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Abraham Maslow is known for establishing the theory of hierarchy of needs, writing that human beings are being motivated by unsatisfied needs and that certain lower needs need to be satisfied before higher needs can be satisfied

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Introduction

BIOGRAPHY Abraham Harold Maslow was born on 1st April 1908 in Brooklyn, New York. He was the first of seven children born to his parents, Jewish immigrants from Russia. His parents hopes for the best for their children and pushed Maslow harder for academic success. Not surprisingly, he became very lonely as a boy and found his refuge in books. In line with his parents' wishes, Abraham Maslow began to study law at the City College of New York. Then he transferred to Wisconsin and became fascinated by psychology and his school work began to improve dramatically. Maslow did not graduate in law but awarded junior and senior degrees of PhD level in psychology by the University of Wisconsin between 1930 and 1934.He began teaching full time at Brooklyn College and became a full professor in Psychology. In 1951, he served as the chair of the Psychology department at Brandeis and began his own theoretical work. ...read more.

Middle

He called these needs "deficiency needs". As long as we are motivated to satisfy these cravings we are moving towards growth, towards self-actualization,. Satisfying needs are healthy; blocking gratification makes us sick or evil. Needs are prepotent. A prepotent need is one that has the greatest influence over our actions. Everyone has a prepotent need, but that need will vary among individuals. According to Maslow, when the deficiency needs are met: At once other (and higher) needs emerge and these, rather than physiological hungers, dominate the organism. In addition, when these in turn are satisfied, another pops up to take its place. PHYSIOLOGICAL NEEDS Physiological needs are the very basic needs such as air, water, food, sleep, sex, etc. When these are not satisfied we may feel sickness, irritation, pain, discomfort, etc. These feelings motivate us to alleviate them as soon as possible to establish homeostasis. Once they are alleviated, we may think about other things. ...read more.

Conclusion

It is stated that in order to maximize on the effectiveness of school-wide and individual classroom teaching programs, administrators and teachers must consider students' needs and their hierarchical order This must be a top priority in the development of these programs so that students have the capability of reaching their highest levels of potentials. Maslow stressed that only when we are anchored in community do we developed self-esteem, the need to assure ourselves of our own worth as individuals. Maslow claimed that the need for self-esteem can be met through mastery or achievements in a given field or through gaining respect or recognition from others. Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Theory will give an impact of learning through emphasizing on the child's self-worth that can be developed from the sense of achievements that is generated from the child's sense of belonging. This hierarchy of Needs have to be fulfilled in order for the students have the full concentration to study. ?? ?? ?? ?? 2 Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Karenkimsin2006 Maslows Hierarchy of Needs Karenkimsin2006 ...read more.

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