• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Political Parties, Role and Ideology/Policies Qa (i) Ideology is the core fundamental beliefs the make up basic principles of a political party

Extracts from this document...


POLITICS Political Parties, Role and Ideology/Policies Qa (i) Ideology is the core fundamental beliefs the make up basic principles of a political party, for example views of individualism, equal opportunities and free market are considered as Ideologies. Policy is the 'plan of action' that a political party follows and implements, this will be compiled/decided by eg. the cabinet or focus groups. It often goes through two stages the first being the preliminary green paper stage before becoming a white paper as it becomes legislation. Qa (ii) The purpose of a political party is to represent the views of the people in order to gain support from the electorate. This system which has existed since the 18th century, depends upon there being organised political groups, each of which presents its policies to the electorate with extensive lobbying for approval. The party that wins most seats (although not necessarily the most votes- due to first past the post system) at a General Election, or which has the support of a majority of members in the House of Commons, usually becomes the Government. In our democratic system there is a wide range of parties that endeavour to cater for the radical revolutionists to the moderate middle ground with different ideologies, which is crucial for a fair and representative democracy to function. Then in theory the opposition parties then ensure with reason that the government performs their duties in a professional and appropriate manner, with the endless scrutiny of every move they make. ...read more.


New Labour on the other hand has come to accept that the class system has broken down and that this old fashioned concept of segregation between the classes is no longer true in our modern society. People identify less with a specific class; they are more interested in their own personal issues. New Labour has come to recognise this. Also, the attitude towards collectivism has shifted a lot. Old Labour believes that people enjoy working collectively to achieve a common goal. New Labour has come to accept that people nowadays are actually more interested in working towards their own personal goals, than towards collective goals. An example of this is the welfare state. This was and to an extent still is a symbol of collectivism, however, nowadays; New Labour tries to implement policies that encourage individuality, for instance, owning your own home. The welfare system has been restructured to promote self-reliance rather than dependency on the state. The concept of equality has also changed. Old Labour was quite keen to stress that it did not try and impose equality; it rather tried to reduce inequalities. New Labour has changed this view by accepting that in a free market capitalist state inequality will grow. It has however, implemented safeguards to ensure that people do not fall below a certain standard of living. The concept of equality is no longer seen in the same light as it was before; it has lost some of its previous importance. ...read more.


One cannot be confused about the nature of political parties, they are not in the business of getting ethics awards, they are in a fight for votes. A totally dog eat dog world, they cannot afford to take too much consideration into their moral obligation to provide a real choice, that is if its their moral obligation. Hence one now has to refer back to the question 'Do the Labour and Conservative Parties offer a sufficient difference in policies to give the voter a real choice'? If you look at the specific detail you could well argue they don't with them being policy wise similar, but in reality the similarities can only be expected, an rationally speaking you cant really do anything about it. Does the answer then not depend on your opinion as to what role political parties should fulfil and in what way it should conduct itself and from that one can conclude whether you think that they offer a real choice. If you think they should cater for the masses in general you may well believe they offer a real choice, but on the other hand if you believe they should endeavour to cater for a much wider range of opinions and views you may well feel they don't offer a real choice. Therefore there seems to be no clear answer, and that it may simply come down to personal opinion and preference, because after all what the parties are trying to do is represent peoples opinions, and its just how they do this that is up for debate. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    "Explain And Discuss How The "Ideologies Of Welfare" Explored In This Module Can Be ...

    3 star(s)

    Taking the former, Keynesian economics, refers to the works of John Maynard Keynes. The main aim of Keynesian economics was to maintain a high standard of employment, for governments adopting this way of thinking; there is a greater role of intervention and an attempt to manage the economy in a more active manner.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    To what extent has the Labour Party today abandoned its core values?

    3 star(s)

    New Labour realised this, and so, under New Labour, Britain is to take a leading role in world affairs. An ethical foreign policy is designed to help poor countries and help defend human rights. This policy change is monumental, for Labour has gone from being staunchly isolationist, to avidly internationalist

  1. Analyse the main differences between Liberal and Marxist ideology

    Under capitalism, not advocated but generally exists in a Liberal democracy, the capitalists own the means of production, the proletariat own only their capacity to work. Landlords rule the land, and the peasants are less significant than workers and are trapped in the idiocy of rural life.

  2. This essay is aimed to discuss the meaning of ideology and it different uses ...

    name paternalism, because the welfare state did not attempt to abolish hierarchy and authority but to establish the role of social obligation and duty. Libertarian conservatives have adopted liberal ideas, and those from this perspective are commonly referred to as 'New Right' the ideas in this perspectives seem to correspond with those of traditional liberalism.

  1. Accounts for the changes in voting behaviour in the last 30 years in UK ...

    Several aspects need to be examined. The impact that the party leader has on the electorate is not to be underestimated, having the right figure representing the party's policies on key issues can have just as much bearing as the issues themselves. An example of this can be seen in the election campaign in the United

  2. Power and Politics in Organizations: Public and Private Sector Comparisons

    As I have suggested, this pyramid is not just one of positions and authority but also of command and control. That is, as long as the pyramid remains a pyramid, even slightly, it is a power arrangement governed by

  1. To what extent is Marxism a flawed political ideology?

    but on the contrary, it is their social existence which determines their consciousness." Quotes such as this have led critics to believe that Marx suggested that human thought cannot be controlled by human choice, and that individuals are merely puppets of the environment in which they live.

  2. Are Judges Politicians In Disguise?

    School applicant who claimed to be rejected on grounds on racial discrimination. The Supreme Court upheld the affirmative action admissions policy of the University of Michigan Law School. The decision was 5-4. The power of Supreme Court judges also shows they have a wide jurisdiction.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work