• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  3. 3
    3
  4. 4
    4
  5. 5
    5
  6. 6
    6
  7. 7
    7
  8. 8
    8
  9. 9
    9
  10. 10
    10
  11. 11
    11
  12. 12
    12
  13. 13
    13
  14. 14
    14

Alcoholics Generated From Family

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Akerman 1 Alcoholics Generated From The Family Tamra Akerman Lively District Secondary School Akerman 2 Many factors affect the way an adolescent reacts to the peer pressures of substance abuse. Many of these factors can be traced back to the adolescent's family environment and upbringing. Researchers have described children of alcoholics as victims of an alcoholic family environment characterized by disruption, deviant parental role models, inadequate parenting, and disturbed parent child relationships. (Black.1982) An adolescent's home and family are their primary source of the concepts of what is considered acceptable for drinking. Therefore, it is hardly surprising, that children follow their parents' example. In many other cases it is found that some children of parents who drink heavily may reject their parents and their drinking behaviors because of the problems that arise because of it, such as embarrassment, social displacement or an abusive upbringing associated with it, and therefore as adults they will drink little or nothing. (Jennison.2001) What is an alcoholic? An Alcoholic describes a person who habitually uses intoxicating liquor to such an extent that he has lost the power of self-control with respect to the use of intoxicating liquor Akerman 3 or to such an extent as to endanger the health safety or welfare of himself or other persons." (Hyperdictionary.2003) Drinking can play a major role in a social respect, and is very rarely considered the powerful drug that it actually is, because of the good and relaxing effect it has on the bodies response system, but alcoholics don't know of limits when it comes to the consumption of alcohol and they feel the need to drink alcohol all the time. ...read more.

Middle

It is estimated that two thirds of first marriages will be disrupted by separation or divorce, and about half of all American children born during the 1980's, many of them today's teens, will experience their parents divorce. (West and Printz. 1987) A new long-term study of divorce found that children of divorced parents continue to suffer negative effects from the family break up into adulthood. The study by Dr. Judith S. Wallerstein and Dr. Julia Lewis, was presented at the Second World Congress of Family Law and the Rights of Children and Youth, held in San Francisco June 2-7. Family break up left children less resistant to the fulfillment promised by drugs, alcohol and early sex, these researchers found that half of the children in the sample became involved in serious drugs and alcohol abuse as adolescents, often without and indication that teen parents noticed or cared about their behavior. Entry into adulthood for the children of divorced parents is often a task for which they were poorly prepared and for this they had little help. A number of studies have found that the children from non-inact Akerman 5 or non-standard families have a raised risk of substance misuse as well as other problems. A Finnish study showed that the highest risk of adolescent substance use, dependent on the illicit drug abuse treatment were found in 1) families with a father and a stepmother and 2) families in which the adolescent was married and living with him or her spouse. ...read more.

Conclusion

Akerman 9 Researchers are trying to treat the problem by trying to get the (COA's) to rebuilding self-esteem and relearn to communicate and trust and love. They begin with identifying what, exactly, went wrong in the first place. Since learning about the dynamics of alcoholism is important to the process, many therapists recommend such self-help programs as Al-Anon, Children of Alcoholics, or Adult Children of Alcoholics. Professionals recommend dietary changes, and such stress-reduction techniques as meditation, aerobics, and visualization or affirmation exercises. (Turney.2000) "Whatever form treatment takes, children of alcoholics need to develop a healthy sense of self-esteem being free of guilt, fear, and blame so they can see themselves as okay even when those around them may not be." (Turney.2000) Once they have learnt to see the past for what it is, past, and the present for what it is, a present, you're not going to find a good reason to be stopped by anything at all, especially mom or dad's problem or the memories of it. (A.C.S.W.S.O. 2003) Each of us may have had to grow up playing our parents' games, questioning our value, living in the shadow of alcoholism or chemical dependency. Akerman 10 But that doesn't mean we're stuck there. And even if we did learn to pretend that things were fine when they weren't, it's okay to stop pretending now. (ACA-ACOA Discussion Group.2003) It is evident that parental alcohol abuse may have a range of possible unpleasant effects on adolescents. Without appropriate parent-child or family based interventions, these disruptive, alcohol-influenced parenting behaviors may contribute to depression and anxiety disorders and misbehavior among children and adolescents. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Free essay

    CHILD ABUSE, CHILDHOOD & HISTORY

    4 star(s)

    Pollock however is not very convinced with the work DeMause has provided and she has criticised him for having a simplistic theory of psychological development. The work of Aries has also received heavy criticism from Pollock (1983), most of these criticisms she has stated in her book.

  2. criminal behavior

    Before the experiment began a class of psychology students were asked to estimate the percentage of participants who would continue giving shocks up to 450v, they estimated only 3 per cent. This situation was unlikely to occur in everyday life so the participants acted in a different way to how

  1. Using studies from the list below, answer the questions which follow: Rosenhan (sane in ...

    In addition, personal hygiene was monitored and many of the toilets did not contain doors. Some of the ward orderlies would be brutal to patients in full view of other patients but would stop as soon as another staff member approached.

  2. PERSONALITY DISORDERS

    For example major depressives may display many of the features of borderline personality disorder just after a suicidal attempt and a misdiagnosis may be made. Using the edifice of the possible link to abuse in borderline patients, Guldersand & Sabo (1993, cited in Barlow & Durand, 2002)

  1. Is the landowner the driving force in urban redevelopment?

    2002:142). Nevertheless, valuable conclusions are drawn from the available data. The authors devise a five-point scale ((1) significant encouragement, (2) encouragement, (3) neutral impact, (4) discouragement and (5) severe discouragement) (ibid.:142-3) denoting the extent to which the landowner has encouraged the development of his site.

  2. Same-Sex Marriages

    The Federal Marriage Amendment states: "Marriage in the United States shall consist only of the union of a man and a woman. Neither this constitution or the constitution of any state shall be construed to require that marriage or the legal incidents there of be conferred upon any union other than the union of a man and a woman (Benne)."

  1. Attachment and Separation.

    Where psychoanalysis works retrospectively, trying to reconstruct the patient's infancy, Attachment Theory is determined to see by its own eyes what goes on during infancy and early childhood directly, dispensing with untrustworthy informants.

  2. Nicholas: victor or victim?

    The house is dull and bare and the aunt does not realize how important it is for children's lives to be varied and interesting. If the children behaved perfectly all the time, they would never get "a special treat". In some ways, then, Nicholas is a victim, but his aunt has not managed to break his spirit.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work