• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Describe the main theoretical models of child abuse.(

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Protecting children. Describe the main theoretical models of child abuse.(1D) Medical model, sociological model, psychological model, feminist model and contextual model are all theories relating to abuse. Although there are many different types of child abuse and many different reasons why it may occur, most cases have been wilted down to fit into one of the five main theories named above. Medical mode is when the reason for abused is classed as a disease or an illness. Kempe and Kempe were the inspiration for this theory when they described it as battered child syndrome which was linked to Bowlby's theory on attachment. Bowlby came to the conclusion that children who failed to form this bond with their mother in the first three years of the child's life would have problems in later life bonding with people and trusting people. He also described a child with a lack of bonding to be an affectionless psychopath, which he described to be someone who shows lack of guilt when done something wrong has difficulties showing emotion to things around them or someone with behaviour problems. ...read more.

Middle

It is not always this case however, some abused children grown up with the determination to treat the children with the love and kindness that they never received themselves. The case study states that the children are living in a high rise block of flats with faulty wiring, damp, and a lack of hygiene. The children are constantly around alcohol, drugs and known criminals. This is definitely not an appropriate environment for the children to be around and this is why I feel it fits in to this area of abuse. Psychological model is based around the family and its relationship status. It involves one particular member of the family being scapegoated by the rest of the family and getting the blame for all the problems that arise in the family. This type of abuse can be linked with the case study because the older child Katie gets blamed for a lot of the things that go wrong in the flat especially linked with her brother. Her brother is only a baby and if he cries then Katie gets in to trouble. ...read more.

Conclusion

The chaotic context is when the discipline within the family is inconsistent and there is a lack of boundaries, this means the child will not know what acceptable behaviour is and what is not. This is because one day they will do something and it will be accepted by the parent/carer but another day they will do the same thing and get punished for it. Care of the children is often erratic and sometimes older children are given adult responsibility. This links with the case study as John the father has too high expectations of Katie as she is given too much responsibility with looking after the baby when she isn't really old enough to even look after herself. All in all according to the case study Katie and Shaun are suffering from all 5 of the above mentioned models of abuse. This is not a good way for children to be brought up and it is a good job that the social services are discussing the welfare of the children and hopefully they will be moved into a more child friendly setting where they will receive all the care and comfort they need. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This essay asks only for a description of child abuse theories - within this there is still the opportunity to give detail of knowledge and research used to inform theory. The essay gives some examples from the case study to illustrate features of theories - possibly consider writing about fewer theories with more depth of knowledge.

Marked by teacher Stephanie Porras 26/03/2013

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Compare and contrast two of the main approaches to personality psychology

    3 star(s)

    Take for example a young boy, who thinks that he can get anything from his young sister by hitting her. However, on one occasion, his parents may catch him hitting his sister and punish him. His expectancy may now change: he may still get what he wants by behaving aggressively, but if caught, he'll be punished.

  2. Marked by a teacher

    Smacking Children right or wrong

    3 star(s)

    comfort to the child about why you are hitting them this is therefore not the same for teacher. If your child does something naughty like scream or shout if you hit that child gently than the next time the child wants something he or she will not copy the previous action.

  1. Factors that Affect Growth and Development.

    Stage Seven, Middle adulthood: Generativity versus stagnation. Adults in this stage are often having their own children or are making progress in their careers. In this stage, adults are trying to make an impact on the future. Most people have children or try hard in their careers.

  2. Communication skills in a group interaction.

    I also would like to make this a fun activity for the children, in which they will get some learning experience out of too. I am also hoping that the pupils will be willing to ask me questions about the activity and that I will be able to give sufficient answers.

  1. The Nature of Groups & Group Behaviour

    of motivation and job satisfaction * Effective groups can have extremely beneficial effects for the organisation and its work output 5.2. Potential Disadvantages * If all members of the group do not have the same goal, tension can develop and individuals may impede efforts to work together * Being assigned

  2. Critically discuss the implications of attachment theory for different forms of childcare

    Like Bowlby, Ainsworth believed in a universal model of attachment however, evidence from cross-cultural research on secure and insecure attachments carried out by Van Ijzendoorn and Kroonenberg (1988) revealed cultural differences in the mother-child relationship. This evidence questions the validity of using the strange situation method to measure and compare attachment in different cultures.

  1. Discuss problems inherent to diagnosis and classification of abnormality

    They include general medical conditions such as injury and poisoning, psychosocial and environmental problems such as educational problems or even being eccentric. The purpose of Axis V is to assess the extent, global assessment of functioning, at which the disorder diminishes the persons quality of life.

  2. In Britain today, most people live in nuclear families - The aim of this ...

    In my introduction I said the in the Christian faith marriage is a sacrament; this is the underlined theme in the quote. "If I have a right to have children..." is taken from the passage this shows that in his opinion children should be looked after by their parents as

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work