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Group Dynamics.

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Group Dynamics "A branch of 'social psychology' concerned with the study of groups. [Areas of research include the] Interactions [of group members], cohesiveness of groups, leadership, and group decision processes." The Dictionary of Behavioural Science (Wolman B.B. 1989) It can be further be defined as the: "Field of inquiry dedicated to advancing knowledge about the nature of groups, the laws of their development, and their interrelations with individuals, other groups, and larger institutions." Cartwright & Zander (1968) Group dynamics can be considered as having interdisciplinary characteristics, and as such strides both psychological and sociological boundaries. As where most fields in psychology concentrate on the individual, social psychologists attempt to comprehend human behaviour in its broader social context. When examining the nature of groups it is imperative that a defining definition can be ascertained. ...read more.


The average group size is approximately 2.4 members, with an average range between two to seven; hence one of the general principles of GD is that groups tend to gravitate towards smaller sizes. It is also a general rule of thumb that the larger the group, the more complex and formal the structure becomes. Goals; Goals impart the bases for the existence of group formation. It is conceptually held that group formation originates as the direct result of people trying to achieve a common goal. This does not have to be a driven directive, but perhaps just simply the satisfaction of human needs such as survival, informational, interpersonal or collective needs. Forsyth (1990) believed that group formation is instrumental in maximising the social rewards received. ...read more.


These refer to the sequelea of events that dictate the stages of a group's development. * Group Socialization, refers to the change between individuals in the group and the actual group itself. This mutual process occurs whereby members are changed by the group, which in turn changes the make up of the group. The analysis of group dynamics can help in the workplace by identifying the needs of the company and form together a collective that can articulate the company vision. By identifying both the strengths and weaknesses within the collective, these can either be capitalized upon, or improved to compliance levels. It may take to form of simple self-assessment whereby individuals' state there views on the mission statement that is objectified by the company, and their role in its inception. FdSc Food Manufacturing Management Module 2: Social Psychology for Managers Steve Norman - 1 - ...read more.

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