• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

"In order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world." Discuss and evaluate this claim.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

"In order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world." Discuss and evaluate this claim. If we look at the claim "in order to find out how things really are, one must understand the filters through which one perceives the world," we have to make certain definitions. The first definition has to do with the two words "things" and "filters". Next we need also to agree upon what the word "perception" means. From there we can carry on our discussion and evaluation of the claim. According to Michael Woolman and his book Ways of Knowing, information is acquired through our senses that are later on processed by our brains. It is a complex process that involves our five senses of seeing, hearing, smelling, touching and tasting. However, I believe in the context of the above mentioned claim it is more complicated and less straight forward. This is due to another essential word in this claim, which is "filters". I believe that the word filter here could mean a variety of things. It could mean for example our own opinions and beliefs concerning a variety of issues or things, those opinions are definitely affected by past experience, religious beliefs, cultural values, political ideology, level of tolerance, etc... In order to elaborate on what had been said, one has also to give examples in order to discuss, evaluate and validate the claim. ...read more.

Middle

Progressively scientific knowledge was used since the beginning of the Renaissance to explain many natural phenomena that we experience through our life on earth. However, we should never belittle the effect of religious and cultural convictions because, at times, they tend to have a deeper effect on society due to their popularity. The "filter" in this context might be affected by superstition, fear or customs. The example of throwing a young beautiful girl into the Nile River by the ancient Egyptians was done in the hope of pleasing the gods so that flooding of the river would not occur and they would be guarded against evilness. Lack of means and scientific knowledge to control those devastating floods had strengthened this belief in the past. In my opening paragraph I have talked about senses as being a major source of perception. However, I should remind myself that my senses might not always produce the right or correct effects. If I hear a strange voice at night fear can take over. Fear might prompt imagination to think that a wild animal is about to attack me. The "filter" of fear might exaggerate my anticipations. In the end the sound causing my fear would be no more than that of the wind for example. Another important point that we should look at in connection to "things" and "filters" is political ideologies. ...read more.

Conclusion

In this context Saddam became a "thing" and a menace that should be disposed. The pro anti Saddam media created an impression of a "filter" amongst people that the removal of Saddam was the only means to maintain collective security. On the other hand the pro Saddam regime media created another "filter". Saddam was portrayed as a hero, a national Arab hero that was facing up to colonial and imperialist powers on his own. The nationalistic forms of media manipulated people's emotions and created the "filters" of hatred to the west in general, and in particularly U.S.A and Britain. To come back to the claim made by the essay question it is quite clear that political, religious and cultural as well as intellectual filters play important roles in the way people perceive the world. "Things", here, could be issues, people and beliefs. The interaction between any person and the world in which he/she lives in is very complex. Therefore, the word perception should not be restricted to our five senses and the messages they send to the brain to be processed. Past experience, beliefs, the degree to which we can be objective as well as intellectual capabilities of analysis and reflection play important roles in the way we analyze and react to situations outside and inside ourselves. In conclusion the claim of the essay is a true one since it has been shown through the discussion the process in which our value system affects to a large extent our perception of the world. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Examine the first five chapters of 1984 - Discuss how Orwell explores and introduces ...

    3 star(s)

    As all the citizens recognise this and so they have no real friends or loved ones as their emotionally detached from their parents at birth and from their husbands or wives so they begin to see Big Brother as their God to look up to.

  2. The Productivity of Colonial Power

    However, just as Derrida's 'play' undermines and destabilises the text, Bhabha hypothesises that the 'play' of colonial discourse opens up problematic gaps. Colonial discourse can never reproduce itself exactly: the former dynamics have to be twisted to fit a new situation.

  1. Nationalism is a recipe for peace and international order. Discuss

    The ideas of liberal nationalism are a fusion of liberal thought and nationalism. Liberals regard nationalism as a tool for promoting unity and brotherhood between pre-existing nations, instead of distrust, rivalry and possible war. This belief is built off the basis of mutual respect of national rights and characteristics between nations.

  2. Critically evaluate the techniques used in the production and dissemination of propaganda in print ...

    Another popular method of propaganda is transferring, which is basically associating the original intended message / idea with something that is more lighthearted and already in place / enjoyable. The most common form of this is adding religious ties with political messages.

  1. Trust in the Press is essential in an ever changing society. Not only must ...

    In these circumstances I would argue for freedom of expression under the Human Rights Act 1998. Trainee journalist Bill Goodwin appealed successfully with this argument after he was fined for refusing to hand over documents concerning engineering company Terra Ltd.

  2. 'Parties do not matter anymore.' Discuss.

    However, many would argue that the extent to which parties do not matter anymore, particularly with regard to popular identification, has been exaggerated; parties could echo the words of Mart Twain: the report of my death was an exaggeration.'

  1. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    The constitution established presidential rule by granting the president substantial powers to overcome, and even ignore, the federal assembly (of which the Duma is the lower house), including rule by decree. Since neither Yeltsin nor Putin became members of a party, presidential politics is not party politics.

  2. Nationalism is inherently expansionist and destructive - discuss

    For example in Tanzania, Zimbabwe and Angola it is seen as necessary to suppress tribal rivalries in order for the country as a whole to progress. However it is problematic to attempt to attribute certain characteristics to anti-colonial and post-colonial nationalism, as it has varied significantly between different countries.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work