• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Analyse Mozart's treatment of the Theme and Variation for in the first movement of K331.

Extracts from this document...


Mark Smith 6RCS Analyse Mozart's treatment of the Theme and Variation for in the first movement of K331 Mozart uses the theme and variation form to great success in this first movement. In the theme, Mozart uses a very simple melody as the basis for his variations, providing great scope for the later variations. He uses a sequence technique in the first phrase of this melody (Figure 1). He also uses a pedal note of middle E which provides a firm basis for development in the variations, and this note appears in most of the variations (Fig 1). Mozart also uses V7 -> I cadences at the end of the second and final phrases which are another characteristic that appears in many of the variations to follow. Also, Mozart uses the form ||: A :||: B + two bar extension :||. This form is also carried over from theme to variations. In the first variation, Mozart relates the melody to the theme very closely, but the theme is somewhat disguised in a semi quaver rhythm. ...read more.


Mozart also decorates this variation with trills or acciacceturas in nearly every bar. In the second phrase, the pedal note disappears from the left hand as with the triplet rhythm, but is still present, only played by the right hand. In the third phrase, the pedal note returns to the left hand and Mozart continues the pattern of ornaments in the right hand. The third variation introduces a change in key, from major A, to the tonic minor, although as before, the metre, harmonies and cadences etc. are the same. In this variation, Mozart changes the texture of the music to polyphonic texture from homophonic as it was before. Mozart also introduces a piano technique known as the Alberti Bass (named after Domencio Alberti, its inventor), which is a feature used in some of the later variations. In this Alberti Bass, the pedal note is still apparent in the broken chord form. Mozart also uses the piano technique of using octaves in the right hand (Fig 4). ...read more.


This variation also uses a vast array of grace notes, especially towards the cadences. Also new in this variation is the use of first and second time repeats, which have not been uses elsewhere in the piece. The finale variation returns to an allegro tempo, with all the same other features as mentioned before, such as the metre, key and cadence etc. In the first phrase, the pedal note is still present in the broken chord Alberti bass in the left hand, but in the second phrase, the left hand changes to a series of arpeggios of the tonic (amongst others) chord. The same is said for the structure of the third phrase. As in the Adagio variation, first and second time repeats are used, but in this final movement, there is an eight bar 'coda' which acts as a summing up of the entire movement, using all the features of the previous variations and the theme, ending as usual on the tonic chord. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. An account of the life and works of W.A. Mozart

    It was Mozart's friend Schikaneder who first presented the opera in the Freihaus. Mozart conducted these first performances himself, but the audience were slow to respond, this was the beginning of a chain for 'Don Giovanni' received even less success.

  2. Discussing Mozart, Wolfgang Amadeus.

    He died, presumably of typhoid fever, in Vienna on December 5, 1791; his burial was attended by few friends. The place of his grave is unmarked. The legend that the Italian composer Antonio Salieri murdered him is unsupported by reputable scholars.


    BOOK 6: THE PIANO In this book Hollis explains how the piano came about. In Paris in 1708 Cuisine experimented and attempted to make a more expressive keyboard instrument. A treadle operated resined wheel was attached to an instrument whose strings were struck by tangents similar to those of a

  2. Ground bass

    and some of its melodic features, but each variation will introduce new twists and changes. Variety may be introduced into the variations in the following ways: purely melodic decoration, motivic development and changes in harmony, rhythm, metre, tempo, texture, instrumentation, mode and key.

  1. The impact of California Smoking Bar Banned to the bar owners in Orange County.

    Given the significantly increased risk of heart disease and lung cancer, one would expect to find increased rates of involuntary smoking-related disease and death in bar and restaurant employees. There are several confounding variables that could explain an elevated lung cancer risk in bar workers.

  2. Mozart's K331.

    This can be recognised in the Andante, bars 1-8 for the first section, bars 9-12 for the second. Bars 1-12 are then repeated but with a slight melodic difference that leads into the codetta that signifies the Andante's end. These phrases are balanced - the first section having 8 bars

  1. An investigation into the Mozart Effect.

    Aims 1. To discover whether classical music can exhibit a beneficial effect on the brains ability to commit information to memory and therefore produce a higher than normal level of recall. 2. To discover whether classical music can have a detrimental effect on the processes of learning and recall of information.

  2. Requiem (KV626) by W. A. Mozart (1756-91).

    Feeling unequal to the task, they declined. Mozart's students Freyst�dtler and Eybler filled in some of the orchestration, but it fell to Franz Xaver S�ssmayr to actually complete the score. Busy composing an opera of his own, S�ssmayr rushed to meet the February deadline imposed by the mysterious Messenger.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work