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Political parties and Ideas - Thatcherism

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Introduction

´╗┐Political Parties and Ideas - Questions 1) Using an example, define consensus politics. Consensus politics is when there is an overlap of ideological positions between two or more political parties. This is typically shown through two parties having an agreement about their fundamental policy goals, such as all main political parties in the UK currently wanting to reduce the deficit. However, this agreement on the fundamentals of politics still permits disagreement on matters of detail or emphasis. This can be illustrated through the differing ways, or the speeds of which each political party wishes to reduce the deficit. The current co-alition formed between the conservative and Liberal Government parties in 2010 also illustrates how there can be consensus politics present along side disagreements on detail and emphasis of certain policies. Another example of consensus political is how each political party in the UK currently agrees on anti-terrorism. In this case, there is no disagreement on matters of detail or emphasis, it is an absolute consensus. Historically, there have also been examples of consensus politics, such as the post-war consensus between the Labour and Conservative parties over welfare and benefits. 2) Explain the ideas and policies that link the modern labour party to socialism? A faction is a sub section of a party who have a specific set of ideas on how the specific party should lead itself. In the modern day conservative party there are 2 main factions, the one nation Tories and the new right conservatives. ...read more.

Middle

Thatcherism is associated with monetarism; the theory or practice of controlling the flow of money for stabilising the economy. This means that inflation is due to there being too much money in the economy. The government should seek control of monetary supply throughout the economy; the expenditure should be controlled by the state and be regulated. It has, however, been argued that Thatcherites are not strictly monetarism in practice as they still allow quite a free market and free spending from private and external investors. Thatcherite views are not to dissimilar to those of the current Chinese government whereby they do not allow over a certain amount of money to leave the country by one individual, meaning that Chinese people may not spend more money on foreign goods than their own. Thatcherites in some ways seem more liberal, in the form of them choosing to use ideologies from the ?handbook? of the modern day labour party, as they do favour the poor more than other forms of conservatism in the reduction of inflation; which wouldn?t be an issue with the middle class. However they also do retain quite typical authoritarian and conservative values by their slow change approach and tough regulations. In what ways do UK parties accept Thatcherite ideas and policies? Thatcherite policies and ideas have presented themselves well beyond the days of Thatcher in office. Even labour governments have adopted the ideologies. Governments under the rule of John Major, Tony Blair, Gordon Brown and David Cameron all present Thatcherite views and ideas in the way they run. ...read more.

Conclusion

UKIP however do not believe that overseas purchase of business should be encouraged. This means that UKIP, along with Thatcherism ideology believe in a small state and public sector. This would generate more money to spend on essential ?front line? services such as police and education. One way that Thatcherism and UKIP?s policies and ideologies are different is that UKIP does not support homosexual marriage; however dies show some lenience in that they support civil partnerships between homosexual couples. The BNP claims to ?reject the notion? of Thatcherism in regards to its economic policies. The BNP claims that Thatcherism is ?submitting to the dictates of the international marketplace? and ?has no loyalty to this country?. This means that they think that Thatcherism, by creating a free market for trade globally, provides loss of business to British owned companies. This notion is of course completely and utterly ridiculous as the restriction of foreign investors to British companies would ultimately cause overseas links to corrode as business links will become invalid. This would then leave the UK open to attack both politically and through combat. The idea that creating a free market that ultimately out competes UK owned companies is solely held by the far right, This doesn?t line up to the typically accepted Thatcherite view. The BNP is future removed from Thatcherite views in its opposition to both abortions and legalised homosexuality. The Thatcherite views are generally accepted as a blanket form of views throughout many different political parties, however some parties, such as the BNP and part of Labour, Disagree as Thatcherite views are contradictory to their core ideologies. ...read more.

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