• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The hospitality industry is in a unique position for the creation of an automated supply.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

I. Introduction The hospitality industry is in a unique position for the creation of an automated supply Chain. Most hospitality organizations function with two units, franchise locations and corporate owned locations. Currently most corporate-owned hotels procure their goods through the headquarters, and franchise hotels procure goods independently. If hotels integrated the entire spend of every hotel, franchise or corporate, they would stand to save substantially on purchases. However, hotels must make the procurement process simple and cost-attractive to the franchises in order to ensure their participation. Of the hotel chains that currently do this, virtually all use horribly outdated business practices, intensive manual labor, and time-wasting paperwork and processes. These can be easily replaced today with automated, electronic processes. In hospitality organizations (hotels, casinos, resorts), the overall emphasis has been moving towards automating the purchasing and receiving process. In fact, many hotels are now electronically ordering directly to corporate offices and regional purchasing centres. The centralized system creates a purchase order and sends the order via integrated facsimile to vendor supplier. Once the order has been created in the system, an electronic copy of the purchase order is transmitted back to the unit level so that orders can be reconciled electronically as they are received. Another operation generates a "market list" from the ship and electronically sends the list to the corporate central purchasing system, which issues a purchase order and then transmits a copy of the purchase order back to the ship. The ship, like the hotel described above, also reconciles each purchase order based on receipt of goods. 1.Just in time The characteristics of JIT purchasing differ from the traditional purchasing strategies. JIT purchasing principles, the main objectives are to achieve reduced inventory holding costs, increased quality levels and increased utilization among many others. JIT sourcing, in theory, provides many benefits to the buyer, but many buyers in practice are not implementing the requisites that are generally considered to be essential and resulting in a number of problems for their suppliers, which in turn affect the buyer. ...read more.

Middle

Passive heating: The building is elongated on the east-west axis and contains a wall of windows on the south side to take full advantage of solar energy and natural ventilation. � The atrium and Living Machine in particular are designed to collect sunlight. � Dense materials with high "thermal mass", such as the concrete floors and exposed interior masonry walls, retain and re-radiate heat. This reduces the amount of additional heat necessary during times when the sun is not shining. Passive cooling: � Windows on the lower south wall and upper north wall of the atrium create a natural convective cell that provides a light, interior breeze that cools the space during summer sun. � Office spaces have operable windows. �A trellis is planned for the east side of the atrium. During summer months deciduous plants will shade this wall. During winter months the plants will loose their leaves allowing nearly full light to penetrate. � A roof overhang shades the south side of the building from direct sun during the summer months. � The elongated corridor provides cross ventilation Temperature control: The use of separate heat pumps in each room allow for careful control of temperature and energy use. In the offices, climate is controlled with a simple thermostat that the occupant sets at a desired temperature. Climate in the classrooms is controlled by carbon dioxide and motion sensing devices so that rooms are only heated; cooled and ventilated when they are actively in use. The heat pump in the auditorium is programmed to provide a comfortable environment during all scheduled classes and events. Temperature in the atrium is also programmed to provide a comfortable environment during hours when the building is occupied. Windows in the classrooms and offices are operable. The building computer controls windows in the atrium. Ventilation is also very important for the comfort of the users of a certain building. ...read more.

Conclusion

Prices always vary according to the type of room (single, twin etc.) and its facilities. The decision of the room rate is helped by the determination of the so-called "weightings" those are usually a matter of judgment. For instance if a single person is occupying a double room, he should be paying more than just for a single because he is using up more space but on the other hand it wouldn't be fair for him to pay a double rate. One type of room rates in hotel, especially resort ones, would be the seasonal rates. The philosophy here is that in off-peak times, the rate is always lower in order to attract clients and in the peak times the prices are considerably higher to maximize profit. It may happen that according to the type of room, the differences in rates may be greater. The next type on our agenda is the weekday and weekends rates. Especially in the business hotels, the weekday occupancy is greater than in weekends. On the principle of seasonal rates, Hotels may differ the prices. The weighting has to be determined again and the technique is fairly similar. It is impossible to attract customers at the weekend with prices that you give out during the weekdays; therefore the rack rate has to be reduced. Marginal cost is always about covering at least variable cost and contribute at least a little to the fixed costs. Marginal pricing is being used more for weekend breaks, off-season holidays, conferences and special events. But in order to approach the determination of the inclusive term we have to look upon two things - the characteristics of the hotel and the guest. The type of tariff has to depend on the guest requirements such as length of stay, spending power, homogeneity and predictability. The hotel characteristics depend on its grade, size, and type of business, location and marketing considerations. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Information Systems and Communication essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Database Coursework on a Vehicle Rental System: Analysis

    5 star(s)

    The great advantage of this is that the amount of space occupied within the offices of a business by paper files, records and books is drastically reduced. * Increased Accuracy: - The data contained with an ICT system is much more accurate than data held in traditional paper-based systems.

  2. ict as level coursework

    If you are experiencing any difficulties the best thing to do is make a note of the problem and contact us a soon as possible so we can come up with a solution. Troubleshooting FQA's Why doesn't the user form load up when I open the system?

  1. Analysis Tools

    It differs from the flowchart as it shows the data flow instead of the control flow of the program. It shows how data information flows through the organisation. It shows what the system will do, not how it will do it. It shows the data stores used by the system.

  2. Database Analysis & Design

    The deliverables for this stage are a Functional Model and a Functional Prototype that together represent the functionalities that could be realised in this iteration, ready for testing by users. Next to this, the Requirements List is updated, deleting the items that have been realised and rethinking the prioritisation of the remaining requirements.

  1. This research that I've done will discuss about the effectiveness of the Light Railway ...

    The power supply and distribution system is remotely controlled and monitored by the Supervisory Control And Data Acquisition System (SCADA). Since the PUTRA LRT is fully automated, it has various safety systems. The ATC system uses fail-safe and redundant computers, and incorporates ATP sub-systems in software.

  2. The aim of this task is to produce a report for the managing director ...

    This type of information is different from the rest because of where it's from, its accessibility and the vast amount of it. An advantage of this method is that anyone who has internet and web browser software can access web-based information on just about anything, from anywhere in the world.

  1. Data Processing Task. Mr Peters, the man who runs this particular Samsung store ...

    image of Samsung and improve the service that the company currently offers their customers. I have been hired by company to take a look at the system. If I find that my results show that this current system isn't good enough I will have to think about computerising the system.

  2. Communication & Employability Skills for IT. OCR Cambridge Technicals Unit 1 LO1-P1

    For example this position has 3 key Duties: For the Guest, For the Company, For the Team, these than expand onto the responsibilities that need to be performed. This tells the employee about what sort of job position that they will be performing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work