• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent has the war on terror had an effect on the idea of citizenship?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent has the war on terror had an effect on the idea of citizenship? Citizenship describes the membership of an individual to a political society/country. As a citizen of a country, the individual is granted certain rights and privileges such as the right to vote, hold government office(if they choose) and to be protected by the state through the legal system. The rights of the individual will vary according to the country in which citizenship is held. For example, citizens of the United Kingdom are entitled to free public education and health care. Income support, housing benefit and working tax credits are just some of the privileges granted to the citizens of the United Kingdom. In return, citizens are required not only to abide by the states laws and regulations, but also to adopt an element of patriotism1 and respect for the state. In other words, being a citizen is like being a member of a family, where your primary loyalty is to your family members and you get looked after. Residents in a country aren't always citizens as citizenship must be specifically granted by the state. Residents (or legal aliens) are granted protection by the state through the police force and legal system but are limited in their participation within the state. For instance in Britain, an alien hasn't the right to vote or hold public office. ...read more.

Middle

Is this citizenship gone too far? Although not at the same scale as the world wars, the subsequent war on Iraq can be seen as affirming this. It has been argued by the media and other critics of the war on Iraq argue that the war was simply for the attainment of oil from Iraq and if this indeed true, then it correlates with the idea of America putting itself and the needs of its people before everyone else and ignoring the basic rules of a 'just war' as outlined by Thomas Aquianas. On the other hand, if it was for the removal of a president that possessed weapons which he threatened to use on the west, it still shows an element of over-patriotism as America didn't wait for proof before embarking on conflict...against the advise of the U.N. The idea of citizenship in America thus came into question as unified patriarchy is an expected response from a country being attacked by another. According to CBS-11 News, federal authorities 'have invoked a rarely-used federal statute - mainly used in past decades to deport former Nazis - to de-naturalize native Palestinian Rasmi Khader Almallah. The government's "Complaint to Revoke Naturalization" claims Almallah paid a woman for a "sham marriage" in 1981 that helped him gain permanent residency and then American citizenship in 1988.3 A similar reaction was felt on the shores of Britain. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the war on terror had an immeasurable effect on the idea of citizenship. As is often the case, when there is a period of social and political upheaval, people tend to stick together and there is an increased sense of patriotism. This was no different in the wake of the war on terror. The Americans created the Patriots Act and although some opposed the fact that the act legalised the invasion of their privacy, they supported the governments effort to protect them and they came together against the common enemy. Stricter controls put on those who weren't citizens of America also shows that the outside threat of terrorism caused a re-evaluation of the trust placed on 'outsiders' In the same way the British people exercising their democratic and civil right to oppose the decision made by the government, shows their utilisation of the benefits of living and being a citizen of a western democratic society. Citizenship after the war on terror has also caused many to feel like outsiders and others feel ignored. For example, even after great opposition by the British people about the war on Iraq, the government still embarked on war. A decision that made many get the impression that their democratic right as citizens were being compromised. 1 http://www.citizen.org.uk/ 2 Strauss.P.L, Administrative justice in the United States (Carolina academic press,2002) 3 http://cbs11tv.com/localnews/local_story_292192305.html 4 Hunt. M (1997); Using Human Rights Laws In English Courts ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Sources of Law section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Sources of Law essays

  1. "The main aims of the Land Registration Acts were to give certainty to title ...

    they could be regarded in this manner because of Land Registration Rule 25841. This goes against the idea of the registered land system, as previously it was thought this section applied only to legal easements. This case was followed by the Court of Appeal in Thatcher v.

  2. To what extent do you think these aims have been (or will be) facilitated ...

    A person who suffers loss as a result of rectification may claim compensation in the form of an indemnity against the registry, however restrictions do apply36. These two systems of unregistered land and registered land respectively, indisputably assist the conveyancing process, but like everything they have brought with them many

  1. Outcome (3): Analyse the provisions relating to the police powers of arrest, search, seizure, ...

    power without a warrant to arrest someone for a none arrestable offence. A police constable may use these powers and arrest some one when he/she has reasonable grounds to believe that an arrestable offence has been committed. There are also general arrest conditions under section 24 of the Police and

  2. Immigration Policy in the United States

    spouses and children of permanent resident aliens, and, also, brothers, sisters, and married children of US citizens.

  1. Events leading to the American Revolution

    length, broke into two meeting houses and rang the alarm bells, which I supposed was for fire as usual, but was soon undeceived. About 9 some of the guard came to and informed me the town inhabitants were assembling to attack the troops, and that the bells were ringing as

  2. "Public policy has been slow to treat disability as a matter of equality, human ...

    out by able bodied people attempting to work out the needs of the disabled, in order to legislate upon it and then finally implement upon these stipulations as public policy, he states: "These social relations are built upon a firm distinction between the researcher and researched; upon the belief that

  1. Police powers vs Stop and Search

    Thus it could take place, for example, in a police van. No search involving exposure of intimate parts of the body may take place in a police van. The Code of Practice states that such searches must be by a police officer of your sex and must be in the

  2. Should people have a right to privacy?

    convention by the absence of such a requirement in domestic law?2 3(Strasbourg ruling, 2011)2 therefore the news of the world was not legally bided to warn Mosley that he was going to publish the photographs and story. Another case regarding privacy of photographs was the case of Douglas v Hello!

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work