• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Discuss two or more psychological explanations of one eating disorder.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Discuss two or more psychological explanations of one eating disorder Socio-cultural explanations � Media influence - Images of the idealized women have become taller and slimmer over the last 50 years. - Several reasons suggest the media is an important factor in the development of eating disorders - Girls internalize what is seen in their culture as beautiful - This can create tension between the real self and the ideal self - This leads to dissatisfaction with body shape and weight, dieting and an obsession with food - In some vulnerable girls, this can develop into an eating disorder - This process may be helped by imitation and direct reinforcement through family praise for losing weight. -Groesz, Levne and Murnen found that dissatisfaction significantly increased after exposure to thin women. � Ethnicity influences -Grabe and Hyde found significantly less body dissatisfaction in African-Americans than White females. -In the Caribbean, there are more positive attitudes towards large body sizes - attractiveness and fertility. � Peer influences -Peer acceptance is important during adolescence, as it is a time of uncertainty. -Jones and Crawford found that overweight girls and underweight boys were most likely to be teased. ...read more.

Middle

-They find it difficult to associate good feeling with things that people find pleasurable, e.g. food. Commentary � Part of the hypothalamus that controls feeding behaviour. Serotonin has been implicated in AN trait. � SRRIs are ineffective when used with AN patient; however Kaye found that they prevented a relapse. � Wang et al found there were normal levels of dopamine receptors in obese individuals. � Treatment implications force patient to reduce any guilt caused by the view that it's the parents fault. � Gender bias, not necessarily a female only problem. Genetic explanation Compare rates of AN in MZ twins with rates in DZ twins. Holland et al and Kendler et al found that concordance rates for MZ twins were significantly higher. Bulik concluded from these studies that the genetic contribution to both AN and BN is 50-80% Holland et al � To investigate the genetic contribution to AN using MZ and DZ twins, one has been diagnosed with AN. � 30 female twin pairs (16 MZ and 14 DZ), four male twin pairs and one set of male triplets. � 55% concordance rate for MZ, 7% for DZ. � Five of the non-anorexic female co twins had either other psychiatric illnesses or minor eating disorders. ...read more.

Conclusion

-Therefore, it would have been adaptive for humans to have evolved with an innate preference for sweetness Preference for meat -Without meat, its claimed humans wouldn't have gained enough nutrition to become active and intelligent -A diet containing meat is a far more efficient means of obtaining protein. -Large occasional kills would mean that humans spend less time feeding themselves and the group Taste aversion -If we eat food that makes us sick, it would be an evolutionary advantage to avoid that food in the future. -Garcia, Rusiniak and Brett made wolves sick with contaminated lamb's meat, they would later leave sheep. -Suggests that they had learned to associate the poison with the sheep. -Contributes to keeping the animal alive as it will affect the animal's behaviour in the future. Commentary -Evolutionary explanations can account for innate food preferences, increased level of world obesity. -Capaldi found that all ages and other species prefer sweet food tastes than any other taste. -Bell found that it's not culturally learnt, as Eskimos preferred sweet foods. -Gibson and Wardle found that children were likely to choose bananas and potatoes, rich in calories. -This suggests an evolved preference for calorie rich foods. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Physiological Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Physiological Psychology essays

  1. Anxiety Disorders

    Obsessive Compulsive Disorder Characteristics Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) is an anxiety disorder characterized by uncontrollable, unwanted thoughts and repetitive, ritualized behaviors you feel compelled to perform. If you have OCD, you probably recognize that your obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors are irrational - but even so, you feel unable to resist them and break free.

  2. Explanations of anorexia nervosa

    as a way of combating their negative self-image and dealing with the problems in their lives. Dieting, and its positive effects, can bereinforced, for example, the anorexic may begin to feel that their body shape is changing,becoming more like their idea of what constitutes the `perfect' body.

  1. Psychological influences in childbearing and midwifery practice - A Rite of Passage: Transition from ...

    Detection not 'diagnosis' is aided by use of the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS, Cox et al 1989); the Health Visitor will complete an EPDS with all women between 4 - 6 weeks postpartum and again between 3 - 4 months.

  2. Depression - Gender Differences.

    SIDE EFFECTS OF DEPRESSION During the past decade the prevalence of eating disorders has increased among teenage and college-age American women. This increase is probably caused in part by society's idea of the ideal woman as being overly thin in order to be beautiful.

  1. Critically Discuss the Causes of one Psychological Disorder Depression is one of the most ...

    Modern medical research has contributed much to our understanding of depression. However scientists do not know the exact mechanism that triggers depressive illnesses. Doctors believed that depression was the result of thoughts and emotions that were troubling a person. Most recently, experts realized that there can be several factors working together that will lead a person to become depressed.

  2. Outline and evaluate one or more psychological approaches to one eating disorder.

    Restrained eating is associated with lowered and depressed mood. In addition, depression is linked to low self-esteem. So the restrained eaters have increased motivation to eat.

  1. A2 Psychology Unit 3 Eating Behaviour: Psychological Explanations Of One Eating Disorder - Anorexia ...

    Body dissatisfaction * Negative feelings about the self are often expressed as negative feelings about the body. * Body dissatisfaction is associated with dieting, which in turn is associated with anorexia. * The influence of media is thought to operate through body dissatisfaction.

  2. Discuss neural mechanisms in eating behaviour

    This matters because although it supports the Dual Centre Model, due the results lacking external validity, it cannot be applied to human psychology or medical research, suggesting more research must be carried out in order to provide results that can be applicable.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work