• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why is there still so much fear, suspicion and hatred between the Israelis and the Palestinians?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why is there still so much fear, suspicion and hatred between the Israelis and the Palestinians? The fear, suspicion and hatred between the Palestinians and the Israelis are present because of many causes, both short term and long term. Both the Israelis and the Palestinians believe they have cause to hate each other. One of the earliest long-term events that contribute to the current hostility is the Deir Yassin massacre in 1948-9. The Deir Yassin massacre was caused by Operation Dalet, which was launched by the Haganah, in an attempt to split the Arab states by capturing villages in between Jaffa and Jerusalem. In the massacre at Deir Yassin, 250 civilians were killed, consisting of men, women and children. This massacre started the Palestinian refugee problem, which still exists now. Evidence suggests that the exodus was caused by panic attacks. Menachim Begin, leader of the Irgun which carried out the massacre described how the "Arabs throughout the country, induced to believe wild tales of 'Irgun butchery', were seized with limitless panic and started to flee"(Conflict in Palestine Textbook). Many accounts state that panic caused by the massacre spread throughout Palestine. An Israeli writing in 1964 described the situation; "An uncontrolled panic spread through all Arab quarters, the Israelis brought up jeeps with loudspeakers which broadcast recorded 'horror sounds'." ...read more.

Middle

In Beirut, where the massacre took place, a large number of civilians were killed. The estimates vary a lot, from under 500 to over 3000. At the time, Ariel Sharon was the Israeli Defence Minister. In 2002, Ariel Sharon was Prime Minister. Many Palestinians in Jenin claim that there was a massacre at Jenin in 2002, but Sharon claims that only "a few dozen Palestinians were killed." However, the Israelis refused to let the UN send an investigative team to find out what had happened, which made the situation very suspicious. Many Palestinians and Arabs believe that there was a massacre, and therefore, mistrust towards Sharon increased, as they feel that Sharon is still capable of acts such as these, and that history would repeat itself. Yitzhak Rabin is another figure that has influenced attitudes. He was the head of the new government in 1992 after 15 years of Likud rule. He wanted peace, but many right wing and religious Israelis didn't want to return the West Bank and Gaza to the Palestinians. They didn't want to part with the land because a lot of biblical events had happened there. In November 1995, Yigal Amir, a 27-year-old Jew, assassinated Rabin. ...read more.

Conclusion

The Christian militia, the Phalange, attacked civilians for many hours, killing women, children and the elderly. The Israeli army could see what was happening from a distance but did nothing to stop them. Certain figures also helped create the hate and suspicion between the Israelis and the Palestinians. One such figure is Yasser Arafat. He was the former leader of the PLO and a reformed terrorist. Because of his background, the Israelis were wary of him, even though he claimed to have left that and gone into politics legally. Another important figure is Ariel Sharon. The mistrust of the Palestinians toward Sharon was increased because of the 'massacre' at Jenin. The actual number of those massacred is still unclear, and a UN investigative team was not allowed access by the Israelis. This made the whole incident even more suspicious. All these points helped to fuel the fear, hatred and suspicion of the Israelis against the Palestinians and vice versa. These views are, and still will be, passed from one generation to the next, and until these views can be at least confined, no amount of peace treaties will remedy this conflict. The conflict between the Palestinians and the Israelis is present today, even if news coverage on the issue is sparse. This conflict is based on the fear, hatred and suspicion that each have for one another. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Middle east section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Middle east essays

  1. Beliefs - "One man's terrorist is another man's freedom fighter."

    They have the power to change their country, and because many other countries are under the influence of the US (for instance the UK) they could have the power to change the world. Groups like the Islamic Jihad, however, do not have the power, and this is why they resort to using violence.

  2. The Cause of Hatred and Distrust in the Middle East.

    is about two million, of which Palestinian Arabs comprise 83% (1.7 million) and Jews comprise about 17% (340,000). The predominant religions in the West Bank are thus about 75% Muslim and 17% Jewish (with the balance being mostly Christians). Basically there are about two million Arab Muslims surrounded by about 4.8 million Jews.

  1. Why is it difficult to keep peace talks going in the Middle East?

    The agreement shattered Arab unity, other Arab leaders condemned Sadat as traitor and expelled Egypt from the Arab League, and he was assassinated in 1981 by Muslim extremists. Israelis were also divided between those who supported Begin and those who believed he had sacrificed the country's security.

  2. Free essay

    why some palestinians dont agree with terrorism

    and is trying to make his marriage accepted. This dilemma has been going on for some time and as Jasmine explains "I feel like a refugee", the dispute between Palestinians and Israelis is affecting lives of innocent people who fell in love and could just do without the bother of politics and suffering.

  1. What happened to the Palestinians as a consequence of the 1948 War? Now internationally ...

    However till this day most if not all are still waiting. In 1948 the Israelis believed that some of the refugees that had left were hostile and threatening. They did not want such people back in their new homeland so passed a law forbidding the Palestinians to return.

  2. History Coursework: The Arab-Israeli Conflict

    However, the interviewer is unknown. We are told when the book was published and the page it is to be found in. This makes it obvious that the PLO member who spoke the words is a Palestinian leader. The source explains why the PLO acts as they do.

  1. How did the village of Dier Yassin come to be fought over in 1948, ...

    of brutal murderers then it will caste the Israelis in a bad light thus making the Palestinians seem to be on the morally right side. Nevertheless, the facts do in some ways support the opinion trying to be created: 154 men, women and children were infact killed, they were not

  2. Why was the State of Israel successfully established in 1948?

    To understand Israel's astonishing success in the face of mass adversity during 1948, it is necessary to debunk some of the myths surrounding Israel's military capabilities in 1948 and instead focus on the pre-independence efforts made by the Zionist movement which greatly prepared Israel for the expected Arab League attack

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work