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critically discuss whether children can recover from intutionalisation of privation

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Introduction

Critically discuss whether children can recover from institutionalisation of privation Privation is the lack of something. The emotional privation is lack of attachment or love in a child who has been unable to form an attachment. Physical privation refers to the lack of basic physical needs such as food or shelter. To relate this to the institutionalisation this refers to the behaviour patterns of children who have been raised in institutions such as orphanages or children's homes. This can have an effect on the child as although it may have formed an attachment with the staff, but it still wont have the same attachment as if had been brought up in a family. The Koluchova twins were brought up in care after the death of their mother, at the age of 18 months they returned to live with their farther and stepmother, while living there they suffered serious deprivation until the age of 7 yrs when they were discovered and taken into care. ...read more.

Middle

Children were kept in a small room, and tied to the bed. When they were noisy they were covered with a blanket. The children were found by social services aged, Louise aged 3 1/2 and Mary aged 2 1/2, they were put into a children's hospital. They showed very little signs of speech and very little evidence of play, but following speech therapy, Louise developed normal language skills and began to attend a primary school at the age of 5. Mary did not develop language skills and had to be moved to a ward for acoustic children. This would suggest that although they had lived in the same environment that their must be other factors effecting he sisters, based on personal characteristics and how each child deals with the situation. A study by Hodges and Tizard (1989) based on Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis suggested that a discontinued relationship between a mother-figure and infant would result in emotional maladjustment. ...read more.

Conclusion

At the age of 8 most of the ex-institutional children had formed attachments with their parents or adopted parents the children's teacher did although report that the ex institutional children still tended to be attention-seeking and also more over friendly then 'normal' peers. Finally at the age of 16 they found that the relationship with the family in general the adopted children were as closely attached as the control group, whereas the restored group were less likely to be closely attached. With their peer relationships all the ex institutional adolescences were less likely to have a special friend, to be part of a crowd or to be liked by other children. Their conclusions were that at the age of 4 and 8 suggests that the children already showed signs of permanent damage due to the institutionalisation as a child. At 16 it suggests that privation had a negative effect to have the ability to form relationships. The adopted children seemed fine at home but not in peer relationships which suggest that they haven't fully recovered from their early privation as they found it harder to form relationships. ...read more.

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