• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Children of a lesser god By Tazeen Javed.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Children of a lesser god By Tazeen Javed April 28 is International Day of Action for Health and Safety at the Workplace. In a small 12x14 room in Orangi Town, with only a small door for ventilation, 9-year-old Ayesha is busy rolling agarbatti sticks. She is humming the latest Jawad Ahmed ditty when suddenly she has a spasm of cough. She feels dizzy and goes out of the room to get some fresh air, but returns soon after, despite feeling nauseous. She has a whole pile of agarbatti sticks to roll if they are to eat the next day. Her 7-year-old brother, who returns home later, has small cuts all over his tiny hands. He works at an auto workshop and is assigned the task of cleaning small parts and cuts his hands during the process. They both have to work in order to support their family of five. Their father has abandoned them and the mother is too sick to work. Though only in her early 30s, she is nauseous all the time and vomits whenever she eats anything. ...read more.

Middle

Even when reported, the magnitude of injuries is often minimized, which results in unavailability of credible data. The main law dealing with OSH is the Factories Act 1934. There are Hazardous Occupation Rules 1978; the Mines Act 1923; Social Security Ordinance 1965; Workman's Compensation Act 1923; Shop and Establishment Act 1969 and Dock Labourer Act 1934. But all these laws fail to address the issue of OSH of child workers. It is known that child workers face a lot of safety and health concerns, as do adults, but the effects are more damaging on children with their low level of resistance. Children mostly work in carpet weaving, garages, agriculture, welding and light engineering, auto workshops, garbage collection and chemical sector and service industry. Ironically, most are labelled hazardous for children in the newly-formulated National List of Hazardous Forms of Child Labour for Pakistan (see box). There are some in construction and transport, but they are less in numbers. A recent study carried out by PILER on brick-kiln workers revealed that most of the children work with their parents and are bonded since birth. ...read more.

Conclusion

WHO's Study Group on Children's Work has summarized a few findings: The eyesight of children working with very fine wire, performing carpet weaving or embroidery, or working in microcomputer factories is damaged within 5-8 years. Children using hand tools, such as hammers and screwdrivers designed for adults, are said to have higher risk of injury and fatigue. Children using seats and benches designed for adults have more muscular and skeletal problems. When children find that the protective gear does not fit them, they work either without it or use makeshift arrangements such as tying a handkerchief over their nose instead of respirators, or using coloured glass while welding. Young workers have lower tolerance to heat than adults and face a greater danger of heatstroke. In addition to all these hazards, most children are malnourished and have lower level of resistance than other healthier children of their age. The Government of Pakistan ratified the ILO Convention 182 regarding the immediate elimination of worst forms of labour, but no local legislation followed for its implementation. In 2001, the government announced the National Policy and Action Plan to combat child labour, but that, too, is impractical and has no connection with the hard realities. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Child Labour.

    have time to go to school because they also work with their parents to earn money. Men also migrate alone to look for employment, leaving the wife alone with the children, which leaves the wife going to work and the children at home to fetch water and fuel for the

  2. What causes crime?

    The phallic stage is characterised by physical attraction to the parent of the opposite sex, coupled with fear and jealousy of the same-sexed parent, the Oedipus complex, which is resolved through identification with the parent of the same sex. The latency is an age of no great sexual significance and the genital stage sees the development of full heterosexual relations.

  1. Stress in the Workplace

    In the adaptation stage the body tries to identify which system it needs to use to deal with the long term effect of what ever is causing stress.

  2. Research Study About Accidents That Occur To Young Children.

    * Research into accidents which may occur in the nursery. Investigate safety factors which should be considered when planning a nursery . * Investigate the accidents which occur to a specific age group. Why do these accidents happen and how could they be prevented * Investigate poisoning accidents.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work