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Describe the findings and conclusions of one study of cross-cultural variations on attachments

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Tom Lowe Psychology homework 1) Describe the findings and conclusions of one study of cross-cultural variations on attachments. Van Ijzendoorn et al. (1988) aimed to investigate cross-cultural variation in attachment. They found that there was considerable consistency in the overall distribution of attachment types throughout cultures. Secure attachment was the most common type throughout all of the cultures, but there was a large amount of variation in the distribution of insecure attachment. One of the more significant findings was that there was 1 1/2 more variation within cultures, than between them. ...read more.


This means that cross-cultural comparisons based on the assumption that there is uniformity of behavior within each culture lack validity. Another criticism of this study is that it may be ethnocentric, as the 'Strange situation' was created in the USA it may be adjusted to suit there society. 3) Outline and evaluate Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis. According to this hypothesis, breaking the maternal bond at the early stages of a child's life can have serious effects on its intellectual, social, cognitive and emotional development. Bowlby also claimed that these serious effects later in life were permanent and irreversible. ...read more.


From this Bowlby concluded that separation and/or deprivation results in permanent emotional damage, the study also shows that the effects of separation and/or deprivation can be easily observed years later through the behavior. However, Bowlby later challenged his own theory through his study into children who were hospitalized, as they were suffering from tuberculosis (TB). The children that Bowlby studied had spent between 5 and 25 months in hospital, and had had no substitute mother, but the children had been allowed regular visits from their families. When Bowlby later tested the children, he could find no difference between the hospitalized children, and children that had developed normally. ...read more.

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