• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Abnormal Behaviour - Humanistic model

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ABNORMAL BEHAVIOUR There are many different models of abnormal behaviour, which give different explanations for 'mental disorders'. Here are the different models and brief descriptions of each models theory on 'mental disorders'. * Medical/Neurobiological model - This a biological approach that views mental disorders as a 'illness' or 'disease', which has been caused through physical illness or an imbalance in bodily processes. * Psychodynamic model - This approach was developed by Freud (1915-1918) to emphasize the internal dynamics and conflicts that occur at an unconscious level. * Behavioural model - this theory views abnormal behaviour is learnt in the same way as other behaviour is through stimulus-response mechanisms and operant conditioning. * Cognitive model - this approach looks at how people receive, store, retrieve and process information. The logic behind this model is that the 'thinking' processes between stimulus and response are responsible for the 'feeling' component of response. * Humanistic model - This model views behaviour as controlled by the decisions that people make about their lives based on their perceptions of the world. ...read more.

Middle

As adults these children are more likely to recognise their own faults and blame themselves for these faults, they are reluctant to accept their good qualities. This is why Rogers claimed it is the child's behaviour and not the child that should be criticised. Rogers claimed that this could generate feeling of low self-worth, which can affect psychological well-being and can lead to maladjustment. People have a healthy sense of well-being by maintaining a reasonable consistency between ideal-self and actual behaviour. This is what Rogers called congruence. People who set themselves goals and ideal standards that are difficult or maybe even impossible to achieve set themselves up for failure. Rogers called this incongruence, the greater the gap between ideal-self and actual-self the greater the incongruence. There are strengths and limitations with this model like the others. The humanistic approach is a person-centred approach, which focuses on mental health and well being rather than illness. It also focuses on personal growth rather than mental disorder. Some would argue that this is overly optimistic. ...read more.

Conclusion

As this is an insight therapy is may not be possible to use on people with severe mental disorders, as I have mentioned before, because the therapy deals with deeper emotions. A person with a severe mental disorder may not be able to express these emotions and this type of therapy could make them more unstable in their condition. The humanistic model focuses on the persons ability to fulfil their potential and, as the psychodynamic model, claims that early environmental experiences are important to later development in an individuals life. The model as in every models case cannot be used in every case of mental disorder, as it would not be practical due to the focus on self-cure. The theory also tries to encourage not to blame a child for its behaviour but to criticise the behaviour itself, however the theory seems to be blaming the carers of the individual for the psychological imbalance. After looking at all the models and their theories I believe that there are many different factors, not just a child carers, which can affect the child's progress later in life. 0 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Psychology Essay The Biological Model The biological model views abnormally behaviour as ...

    Firstly Szasz argues that so-called mental illnesses are not diseases of biological origin but are 'problems in living' caused by psychological and social factors. He believes that people whose abnormal behaviour is due to genuine brain disease should be referred to as neurologically impaired.

  2. Free essay

    Unmasking Anxiety with Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

    They pointed out the Exchequer's (national treasury) expense of 750 pounds a month that an individual collects in capacity benefits due to mental illness such as depression or anxiety (Laynard). If sufferers of anxiety and depression were treated for their illness, they would take fewer sick days.

  1. PERSONALITY DISORDERS

    2. A pattern of unstable and intense interpersonal relationships characterised by alternating between extremes of idealization and devaluation. 3. Identity disturbance: markedly and persistently unstable self-image or sense of self. 4. Impulsivity in at least two areas that are potentially self-damaging (e.g.

  2. Is Popular culture an Influence on Violent Behaviour?

    Merrell's results had deep implications for human beings, if an experiment could ever be recreated in a human social context. He found that the control group of mice, who did not listen to any music, were able to cut five minutes off their time; the mice that listened to classical

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work