also a major stepping stone as they now had real rights within the court and federal system. The Role of Martin Luther King, who led the Montgomery Bus Boycott campaign, as well as the March on Washington and many others, showed the passion of the protestors. Martin Luther King's speeches and overall work within the movement led him to become the face of the campaign, not just in America but internationally and historically. His work led to many other acts too, and led to the growing support, as although he was heavily criticised at the time for his lack of intervening in the brutal beatings of some protestors and for what many called 'hypocritical' actions, he was the main face and leader of this movement and allowed for much to be changed and for much to be continued to change even after his death. In conclusion the most important factor was the Montgomery bus boycott 1963, as it was a force behind the unity of the civil rights groups and was also a campaign which showed the white support. Although the role of federal intervention, Martin Luther King, the media and white supporters cannot be overlooked either when discussing what brought about the Civil Rights act 1964. ?? ?? ?? ?? Georgina McDonald 1 ...read more.

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