• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political Ideologies - Socialism.

Extracts from this document...


Political Ideologies: Socialism Andrew Haywood Collectivism The belief is that the collective human endeavor is better in practical terms and on a moral basis than individualism and self-striving. This pushes forward an idea that humans are socially adhering creatures and that any group is good as a political entity. Thus, groups often mentioned in political contexts like 'class', 'race' and 'nation' are applicable to this concept. This term has been applied to several viewpoints and inconsistently due to the difference between the theories of which it has been applied. Some Anarchists apply collectivism to groups of associated individuals that govern themselves. Further away from this; some throw out any 'individuality' concept, and one can see how Collectivism might apply to this. The collective interest prevailing over the individual. This in other words is the many over the few. ...read more.


These socialists saw that the state in an effort to act in the favour of capital and negated the needs of the Labour. Thus, people like Marx said that revolution was unavoidable to instate Socialism. The context of these theories was unsettled with many discontent in the lower classes during the 19th century. Lenin saw Parliamentary democracy in an even dimmer light and called it a fa´┐Żade 'concealing the reality of class rule'. The view that the system was against the bourgeoisie was also supported by the fact 'concealing the reality of class rule'. The view that the system was against the bourgeoisie was also supported by the fact that all personnel of state came from a privileged social background. Evolutionary Socialism proposed a peaceful change as the working class lost the revolutionary urge amidst being integrated into society. ...read more.


Gradualism Gradualism was a belief that reform would come about inevitably; that Socialism would prevail with its presence in the diplomatic system. The Fabians saw Socialism as a definite result. This idea was founded upon the changes and prophesized changes of the democratic state allowing an avenue for Socialism to naturally prevail. Equality A fundamental value in which social cohesion and fraternity was a basis for the development of justice or equity. Although there was a shift towards liberal ideas, the socialist way ensured a more complete freedom in its theories. Ethical socialism Social democracy in the 20th C. is based upon a religious argument rather than on a scientific one. The latter was used by Marx, he saw he ideas as simply revealing the laws of social and historical development; with socialism as an inevitable outcome. Social democrats aimed to improve the moral concepts of capitalism towards the superior socialist values. Christianity was big in influencing it with concepts of brotherhood. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Explain And Discuss How The "Ideologies Of Welfare" Explored In This Module Can Be ...

    3 star(s)

    Driver and Martell (1998) stated that New Labour in their approach were reforms of conservative policies not ther abolition. New Labour policies have accepted and has committed to the exoistence of a market economy. New Labour aim to enable people to work in and benefit from such an economy, rather than dwelling upon the disadvantaged.

  2. Socialist uses of workers' inquiry

    are owned by a small minority of people. We refer to this group of people as the capitalist class. The majority of people must sell their ability to work in return for a wage or salary (who we refer to as the working class.)

  1. Political Ideologies

    a good thing Classical Liberalism * Commitment to an extreme form of individualism - humans are self-reliant people * Humans owe nothing to society or to any other individual * Atomist view of society is applied by which a society I made up of self sufficient individuals * No state

  2. Why does Marx believe that capitalism will inevitably give way to socialism?

    Work in the capitalist society is a degrading process and so the proletariat become alienated from the essence of their very beings. A human's most creative act becomes a possession in the capitalist mode of production - merchandise in the hands of the owners.

  1. The rise of the Labour Party had more to do with class consciousness than ...

    There was a strong tendency toward the Liberal traditions of piecemeal reform and compromise within the existing political structure - neither of which indicated a particularly socialist intent. This can be explained in part by the fact that the trade unionists came from a background of negotiation and compromise, leading

  2. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    Within a month of the 1993 election, the number of independents in the Duma dropped from 141 to 47. Several members who had run as party list candidates also changed affiliations. The two parties that experienced the greatest change in affiliation by October 1995 were Russia's Choice (the party most

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work