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Outline and evaluate one or more institutional expnations of agression

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Institutional aggression is a significant problem; as a result of this various explanations have been proposed in an attempt to combat this. For example, the Importation model and the Deprivation model. Firstly, the Importation Model suggests that the prisoners themselves become violent, as they bring to prison their own social traits, which results in the subsequent aggressive behaviour. For example, Mills, Kroner and Weekes found that higher levels of misconduct in prison were associated with severe levels of alcohol dependence - which supports the theory that the prisoners are the aggressors, not their environment. Additionally, Kane and Janus found that lack of education and greater periods of unemployment were also connected with higher levels of aggression, however, this is a correlation so a distinct cause and effect cannot be established. ...read more.


The model claims that prisoners display aggressive behaviour because of 5 key things that they are deprived of, these being security, goods and services, liberty, a heterosexual relationship and autonomy. The model claims that prisoners become stressed as a result of these deprivations as they do not feel secure or in control. Which in turn can lead to violent or aggressive behaviour. There is research support for this model, conduced by Richards in 2007; inmate on inmate violence was examined across 900 US prisons - Richards found that some inmate programmes resulted in an increase in violence, while others resulted in a decrease, this suggest that it is actually the prison environment affecting the prisoner's behaviour, supporting the Deprivation model. ...read more.


The experiment's conclusion is also deterministic, as it supports the deprivation model, which assumes that the environment controls our actions and that we have no free will in this. Additionally, the conclusion is reductionist, as it does not take into account the prisoners themselves, their background and their social traits, but focuses on the environment only. As well as this, the duty supports the nurture view, vs. nature, as it says that the environment we are in affects our behaviour. In conclusion, the Important model suggests that the people themselves cause aggression, according to what their past is and what subculture they identify with, whilst the Deprivation model suggests aggression is caused by the things we are deprived of when in an environment. ...read more.

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