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"New Labour is completely different to Old Labour" Discuss

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Introduction

Politics Essay "New Labour is completely different to Old Labour" Discuss When discussing this topic, it is necessary to define what policies Old Labour had and New Labour has. Else it would not be possible to evaluate whether they are "completely different". It will also be necessary to define what New Labour actually is and why it came about. I will go through a number of key political issues such as Social Justice, The economy, Common ownership, Collectivism, Constitutional reform, Law and order and Foreign policy and then compare and contrast Old and New Labour policies on these issues. And i will evaluate that New Labour has changed from Old Labour enormously but still holds a few of the main principles. New Labour is the name given to the leadership of the Labour Party, later to the party as a whole, which came to power in the mid 1990's. New Labour was a moderate version of the Old Labour Party and is seen as being much more centralist. The Labour party experienced an ordeal when it had to deal with Thatcher and the New Right. Some wanted the party to become more moderate and this divided the party which caused many members to leave. ...read more.

Middle

Old Labour was extremely worried about unemployment (as it was not giving people equality of opportunity) which they deemed to be unjust and so they decided that it was necessary to intervene in the economy to reduce this. New Labour took a completely difference stance; they decided to intervene with the economy much less but allow public borrowing if it is used to invest in public services. They also decided to lower taxes and have the Bank of England control interest rates and this greatly benefited the economy for about ten years. Old Labour and socialists in general have objected to private property for many reasons and encouraged common ownership whilst New Labour, were completely the opposite and believed that property should remain private and they were against the nationalisation of industry. Old Labour strongly believed that property gives rise to inequality and it increases the possibility of exploitation by the property owners to those who lack it. They therefore felt that common ownership can create economic equality and it is more "natural" in the sense that no-one can own the Earth. It is also feasible that common ownership benefits the whole community. New Labour wanted property to remain private and unlike Old Labour didn't want nationalisation of industry because they thought that individuals prefer to own and control their own property. ...read more.

Conclusion

This has led to increasingly harsh measures against young offenders such as ASBO's as they strongly believe that it will deter the potential criminal in the first place. Isolationism was a strong policy of Old Labour in the sense that they wanted Britain to distance itself from international affairs which is the complete opposite of New Labour. Old Labour was very anti-European and didn't want to get involved with matters that did not concern herself. New Labour has taken Britain into a leading role in world affairs in which she tries to help poor countries and defend human rights (arguably more socialistic than Old Labour). To conclude I would make the general assumption that New Labour is very different from Old Labour although some of the traditional values are still there. Old Labour was very idealistic in the sense that everyone should be equal and people should be given little freedom but this was not very practical due to the fact that society was not able to function and it is impossible to create a completely free society without controlling peoples lives'. New Labour recognised this and decided to evolve it by allowing and encouraging individualism as well as collectivism and only focusing on the poverty stricken rather than a huge redistribution of wealth. This was much more effective as it gave people freedom whilst resolving the most serious of the inequalities in society. ...read more.

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