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One physiological method of stress management is the use of Anti Anxiety Drugs. These are drugs taken to try and contradict the bodys natural hormones,

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Stress a) Selye (1936/50) studied the behaviour of rats under stress through electric shock, and on hospital patients and realised that they all reacted to stress in the same patterns. He called this pattern the General Adaptation Syndrome (GAS). He stated that it involved three stages: Alarm Reaction Stage: This involved the sympathetic branch of the Autonomic Nervous System (ANS) activating the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal system, creating a fight or flight situation within the body. Resistance Stage: This kicks in when the alarm reaction stage is at a full. The parasympathetic nervous system looks for ways to use resources more cautiously. The body attempts to recharge lost energy and set the body back into a state of homeostasis. Fight or flight is less affective now, so strategies such as denial are used instead. ...read more.


The use of ancient oils in Aromatherapy can be used to modify physical and psychological effects of stress without using drugs, such as lavender to calm you down. c) One physiological method of stress management is the use of Anti Anxiety Drugs. These are drugs taken to try and contradict the body's natural hormones, which produce anxiety, and bring the body back to homeostasis. Drugs such as Beta-Blockers reduce activity in the sympathetic nervous system and trigger the cardiovascular muscles to relax and lowers blood pressure. Bergodiazepines such as Valium reduce arousal by increasing activity of the neurotransmitter GABA that decreases seratonin. There are many benefits to using these drugs, as beta-blockers are not addictive and can be affective in reducing the effects of stress in the short term. ...read more.


said that learning through reinforcement would encourage this learning. They showed this on rats, which were given rewards when controlling their cardiac muscles via Operant Conditioning techniques. Dworkin (1988) supported this with his study on teenagers with spinal curvation. Biofeedback is seen as an effective way of reducing stress as it is long term and can be applied to everyday life without the use of harmful drugs. However it can be seen that any improvements may be due to sense of control or relaxation techniques, and no biofeedback. Also individual differences will vary results, as children will benefit more than adults when using these techniques. In the long term, I would say that Biofeedback is a more effective and harm free way of reducing the affects of stress. Using Anti Anxiety drugs have too many side affects and risks to health. Anti Anxiety drugs by far outweigh Biofeedback in disadvantages. ...read more.

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