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Is motivation more important than ability in a successful competitive performance?

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Introduction

Craig Marshall Is motivation more important than ability in a successful competitive performance? In order to be able to learn and perform any skill, especially in sport, we must have the abilities required. Abilities are generally seen as being innate. That is, you are born with them or they are developed early in life. Abilities are often seen as the building blocks of sport. Without the basic building blocks of movement vocabulary, we will never be able to develop skill fully. Examples of specific abilities required in sport would include: hand/eye co-ordination, flexibility, speed etc. Without these abilities, it would not be possible to learn skills such as a smash in badminton. It may be possible to develop basic skills with the correct learning environment. However without innate ability you will never become a superstar. Motivation can influence our decisions, our learning and our performance in sport. If we are not in a psychological state, we will make mistakes in performance and will not learn to perform at our best. Motivation can be shown as:- It is important to be aware of the influence of motivation on the acquisition of sporting skills. ...read more.

Middle

This can be emotional feeling about the sport e.g. Fun, Enjoyment in participating and satisfaction from playing a particular game. Extrinsic motivation - these factors are powerful when learning new skills and whether you a performer what to prefect it. * External rewards come as medals, badges and prizes. As a sports leader a pupils personalities can either help or hinder there motivation and their ability via learning of new skills. Many theories have been produced on this and the main one is the "Nach Or Naf". "Nach" personality types are characterised by:- * High task persistence * Ability to complete a task quickly * Welcoming Feedback about the results. "Naf" personality types are characterised by:- * Give up easily * Take their time to complete personal tasks * Not wanting to receive feedback about their previous performance. Achievement motivation is related to a performer's reaction to competition. There are two types of motives - need to achieve (Nach) & need to avoid failure (Naf). Both types of behaviour are to occur in a situation. Ego oriented personality types believe that ability is important but task oriented people regard effort as more important. ...read more.

Conclusion

Ability - Our abilities are largely determined genetically, they tend to be with are characteristics. This is a bad news for people that don't have natural ability to do because no matter how hard you will try you never would seem to reach your goal. These people don't not have the innate qualities, however in past research has revelled that some abilities can be enhanced to a certain extent, especially in early childhood . In some sports ability is used to complete a successful performance eg. In football or any sports which use a high amount of ability. However some sports require an amount of ability as well as some amounts of motivation to complete a successful competitive performance. Ability can be affected by motivation there is documented research that says there is. Ability can lead on to the inverted "U" theory, which states the higher your arousal level is the better you perform however if you go out of the zone, you can become over aroused and your performance. My verdict is that Ability is slightly more important to be succesful in competitive sport although motivation also plays are large role in that success. ...read more.

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