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With what political and administrative justification can the lands of the Kings of England be considered an empire in the period 1154-1204.

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Introduction

With what political and administrative justification can the lands of the Kings of England be considered and ?empire? in the period 1154-1204. The term ?empire? being used for the lands of the Angevian kings all begins with a man named Henry, who became known as Henry II of England, when he was crowned king at the age of 21 in December 1154; by 1166, he had 6 territories to his name, all of which he had gained in different ways. Henry had been granted Normandy by his farther, and had inherited Anjou and Maine upon his father?s death. Aquitaine had been gained through marriage to the Eleanor, the duchess of Aquitaine and Brittany came to Henry?s name when his son was betrothed to heiress of Brittany. ...read more.

Middle

This was due to the Norman invasion of England in 1066. Within 45 years the Angevian lands were ruled by 3 kings. Henry passed on these lands to his son Richard, who in turn passed them on to his younger brother John. These lands had always been unified under one man only. The fact that Richard had claimed all of Henry?s lands, instead of dividing them between him and his brothers, as Henry has wanted, suggests that Richard saw all the lands as one. Upon Richard?s death, John had also inherited all the lands; this suggests that the intactness of these lands, means that they should be viewed as a whole, as an empire. However there are reasons conveying the idea that the Angevian lands should not be viewed as an empire. ...read more.

Conclusion

Also even though England and Normandy were similar in cultures and customs, the rest of the lands weren?t, especially in Aquitaine, which was very hard to rule, and in Anjou. The fact that the Angevian?s had struggled to make changes in laws and customs in these areas suggests that the Angevian?s didn?t rule these lands, they just were under their names. The dictionary definition of the term ?empire? is ?An extensive group of united states or countries under a single supreme authority formally known under the title of an emperor or empress.? The fact that rifts had begun to arise between the Angevian lands, especially in the 1180?s and 1190?s, which manifested between the English and Norman diverging laws and inheritance customs and that neither Henry, Richard or Jon referred to themselves as Emperors, means that neither the rulers nor the people saw these lands as an empire. ...read more.

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