• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent is the global system now multipolar?

Extracts from this document...


´╗┐AKASH GAJJAR To what extent is the global system now multipolar? As opposed to all the other polarities, a multipolar system is one that consists of more than two super or great powers. Middle and small powers group themselves alongside the large power or under its protection, which is usually for economic, military and ideological reasons. Multi-polarity was seen to exist up until the end of the Second World War but then it disintegrated during the Cold War period where there was a sense of real bi-polarity with the USA and the Soviet Union. However, with the rise of China and the strengthening of the EU, the global system at the present moment of time could be seen as multipolar. The global system could definitely be viewed as a multipolar system if the system is analysed from an economic perspective. With the world recession and credit crunch coming into effect in 2009 many of the traditional leading states have heavily been damaged but some have emerged with prosperity in such times and have minimally effected. The USA suffered a lot with their economy when they took a hit with their credit rating as Standard & Poor?s downgraded their credit rating from AAA to AA+. ...read more.


Therefore, some may see this as clear evidence that China has risen so far and so quickly that they have almost got the global system into one of uni-polarity, with other states such as USA now falling short of their power. On the other hand, the twenty first century has shown real signs of uni-polarity as opposed to multi-polarity. The reason for this is that the USA has really taken on the role of acting as the ?World?s Policeman?. A prime example of this was witnessed in 2003 with the US led invasion of Iraq when USA believed that Iraq possessed Mass Weapons of Destruction (WMDs) and therefore went and invaded Iraq whilst also using hard power to uproot Sadam Hussein. However this did consequently disrupt and tarnish the global image of USA and the war was later declared as illegal by Kofi Annan despite USA claiming that it was pre-emptive self-defence. The sense of the uni-polarity from the USA being the ?World?s Policeman? is also highlighted by the combination of carrying out this role as well as pursuing their global interests. The Middle East conflict between Israel and Palestine had the USA play a large role in the peace process and provided Israel with aid. ...read more.


Syria is a key state for them as China and Russia are actively involved in Syria?s oil industry due to the Al-Furat Petroleum Company and the China National Petroleum Corporation having a joint venture as well as the Russian company Tatneft. Therefore, if China and Russia were to support a resolution in Syria then this would be a major hit to both of their relations. In essence, this highlights that as there is strong interdependence between different nation states it almost acts as barrier for any state to be clearly the strongest and promote a feeling of uni or bipolarity instead of multipolarity. In conclusion, I believe that our global system looks to be more of multipolar one rather than a uni or even bipolar system. However, I do agree with Professor Fukuyama that there is a ?victory for capitalism? and we are seeing that come to fruition with the emerging states such as India, China and Brazil adopting that theory more and therefore creating a sense of multipolarity through the use of the economic power that hey posses. On the other hand, a report published by John Chipman indicated that the terms multipolarity, uni-polarity and bipolarity are now outdated and that we have moved into a period where relations are too complex to be described with such words. Consequently, Chipman describes the twenty first century global system as a ?non-polar? one. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Political Philosophy section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Political Philosophy essays

  1. Razzledazzle[1]: The Mexican President

    afterwards becoming the Party of the Mexican Revolution (PRM), to later turn into the renowned PRI.8 Lázaro Cárdenas (1934 -1940) introduced the third pillar of the system; the outgoing president possessed all the necessary qualities to choose his successor, yet might not remain in power.

  2. The study of international or rather global politics, seeks to provide an account of ...

    Classical approaches to sovereignty and power (a) Machiavelli I believe that it is pertinent to begin this section with a brief look at the work of Nicolo Machiavelli. Possibly his most recognised work The Prince was completed in 1513 and is still one of the most influential pieces of political literature.

  1. Power and Politics in Organizations: Public and Private Sector Comparisons

    Nevertheless, in the corporate sphere, as in the sphere of the state, the powers available to managers must be and often are used to end an aura of legitimacy not just to existing rules and policies but also to the outcomes that derive from them (Hardy and Clegg 1996: 630).

  2. So, whats wrong with Anarchism?

    They do forget however that what might be in someone's good interest may collide with someone else's interest, and since there is no authority they would have to sort it out between themselves and in many cases this would undoubtedly end with violence.

  1. To what extent do recent elections in the UK and the USA support the ...

    In Britain in 2001 "only 14% described themselves as 'very strong' party supporters." This was from a high point of 40% in the 1960's. (J. Fisher et al., 2003: 163) In 1996 52% of voters "did not identify with either party."

  2. World Bipolarity

    However, this war was carried out in competitive methods such as the arms race and also the race to build nuclear WMDs. International politics within this period were shaped and moulded by the deep seated enmity between the two world powers and the political ideologies they both held.

  1. Russia's Political Party System as an Obstacle to Democratization

    The overriding issue of the 1989 campaign was reform, but this did little to stimulate the formation of a party system structure since many of the reform candidates, along with the hard-liners, were still members of the Communist Party. In addition, Democratic Russia itself not only eschewed party status but

  2. Review on Anarchism - 'A Government which governs least governs best'.

    Authority is based on political inequality and the right to influence the behaviour of others and limits human life. A person with high skills and knowledge seems to have adverse authority over people. This is supported by Paul Goodwin 'many are ruthless and most live in fear.'

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work