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Dream functions

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Dream functions Dreams usually occur in REM (Rapid eye movement) sleep and usually appear four to five times per night. It has been suggested by Strauch and Meier 1996 that some dreams occur in non-REM. However, they may seem vague. The dreams that are remembered are usually those that is close to the stages of waking up. Every body dreams, even blind people, but they are auditory. Dreams can vary in realism, information, colour and emotion. Burne 1998 supposes that dreams last for as long as they would in real life. External factors can also affect dreams even though the brain does not respond to sensory input. ...read more.


They serve the main purpose of hiding unacceptable thoughts from consciousness that would be damaging to the person. During sleep, the wishes and impulses are freed as dreams. This explains why not many dreams are remembered, however, for the dreams that are remembered, they may appear in a metaphorical way. This is known as the Manifest content of the dream, which will be what the dreamer reports. The actual meaning of the dream is called the Latent content. The reason for the meaning to be hidden is for the dreamer's benefit of not knowing their own damaging wishes. By remembering a dream, the person has the chance to understand their unconscious by converting the Manifest content in to the Latent content. ...read more.


Griffen 1998 objected to the fact that dreams are metaphors and think that a person thinking about impotence is just as likely to dream about it. Freud has been criticised by both Foulkes 1971 and Cohen 1973 with dreams that make sense as it may perhaps have occurred during the day. For example, a stressful problem in the day appeared in the dream and there was no protective imagery. There is also very little empirical evidence to the suggested symbols and their relation to people's dreams. Hall 1966 and other psychologists feel that dreams have association to the waking mind, so it is inaccurate to suggest that dreams are there to release unconscious thoughts. As Freud's interpretation of dreams was put forward in the 1900, it may be unreliable to apply it to this present day. ?? ?? ?? ?? 14/10/01 ...read more.

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