• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Dangers of Concussions in US Sports

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Mark Fetsko Professor Cian Yates Composition 2 22 April 2011 Concussions in Sports Given the potential for life threatening brain injuries or career ending head shots, concussions have become a growing problem in sports around the world. A phrase all too common in sports today is, "he got his bell rung." This is, of course, referring to a big hit or gruesome body check sustained in a football or hockey game. Currently, there is a lack of suitable evidence to support the recommendations for the management of traumatic cerebralor brain injuries. Recognizing and managing the effects of concussions is especially important to those involved in the health care of athletes (Sports Related Concussions). Head injuries are inherent risks that can occur in any sport, not just football and hockey. The question is, how can we prevent these grim and life threatening injuries from happening? I believe neurocognitive research and on the field testing are among the most vital ways to manage concussions as well as benefit the health care of athletes. Background: In the United States, you have a 19% chance of suffering a concussion while playing a contact sport; moreover, over 300,000 sports related concussions occur annually. ...read more.

Middle

The National Athletic Trainers' Association suggests a checklist such as, the Graded Symptom Checklist, should be used when evaluatinga head injury. By checking off symptoms and watching the athlete over a period of 72 hours, you can greatly reduce any chance of reoccurrence. Another suggested method of evaluation is the Standardized Assessment of Concussion Exam; this test utilizes four graded sections, which include: orientation, immediate memory, concentration, and delayed recall. This 30 point test can be completed in about five minutes and is easily given right on the side line during a game. Another test, the Balance Error Scoring System, can easily be performed by a trainer of coach. The athlete stands in three different positions and is timed for 20 seconds each; ultimately, the less coordination the player shows, the higher the risk of a concussion is evident (kch.illinois.edu). How do Concussions occur? Concussions can happen in any sport, at any time. They can occur during drills in practice, as well as in games. In fact, injuries during practice can be just as serious as those that happen during a game. Although more prevalent in contact sports, they may result from a fall, or when a moving object strikes a person's head. A blow that twists the head is more likely to result in loss of consciousness (Familydoctor.org). ...read more.

Conclusion

N.F.L. player, Andre Waters committed suicide in November 2004, and an explanation for his death has remainedunknown for years. He left a suicide note stating he would like to leave his brain for science to further study the effects of concussions. A Pittsburgh neuropathologist, Dr. Bennet Omaluh, was given permission to perform such tests. The doctor concluded that Mr. Waters had sustained brain damage from playing football, and said this led to his depression and death. The doctor determined that Mr. Waters's brain tissue had degenerated into that of an 85 year-old man with similar characteristics as those of early stage Alzheimer's victims. Dr. Omalu said he believed that the damage was caused by successive concussions (neurosurgery.pitt.edu). I believe there needs to be congressional help in combating this difficult issue of athletic concussions. Wearing a good quality helmet, a mouthpiece, and strengthening the neck muscles can help prevent concussions; however, much responsibility lies on the doctors, coaches, and surrounding medical staff. Also, although athletes may be eager to return to play, they need to be honest with the examiner, telling him or her exactly how they feel (EHow.com). On the field baseline neurocognitive test may be our best hope for the time being, that is, until more research on concussions and the equipment player's use can be conducted. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Contemporary Studies section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Contemporary Studies essays

  1. Introduction to Sports Psychology

    The Sport Competition Anxiety Test (SCAT) was developed by Rainer Martens in 1977. It measures competitive trait anxiety, and there is a children's version as well as adult version. Martens and his colleagues also developed another very popular questionnaire in 1982.

  2. Coaching Session Evaluation.

    Ewles and Simnett (1999) suggest two different ways of evaluation: self evaluation, requiring the ability of self-reflection, and feedback from others. The coach included both methods when planning appropriate evaluation methods for this session. But to ensure an objective measurement of effectiveness, efficiency and appropriateness, a questionnaire with scaled items

  1. A competent coach has many qualities and should be able to cater for the ...

    A coaches technique is what defines them as a coach, usually when looking back on a coach later in life you will remember their more than anything else, you remember whether they were ' a shouter and screamer' or a 'calm' coach.

  2. The Sports Industry

    Also on the website there is information on the history of the association, calendar of events coming up for the teams, results of past games/tournaments, the rules and laws of the game of bowls, news, documents and forms, sponsors page and umpiring and coaching.

  1. Physiological effects of the environment on the athlete

    This is why a breeze feels good on a hot day, and why we use fans to keep use cool. Radiation At rest radiation is the main method of heat loss. It is the process by which heat is lost (via electromagnetic waves)

  2. Contemporary Studies in Physical Education

    The main aim is to provide a high quality, structured management and coaching regime delivering training and development opportunities to select potential England players at all levels. Provision for Female Competitors The England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) is formed with the woman's Cricket Association (WCA)

  1. Critically analyse how the media, sports funding, education and the business sectors have affected ...

    Since the 1960's sports funding has progressively increased as the governments have realised the benefits of becoming involved with sports. Sports funding kicked off in a major way after England smashed the Germans to win the 1966 World Cup. As with England winning any sort of trophy for example The

  2. Safeguarding Children - Dangers of Abuse and Legislation

    Barred individuals can be placed on one or both of these lists. Certain offences will automatically result in a individual being barred. Relevant information about an individual can be referred to the ISA from interested parties such as employers, regulatory bodies or even concerned members of the public.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work