• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Compare and contrast the use of melody and rhythm in Sweelink's Pavana Lachrimae, Mozart's Piano Sonata in Bb, and Berlioz's Harold in Italy.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Compare and contrast the use of melody and rhythm in Sweelink's Pavana Lachrimae, Mozart's Piano Sonata in Bb, and Berlioz's Harold in Italy. The three pieces were composed in different periods of music, which shows how melody and rhythm have developed over a spread of over 200 years. The Sweelink was the first of the three to be composed around 1615, there is a falling 4th at the start of the piece in the soprano line portraying sorrow. It has a lot of stepwise movement in ascending and descending scales which also run through to the varied repeats. There are many variations of melodic figurations such as bars 17-18 resembling bars 1-2 but using semiquavers. There is use of melodic imitation for example in bar 16 the top line is imitated in the bottom line in bar 17 where the shape and notes are very similar. The whole piece is very rhythmically active as it mostly moves in semiquavers, and has a regular metre with one chord ...read more.

Middle

where the start of the piece is repeated, however it in this section the first section doesn't modulate to the dominant and stays on the tonic which varies the melody slightly. The shape of the melody is very varied and covers a wide range for example intervallic expansion is shown in bar 20, followed by descending scalic patterns in bars 21-22, and across the three bars there is use of three octaves. The Piano Sonata has a fairly rhythmically active using mostly quavers or semiquavers at a moderate tempo. There is a clear metre which is supported by clear cadences such as the one at bar 63. Also, regular harmonic rhythm is shown throughout the piece with chords changing twice per bar. Harold in Italy is the most recent of the three pieces, and is also the longest showing more range in melody. Forexample there are two hemes and an Idee Fixe which are all used regularly through the piece. ...read more.

Conclusion

Compared the the previous two pieces this piece is slow rhythmically using much longer and sustained notes, however there is a clear metre. The tempo of the piece changes which is also different to the other two pieces, it slows down in the second section (bar 32) to half the speed of the first section.In this section the Idee Fixe is played in the Viola first at bar 65, when it enters it seems a lot slower than the rest of the orchestra. At bar 49, the orchestra becomes more rhythmically active with many parts having rhythmically independent parts. In bar 37 the Cor Anglias has syncopation but there is a strong pulse in the accompaniment keeping the beat. At the coda (bar 166) there is use of cross rhythms between the violas and the rest of the orchestra, this is because the Violas are playing double speed in 6/8 time, which is the same tempo as the first section, whereas the rest of the orchestra are playing at the speed of which the section section was being played. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Music section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Music essays

  1. Compare and contrast ‘Ghost Dances’ and ‘Rooster’ by Christopher Bruce.

    symbolises their hopelessness and isolation in the same way that these feelings are also reflected in 'As Tears Go By.' A similar movement vocabulary and mood is used to express rejection and despair in both pieces. Lighting is used effectively in both dances; the light for 'Rooster' is dim; only

  2. An Evaluation of the Marketing Strategy of Nestl Yorkie Chocolate Bars.

    This was a bad thing for Nestl� to do, it may have got them more sales in the 3rd world but people in the developed world have not taken kindly to this and many people have refused to buy Nestl� produce.

  1. How the Flute has developed throughout time up to the point of Boehm and ...

    This new design set off a revolution in flute making and by the second half of the 17th century; all baroque flues had three sections to them and a much more conical bore. The extra key for the little finger of the right hand meant that the flute was now fully chromatic.

  2. Performance Investigation: Bolling Suite for Flute and Jazz Piano Trio: Baroque and Blue

    When one gets to articulation and phrasing this becomes even more apparent. What this does mean is that in sequences which ascend and descend he does a crescendo or a dim to follow as well as always having direction towards the climax or the ends of phrases.

  1. An analysis of Sweelinck's 'Pavana Lachrimae'

    This would make logical sense, as it is very scalic and would have been a familiar melody to the majority of his students. A less technically challenging piece that seems to focus on a particular area of technique would indicate a study, however, it would also make sense that it

  2. BOOK 1: THE PIANO HANDBOOK ...

    He explains how they perfected the Clavichord and the Harpsichord into an instrument of greater sonority, one that could be heard in larger rooms. The Clavichord is basically a dulcimer with a keyboard and the Harpsichord came from the psaltery, which is like the Dulcimer, but its strings are plucked by the fingers rather than being struck.

  1. French Flute Music between 1935 and 1955: Varèse, Messiaen and Jolivet

    If nineteenth century composers made little use of the flute as a soloist or in chamber music, it was not so much due to their lack of interest as to the predominance of the piano and the string quartet

  2. The impact of California Smoking Bar Banned to the bar owners in Orange County.

    Is the law has the effects to their business? This question will focus on the impact of California Smoking Bar Banned to bar establishments, such as bar owners, bar employees and bar patrons, in the area of Orange County. Should smoking be banned in the bars?

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work