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Imagine you are training a group of newly recruited police officers in witness/ victim interviewing techniques. Suggest what advice you would recommend, in terms of appropriate techniques of interviewing and give reasons for your choice.

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Introduction

Question Imagine you are training a group of newly recruited police officers in witness/ victim interviewing techniques. Suggest what advice you would recommend, in terms of appropriate techniques of interviewing and give reasons for your choice. Training a group of newly recruited police officers in witness/victim interviewing techniques is very important in dealing with policing duties. Perception and Memory plays a big role in such training for interviewing witness/ victim. Retrieving information and the other interviewing technique such as questioning style are also dominant in any interview with witness/victim. Applying such techniques appropriately or inappropriately in various interviews will be possibly affected police officers to obtain accurate and reliable information from witness/victim. Perception means the way in which we interpret information entering our sense organs. The process of perception is to try to make sense of the input after sensory organs take in information. Perception can affect each witness/victim's provided information whether is reliable or accurate. The first thing the newly recruited police officer should understand the nature of perception to avoid any misjudgment happened. If such police officer understands the nature of perception totally, they can determine whether the witness/victim seems to express inaccuracies and biases in what they have seen or heard. ...read more.

Middle

Patience is the other attitude that is very helpful to establish a good relationship between the interviewing officer and victim because the victim is reluctant to recall such terrible memories which traumatize the victim deeply. We should instruct police officer not push the victim too hard and let the victim feel that police officer is helping them to solve their problem. If witness/ victim's stress is gone, the quantity of recalling their memory is also increased to the degree of reliability. The other interviewing technique such as question style is one of the main topic in training the newly recruited police officer. Open-ended questions and closed questions play an important role in interview with witness/victim. Open-end questions can minimize the risk that the interviewer will impose his or her view of what happened on the interviewee. Open-end questions are preferable to be used because applying open-end questions in the interview can makes the information provided by witness/victim to be more detail narration. Closed questions are the second best type of question using in interviewing witness/victim. It can allow investigator to control the interview and minimizes irrelevant information. But such question style can decrease the witness/victim concentration and will be resulted in less recall. ...read more.

Conclusion

The witness is very hard to determine who is the murderer although hypnosis is applied. It is because witness has a question mark in their memory system about the murderer. If the witness provide the information about suspect without deliberation, it will be unfair to the innocent who is suspected. On the other hand, it is very hard to ensure whether the witness is under hypnosis or not. The evidence the witness provided seems not too reliable in helping police works. The use of hypnosis is inappropriate applying on the victim. In some serious case such as rape and murdering attempt those are happened on the victim, it is very hard to lead the victim into hypnotic status because hypnosis can cause the victim to recall the terrible experience. Such interviewing technique cannot help police work thoroughly and then scare the victim to say the details about the incident happened on the victim. Finally, Training about interviewing witness/victim is substantial to newly recruited police officer and also the veteran police officer. It can help police to work more effective and to be fair in the court of justice. Name: CHEUNG, Wai Lun Gavin Student No.: 03528623 PS 203 Psychology for Law Enforcement TMA3 1 ...read more.

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