• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month
  1. 1
  2. 2
  3. 3
  4. 4
  5. 5
  6. 6
  7. 7
  8. 8
  9. 9
  10. 10
  11. 11
  12. 12

Do females have larger colour vocabularies than males? OCR psychology coursework

Extracts from this document...


Do Females have larger colour vocabularies? Contents Title Page Number Abstract 3 Introduction 4 Hypotheses 5 Method 6 Results 8 Discussion 9 Appendix 1 10 Appendix 2 11 References 12 Abstract This experiment's aim was to see whether females had larger colour vocabularies than males. Previous studies such as that by Thomas, Curtis and Bolton (1978) show that women have an extensive colour vocabulary when compared to men. Robin Lacoff suggests that women take part in more colour-based activities, for example, clothes shopping, where one would mix and match colours to create a scheme. Women therefore should have a larger database of colour related words than men. Following the results from these previous studies, it was expected that females would generate more colour words than males. The sample consisted of 16 participants aged 16-19 from a sixth form college in the south of England, participants were selected by opportunity sampling. There were 8 male and 8 female participants. Using an independent measures design, the participants were asked to write down as many colour words as they could within two minutes, the number of words written at the end of the two minutes was the dependant variable. The Mann-Whitney U-test was then used and this showed that the results were significantly different between conditions at p<0.025 and the experimental hypothesis was accepted. ...read more.


* Pens * Stopwatch Measurement and Analysis The experiment generated ordinal data as the results could be placed in rank order from the most number of colour words recalled to the least. Since the design was independent groups, the Mann-Whitney U-test was used for the statistical test. Ethics The instruction slip asked for consent from the participants, offered a withdrawal option both before or during the experiment and explained that the participant's could remove their data after the experiment. It also made clear that confidentiality would be kept; names were not asked for and results were not disclosed. Protection of participants was maintained as participants were informed that their results were normal and throughout the experiment they were not asked to do anything that could cause potential mental or physical harm. Finally, the participants were debriefed and asked if they had any questions. Results A table to summarise the numbers of colour words listed in each condition: Male Condition Female Condition Mean 18.4 23 Median 19 22 Mode - 22 Range 8 10 A visual display of the mean results: Results of the statistical analysis using the Mann-Whitney U-Test: Observed Value of U Critical Value of U (p<0.05) for a one-tailed test Level of significance 13 15 p<0.025 The observed value of U (13) is equal to the critical value at p<0.025, therefore females recalled significantly more colour words than males to accept the experimental hypothesis and reject the null hypothesis. ...read more.


-49 2 U2=64 + 36 -49 U2=100 -49 U2=51 U1 is lower than U2 and so therefore becomes the observed value of U. The critical value when n1 and n2 (participants in each condition) equals 8 is 15. The observed value of U is below to the critical value of U at the 1-in-40 value and so the difference between conditions is therefore significant. Appendix 2 The instruction slip given to the participants at the beginning of the experiment: This experiment is designed to see whether males or females are better at recalling colour words. You will be given a blank piece of paper and a pen, you will then be given 2 minutes to write down as many colour words as you can recall. After the time has ended the experimenter will then take back in your list of recalled colour words. You have the opportunity to withdraw, before, during and after the experiment by the way of having your data/results removed. Results from the experiment will remain fully confidential and will only be used for this experiment. If you have a query do not hesitate the experimenter at any time during the experiment. By continuing with the experiment you are giving your consent to participate. Do you have any questions? References ELAINE RICH (1977), Sex related differences in colour vocabulary, 'Language and Speech', Vol. 20, Part 4. Pages 404 - 409 Studies found using google search engine: http://www.colormatters.com/khouw.html LAKOFF, R. (1975). Language and Woman's Place. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Social Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Social Psychology essays

  1. The matching hypothesis

    This is because on wedding days the bride is especially groomed to look her best- and so usually looks much better than that in everyday life. This is, a confounding variable, as she is perceived to look more attractive than she actually is.

  2. whether leading questions can affect a person's memory of a question and insert an ...

    to withdraw at any time from the investigation should they feel the wish to do so, and the participants were told that their results would be unidentifiable. To be able to test the hypotheses of the experiment and find out whether leading questions can affect the recollection of a memory the participants had to be deceived i.e.

  1. Physiological Arousal and its Effects on Females interpretations of physical attractiveness

    It wobbles as you walk on it and sways in the wind. Nearby there is another bridge that does not stimulate as much arousal, it is solidly built out of heavy wood and stands only 10 feet about a small, peaceful stream.

  2. The Matching Hypothesis

    Also of the white people in the pictures the most attractive people may still be rated higher than others. Researcher bias: If the questions were asked in person then as a researcher I could influence the rating or score given by the participants.

  1. Psychology Questions Ansewered

    Psychologists often want to make statements about how most people behave or experience the world. These statements are called generalisations, However, such generalisations are often based on a limited range of participants, environments, activity or culture. Using the core studies below, answer the questions that follow.

  2. Matching Hypothesis

    Method Design This researches design method was a correlation design method, the participants will rate the couples out of 10 and a correlation will be formed based on the ratings of both the males and the females.

  1. Psychology Phobias Coursework

    as it is essential for survival, fear tells us to run and disgust tells us to avoid contact. However, Sharma says that some people with the phobias of spiders or insects have greater disgust sensitivity. Disgust sensitivity is a term used to describe a person who finds things disgusting easier and quicker than the majority of other people.

  2. Effect of category and hierachy on recall

    Then give 5 minutes for the participants to write down as many words as they can remember. 8. Collect in all the sheets of paper and fully debrief all of the participants. Results Results Group 1, Structured words Group 2, Unstructured words 27 16 24 16 22 16 21

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work