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Outline and briefly evaluate two ways in which the family may influence an individual's behaviour.

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Outline and briefly evaluate two ways in which the family may influence an individual's behaviour. The family has a vital role in the primary socialisation process. Socialisation is the learning of norms, values and expected patterns of behaviour. The family can have a huge influence on gender identity. When a child is born the sex of the baby is immediately determined, thus labelling the baby with certain characteristics before it has formed it's own identity, for example- baby girls are automatically wrapped in a pink blanket and boys in blue. Will, Self and Datan did an experiment where a number of mothers were shown, separately, Beth in a pink dress and Adam in Blue costume, and studied their reactions. The result was that girls were viewed as sweet and were smiled at more often. However, Beth and Adam was the same baby; thus, illustrating the difference in treatment between the sexes. ...read more.


If the child behaves improperly they will be punished by frowns, stern tone, and removal of privileges, reprimands and previously smacking. Without the family enforcing sanctions, a child s less likely to behave in a correct manner for their society as they have not learnt the difference between right and wrong. The process does not ensure the children will always behave correctly; a child is likely to test the boundaries of acceptable behaviour and will sometimes show defiance. However when as long as sanctions are enforced during the situations, over a period of time the child will eventually learn. Using item A, identify and briefly explain two meanings that the interviewees associated with the concept if 'gender equality'. One of the ideas associated with gender equality is the removal of career stereotypes for men and women. Women are stereotyped into certain professions which are deemed to be women's work, due to their nurturing nature, for example, nursing is predominantly women. ...read more.


Identify and briefly explain two characteristics associated with feminine behaviour. Women express their identity though appearance so looking after themselves is a common characteristic of females. This is why the majority of beauty products are marketed towards women. Sociologist Lees discovered in her study that appearance is crucial to a girl's identity, and one must act modestly and dress accordingly in order to conform. (Ladettes are an exception to the rule!!!!). Another characteristic of feminine behaviour is nurturing. Women are traditionally seen as the homemakers rather than the breadwinners. The nurturing characteristic means the woman is a motherly figure and is seen to support and take care of the family. Even in their job choices women often opt for nurturing roles, for example, primary school teachers. A study done by Sue Sharpe in the 70's and again in the 90's found that girls see their main role as nurturers to some degree, although more recently this characteristic had taken aback seat as women are now aspiring to be me more independent and career focused. ...read more.

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