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Alcoholics Generated From Family

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Introduction

Akerman 1 Alcoholics Generated From The Family Tamra Akerman Lively District Secondary School Akerman 2 Many factors affect the way an adolescent reacts to the peer pressures of substance abuse. Many of these factors can be traced back to the adolescent's family environment and upbringing. Researchers have described children of alcoholics as victims of an alcoholic family environment characterized by disruption, deviant parental role models, inadequate parenting, and disturbed parent child relationships. (Black.1982) An adolescent's home and family are their primary source of the concepts of what is considered acceptable for drinking. Therefore, it is hardly surprising, that children follow their parents' example. In many other cases it is found that some children of parents who drink heavily may reject their parents and their drinking behaviors because of the problems that arise because of it, such as embarrassment, social displacement or an abusive upbringing associated with it, and therefore as adults they will drink little or nothing. (Jennison.2001) What is an alcoholic? An Alcoholic describes a person who habitually uses intoxicating liquor to such an extent that he has lost the power of self-control with respect to the use of intoxicating liquor Akerman 3 or to such an extent as to endanger the health safety or welfare of himself or other persons." (Hyperdictionary.2003) Drinking can play a major role in a social respect, and is very rarely considered the powerful drug that it actually is, because of the good and relaxing effect it has on the bodies response system, but alcoholics don't know of limits when it comes to the consumption of alcohol and they feel the need to drink alcohol all the time. ...read more.

Middle

It is estimated that two thirds of first marriages will be disrupted by separation or divorce, and about half of all American children born during the 1980's, many of them today's teens, will experience their parents divorce. (West and Printz. 1987) A new long-term study of divorce found that children of divorced parents continue to suffer negative effects from the family break up into adulthood. The study by Dr. Judith S. Wallerstein and Dr. Julia Lewis, was presented at the Second World Congress of Family Law and the Rights of Children and Youth, held in San Francisco June 2-7. Family break up left children less resistant to the fulfillment promised by drugs, alcohol and early sex, these researchers found that half of the children in the sample became involved in serious drugs and alcohol abuse as adolescents, often without and indication that teen parents noticed or cared about their behavior. Entry into adulthood for the children of divorced parents is often a task for which they were poorly prepared and for this they had little help. A number of studies have found that the children from non-inact Akerman 5 or non-standard families have a raised risk of substance misuse as well as other problems. A Finnish study showed that the highest risk of adolescent substance use, dependent on the illicit drug abuse treatment were found in 1) families with a father and a stepmother and 2) families in which the adolescent was married and living with him or her spouse. ...read more.

Conclusion

Akerman 9 Researchers are trying to treat the problem by trying to get the (COA's) to rebuilding self-esteem and relearn to communicate and trust and love. They begin with identifying what, exactly, went wrong in the first place. Since learning about the dynamics of alcoholism is important to the process, many therapists recommend such self-help programs as Al-Anon, Children of Alcoholics, or Adult Children of Alcoholics. Professionals recommend dietary changes, and such stress-reduction techniques as meditation, aerobics, and visualization or affirmation exercises. (Turney.2000) "Whatever form treatment takes, children of alcoholics need to develop a healthy sense of self-esteem being free of guilt, fear, and blame so they can see themselves as okay even when those around them may not be." (Turney.2000) Once they have learnt to see the past for what it is, past, and the present for what it is, a present, you're not going to find a good reason to be stopped by anything at all, especially mom or dad's problem or the memories of it. (A.C.S.W.S.O. 2003) Each of us may have had to grow up playing our parents' games, questioning our value, living in the shadow of alcoholism or chemical dependency. Akerman 10 But that doesn't mean we're stuck there. And even if we did learn to pretend that things were fine when they weren't, it's okay to stop pretending now. (ACA-ACOA Discussion Group.2003) It is evident that parental alcohol abuse may have a range of possible unpleasant effects on adolescents. Without appropriate parent-child or family based interventions, these disruptive, alcohol-influenced parenting behaviors may contribute to depression and anxiety disorders and misbehavior among children and adolescents. ...read more.

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