Travel and Tourism Unit 8 Task A
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Task A Title "Has terrorism had a negative effect on the travel and tourism industry?" I chose this title because terrorism is an issue relevant to the travel and tourism industry today. Following a number of high profile terrorist attacks, awareness of terrorism has grown considerably and I think it will be interesting to research the impact that this has had on the travel and tourism industry. The Issue Terrorism is defined by The United States Department of Defence as "the calculated use of unlawful violence or threat of unlawful violence to inculcate fear; intended to coerce or to intimidate governments or societies in the pursuit of goals that are generally political, religious, or ideological." Terrorism is primarily considered to be a political issue as terrorist groups are usually in conflict with a certain government. However, terrorists aim to draw the attention of the local population, the media and the rest of the world as a result o their attacks. Terrorism is described as "a criminal act that influences an audience beyond their immediate victim." [www.terrorism-research.com] For example, the Black September Organisation killed 11 Israelis at the 1972 Olympic Games in Munich and although they were the immediate victims, the attack also targeted around 1 billion people who were watching the event on television. And so, terrorist groups will plan their attacks so that they can publicize their views with the highest visibility possible.
Three inbound tourists were killed and 18 others injured. The second incident occurred on April 30th when a nail bomb was detonated in a busy bus station injuring 7 people. Fortunately, there were no fatalities. Later that day, two veiled females carried out the third attack by opening fire on a tourist bus. Again there were no fatalities, but 3 people were injured. Later on in the year, in July 2005, the tourist resort Sharm el-Sheik in Egypt was targeted by a series of terrorist attacks. Three bombs exploded killing a total of 88 people and injuring more than 200 others, making it the most fatal attack in the country's history. The first bomb exploded near a street market, the second was hidden in a suitcase and detonated outside a hotel and the third occurred when a truck drove into a strip of beach front hotels. The Plan (a) Aims, objectives and parameters The aim of my research project is "To discover whether terrorism has had a negative effect on the travel and tourism industry". It is important to establish aims when carrying out a research project as they set out a clear direction to go in and ensure that you do not go off track. If you focus clearly on your aim then all information and research collected should stay relevant to the task.
I will also use the internet, newspapers and books to search for statistics for visitor numbers to these destinations and see how they have changed following an attack. To meet the third objective, I will again ask a number of travel agents whether the visitor numbers have begun to increase again, or whether they believe that they are still affected by a terrorist attack. I will also use the internet to find relevant statistics on visitor numbers and observe how they have changed. To meet the fourth objective, I will be conducting secondary research using newspapers and the internet to find data regarding the income from tourism for these destinations and see whether they have lost income after an attack has occurred. To meet the last objective, I would like to organise a focus group in order to find out the opinions of tourists in more detail than I would have been given in my questionnaires. They will be able to express their views on the issue of terrorism and whether they feel that they are at risk because they believe that there will be more attacks, or whether they feel quite safe. The focus panel would also contribute to all four objectives as I would ask them questions concerning the four other areas that I am interested in finding out about for my research project.
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