• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the main theoretical models of child abuse.(

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Protecting children. Describe the main theoretical models of child abuse.(1D) Medical model, sociological model, psychological model, feminist model and contextual model are all theories relating to abuse. Although there are many different types of child abuse and many different reasons why it may occur, most cases have been wilted down to fit into one of the five main theories named above. Medical mode is when the reason for abused is classed as a disease or an illness. Kempe and Kempe were the inspiration for this theory when they described it as battered child syndrome which was linked to Bowlby's theory on attachment. Bowlby came to the conclusion that children who failed to form this bond with their mother in the first three years of the child's life would have problems in later life bonding with people and trusting people. He also described a child with a lack of bonding to be an affectionless psychopath, which he described to be someone who shows lack of guilt when done something wrong has difficulties showing emotion to things around them or someone with behaviour problems. ...read more.

Middle

It is not always this case however, some abused children grown up with the determination to treat the children with the love and kindness that they never received themselves. The case study states that the children are living in a high rise block of flats with faulty wiring, damp, and a lack of hygiene. The children are constantly around alcohol, drugs and known criminals. This is definitely not an appropriate environment for the children to be around and this is why I feel it fits in to this area of abuse. Psychological model is based around the family and its relationship status. It involves one particular member of the family being scapegoated by the rest of the family and getting the blame for all the problems that arise in the family. This type of abuse can be linked with the case study because the older child Katie gets blamed for a lot of the things that go wrong in the flat especially linked with her brother. Her brother is only a baby and if he cries then Katie gets in to trouble. ...read more.

Conclusion

The chaotic context is when the discipline within the family is inconsistent and there is a lack of boundaries, this means the child will not know what acceptable behaviour is and what is not. This is because one day they will do something and it will be accepted by the parent/carer but another day they will do the same thing and get punished for it. Care of the children is often erratic and sometimes older children are given adult responsibility. This links with the case study as John the father has too high expectations of Katie as she is given too much responsibility with looking after the baby when she isn't really old enough to even look after herself. All in all according to the case study Katie and Shaun are suffering from all 5 of the above mentioned models of abuse. This is not a good way for children to be brought up and it is a good job that the social services are discussing the welfare of the children and hopefully they will be moved into a more child friendly setting where they will receive all the care and comfort they need. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay asks only for a description of child abuse theories - within this there is still the opportunity to give detail of knowledge and research used to inform theory. The essay gives some examples from the case study to illustrate features of theories - possibly consider writing about fewer theories with more depth of knowledge.

Marked by teacher Stephanie Porras 26/03/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Bowlby's Attachment Theory

    4 star(s)

    In this study, Lorenz became 'mother'' to a brood of goslings. It was already known that many birds attach themselves to the first figure they see upon hatching and persist in this attachment, and Lorenz's work confirmed this. The phenomenon is called imprinting, an ethological concept taken from embryology.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    The five major perspectives in Psychology and their main strengths and weaknesses.

    3 star(s)

    Eg: work) B: behaviour (such as the actual working) C: consequence (earning money) Therefore Skinner believed that positive re-enforcement needs to be given. Although there are no stages of development in this approach it is felt that different behaviour is re-enforced at different ages.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Outline the major theoretical perspectives in psychology and evaluate two of these paridigms.

    3 star(s)

    Piaget (1896-1980) who studied cognitive development in neo nates through to adolescence produced one of the most famous theories in this area. He saw cognitive development having 4 key stages. Firstly the sensorimotor stage (0-2), the baby has an innate reflex to situations, which gives the basis for future development.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Discuss how childcare workers can combat the effects of oppression, racism and discrimination, making ...

    3 star(s)

    Punishment is not enough. He must be made to understand, through clear and gentle explanation that he is wrong and it is unacceptable within society. Perhaps the parents could be present and made aware of the care setting rules. It may help to centre activities around the early years curriculum.

  1. Marked by a teacher

    If a child does not form a significant attachment to a main caregiver within ...

    3 star(s)

    Thus it can be stated that psychologists who follow this approach consider behaviour as biological, in other words part of our being. The behaviourist approach on the other hand, views behavior as something that is learnt rather than innate. Psychologists who follow this approach believe that an attachment is formed

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Smacking Children right or wrong

    3 star(s)

    A child between 1-3 years may not understand words but they can learn from our actions. For example, if the toddler takes another child's toy.

  1. For this assignment I have decided to look at the disorder known as ADHD ...

    Consequences for breaking rules may include withdrawal of certain privileges and the use of time outs (Kendall 2000). Praising the child is extremely important, as peers, teachers, and even strangers who do not understand their disability frequently criticize these children.

  2. Outline and evaluate Bowlby's maternal deprivation hypothesis.

    Bowlby selected a sample of 44 'thieves' and compared them to 44 boys with no criminal record who had also attended the clinic. He classes 14 of these thieves an 'affectionless psychopath'. He believed that affectionless psychopathy often results from maternal deprivation.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work