• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How Children Learn

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

How Children Learn This essay has been set out to demonstrate a range of theories on how children learn as every child is unique and the developmental process of the brain takes place from the womb which progresses throughout, making it a lifelong journey. There are a number of factors that influence a child's learning, but the focus will be on four areas of learning; play, communication, the role of the adult and the environment. It will discuss key theorists perspectives on these topics and detail how this can be embedded in a policy for effective learning and positive interaction. "When young children play, it is their work"(Maria Montessori, 1992) Drake,(2005) would totally agree with this as she suggests that children learn to make sense of the world around them through play as it is their work and should be afforded the high status and considered planning it deserves. Play helps children to learn about themselves and the world around them. It is one of the most important tools to develop early communication and social skills. Children learn a lot through play especially when they are around other children they learn how to live with others. According to Jeanie Hurley, "Playing is the most natural thing in the world but there's much more to it than just having fun"(Hurley, 2005).Play allows children to make important connections about what they know. ...read more.

Middle

Vygotsky's theory was an attempt to explain consciousness as the end product of socialization. For example, in the learning of language, our first utterances with peers or adults is for the purpose of communication but once mastered they become internalized and allow "inner speech". The development of language is a very important experience for young children. Practitioners should encourage children to listen to adults as well as other children in conversation, which will help the young learners to talk confidently and also develop early literacy skills. This area between what the subject can do unassisted and what they can do if prompted, Vygotsky calls the "Zone of Proximal Development". By building on the child's experience and providing moderately challenging tasks teachers can provide the 'intellectual scaffolding' to help children learn and progress through the different stages of development. However, Piaget held that development leads learning that is children can only learn what is possible for their given stage of development, which is possible for their given state of development, which originates from an innate program of developmental stages. Vygotsky on the contrary, held that learning leads development, that is, being presented with challenges and assisted in overcoming these challenges induces the development of new abilities. ...read more.

Conclusion

High quality provision requires a well- trained, well supported and highly motivated workforce and this is the reason why the government's aim is to have EYPs in all children's centres offering early provision by 2010 and in every full day-care setting by 2015. Early Years Professionals (EYPs) are key to raising the quality of early year's provision. They are 'change agents' to improve practice and will lead the Early Years Foundation Stage by supporting and mentoring other practitioners and model the skills and behaviours that safeguard and support children. This essay has identified and evaluated a number of philosophies based on learning and interaction. It has emphasised the importance of play and how children make sense of the world through first-hand experiences. Children learn to communicate by listening and imitating. The role of the adult is crucial where adults should value children's work by giving praise and listen to children's ideas as they can be positive role models who influence children in a warm and loving manner using different approaches. Children strive in a stimulating and vibrant environment which helps them function in a variety of forces that influence their development helping them with skills necessary to become lifelong learners and hence "a child whose well being is high will feel like a fish in water" (Leavers, 1995) is indeed true. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our AS and A Level Developmental Psychology section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related AS and A Level Developmental Psychology essays

  1. Communication skills in a group interaction.

    My body language was said to be satisfactory at all times, however could have made more of a conscious effort to move about the room a bit more, rather than just sitting in front of the group. I think that I defiantly could have improved my body language by moving

  2. Physical, Social and Emotional Development of Children.

    This could cause children to think less of themselves, meaning if a child is expected to behave badly the child will do so. This can affect how the child develops mentally, as the child will behave how they are expected to and not disappoint the adults expectations, and therefore might achieve less in their education because of this.

  1. Is Homework Beneficial to Children in Any way?

    They are not apposed to the skills that the children are trying to be taught by homework but simply voice that there must another way to teach these skills and qualities. Many would like to set the agenda for our children's learning them ourselves.

  2. This curriculum plan is to be based on children aged between nought to two ...

    individuality and the contributions of others and have a role and identity within the setting A healthy child Be able to make their own decisions and discover their own likes and dislikes. Be acquiring a range of physical skills and gaining control of their body.

  1. How does watching television influence the behaviours and cognitions of young children?

    past, especially historically women who stayed home to bring up their children. This produces the question, is it better for women to work in modern day society or is the historical view that women should stay at home, a better approach towards bringing up children?

  2. This assessment is to devise a medium term plan and to plan a range ...

    and some chunky marker pens. The practitioner asks the children what they know about the subject (in this case China). All of the children's relevant suggestions will be written down leaving space to elaborate at the end of the subject. The practitioner's job is to encourage the children and to write down what they say.

  1. Developing Talk with Pupils across the Core Curriculum

    By 4-6 years of age a child has mastered most of the rules of language. They are fluent in their native language. They have also learned how to use forms of grammar such as irregular nouns, verbs and pronouns. The process of learning language continues as a child grows and becomes more confident in speech.

  2. HOW PEOPLE LEARN

    This process depends on the observer's ability to code or structure the information in an easily remembered form or to mentally or physically rehearse the model's actions. o Production: Observers must be physically and/intellectually capable of producing the act. In many cases the observer possesses the necessary responses.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work