• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political Ideologies - Socialism.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Political Ideologies: Socialism Andrew Haywood Collectivism The belief is that the collective human endeavor is better in practical terms and on a moral basis than individualism and self-striving. This pushes forward an idea that humans are socially adhering creatures and that any group is good as a political entity. Thus, groups often mentioned in political contexts like 'class', 'race' and 'nation' are applicable to this concept. This term has been applied to several viewpoints and inconsistently due to the difference between the theories of which it has been applied. Some Anarchists apply collectivism to groups of associated individuals that govern themselves. Further away from this; some throw out any 'individuality' concept, and one can see how Collectivism might apply to this. The collective interest prevailing over the individual. This in other words is the many over the few. ...read more.

Middle

These socialists saw that the state in an effort to act in the favour of capital and negated the needs of the Labour. Thus, people like Marx said that revolution was unavoidable to instate Socialism. The context of these theories was unsettled with many discontent in the lower classes during the 19th century. Lenin saw Parliamentary democracy in an even dimmer light and called it a fa´┐Żade 'concealing the reality of class rule'. The view that the system was against the bourgeoisie was also supported by the fact 'concealing the reality of class rule'. The view that the system was against the bourgeoisie was also supported by the fact that all personnel of state came from a privileged social background. Evolutionary Socialism proposed a peaceful change as the working class lost the revolutionary urge amidst being integrated into society. ...read more.

Conclusion

Gradualism Gradualism was a belief that reform would come about inevitably; that Socialism would prevail with its presence in the diplomatic system. The Fabians saw Socialism as a definite result. This idea was founded upon the changes and prophesized changes of the democratic state allowing an avenue for Socialism to naturally prevail. Equality A fundamental value in which social cohesion and fraternity was a basis for the development of justice or equity. Although there was a shift towards liberal ideas, the socialist way ensured a more complete freedom in its theories. Ethical socialism Social democracy in the 20th C. is based upon a religious argument rather than on a scientific one. The latter was used by Marx, he saw he ideas as simply revealing the laws of social and historical development; with socialism as an inevitable outcome. Social democrats aimed to improve the moral concepts of capitalism towards the superior socialist values. Christianity was big in influencing it with concepts of brotherhood. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Explain And Discuss How The "Ideologies Of Welfare" Explored In This Module Can Be ...

    3 star(s)

    welfare system as embodied the complex notions of private, voluntary and statutory providers of welfare, in an attempt to provide for the many needs and interests of the modern diverse UK society. Profoundly, New Labour have accepted the benefits of state holding back and giving way to other systems of welafre provision.

  2. 'Socialists have disagreed on both the means and ends of socialism' - Discuss

    It is also true that orthodox communism is linked with revolutionary socialism, as this is modelled on the Soviet version of socialism which began with the Russian Revolution of 1917. It stands to reason that if there is so much difference in the types of socialism achieved through revolution, an

  1. Political Ideologies

    a good thing Classical Liberalism * Commitment to an extreme form of individualism - humans are self-reliant people * Humans owe nothing to society or to any other individual * Atomist view of society is applied by which a society I made up of self sufficient individuals * No state

  2. Extent of key political ideas in directly influencing change and development .

    This therefore stimulated Nationalistic feelings amongst many academics in both Germany and Italy, who realised the value that was attached to local institutions, native customs, traditional culture and national language, thus promoting the cause of unification. The growth of nationalism in Germany was fuelled by several situations e.g.

  1. How revolutionary were Lutheran and Calvinist theories of authority?

    the sake of their high office.'13 In terms of resistance against authority he says, 'Christians are not only forbidden to avenge themselves, they are also commanded to wait for the hand of God, who has promised to avenge the oppressed and afflicted.'14 'And make no mistake: it is impossible to

  2. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    Rent of your lodging, conditions of lease, number of rooms, persons living in them, repair, insurance, buying and repairing furniture, heating, lighting, water, etc. (b) Food - bread, meat, vegetables, potatoes, etc, dairy produce, eggs, fish, butter, vegetable, oil, lard, sugar, salt, groceries, coffee, chicory, beer, wine, etc., tobacco. (c)

  1. The rise of the Labour Party had more to do with class consciousness than ...

    According to David Martin, the forces that were having this effect upon the urban working class were also affecting the lower middle class way of life. The gap between the two was widening, and Martin characterises the Edwardian era as the period in which class consciousness was perceptibly growing.

  2. The Parliamentary Reform and Redistribution Act of 1884 - 1885.

    The Liberals therefore had the responsibility to the Working Class, yet however there was a great disadvantage to the Liberals The Socialist Movement with The SDF and the Fabian Society As the Socialist Movement in Britain failed and the Liberal system was crumbling many hundreds of Socialist Societies sprang up around Britain.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work