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Complete the assigned reading and compile a list of the sports, the drugs, the athletes and the dates of drug abuse mentioned in the text. Identify the main sports affected and the responses of the sporting authorities..."

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Introduction

Sport in Society: Issues and Controversies Week 3: Champs or Cheats? Cashmore (2000) Chapter 9 Champs or Cheats? Pp 189- 218 "..Complete the assigned reading and compile a list of the sports, the drugs, the athletes and the dates of drug abuse mentioned in the text. Identify the main sports affected and the responses of the sporting authorities..." The Drugs The Athletes The Dates Main Sports Response of Sporting Authority Anabolic Steroids and Erythropoietin Festina Watches cycling team July 23, 1998 Cycling: Tour De France The whole team were expelled from the event, as the Tour De France 'disintegrated in chaos' Strychnine and Brandy Thomas Hicks (USA) ...read more.

Middle

At the time, the drugs element did not cause the sensation that might be expected today: the death itself was of most concern. The IOC set up a Medical Commission in 1950, mainly to investigate the medical effects of the use of stimulants, especially amphetamines, to increase endurance. Simpson's death introduced testing which came in at the 1968 winter Olympics. Stanozolol: Anabolic Steroid Ben Johnson 1988 Seoul Olympics 100 Metres Johnson lost his gold medal, his time expunged from the records; he was the 31st competitor to be disqualified for drugs since the IOC instituted systematic testing in 1972. ...read more.

Conclusion

The drugs would have had a similar effect on horses as humans, slow the heart rate down and relieve stress. Diuretics: to reduce weight and flush other substances out Kerrith Brown Olympics 199 Judo Kerrith was stripped of his bronze medal, although he pleaded that a medical officer gave him an anti-inflammatory substance containing the substance to reduce knee swelling Steroids Martti Vainio Los Angeles Olympics 10,000 metres Martti had been careful enough to cease using the drug well before competition to escape detection, but blundered by having himself transfused with that blood that had been removed from his body early in 1984 when training at altitude. He lost his silver medal. ...read more.

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